Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

2nd Edition

for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities

Authors: Dennis P. Nolan
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437778571
eBook ISBN: 9781437778588
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 9th December 2010
Page Count: 340
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Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles: for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities is a general engineering handbook that provides an overview for understanding problems of fire and explosion at oil, gas, and chemical facilities. This handbook offers information about current safety management practices and technical engineering improvements. It also provides practical knowledge about the effects of hydrocarbon fires and explosions and their prevention, mitigation principals, and methodologies.
This handbook offers an overview of oil and gas facilities, and it presents insights into the philosophy of protection principles. Properties of hydrocarbons, as well as the characteristics of its releases, fires and explosions, are also provided in this handbook. The book includes chapters about fire- and explosion-resistant systems, fire- and gas-detection systems, alarm systems, and methods of fire suppression.
The handbook ends with a discussion about human factors and ergonomic considerations, including human attitude, field devices, noise control, panic, and security. People involved with fire and explosion prevention, such as engineers and designers, will find this book invaluable.

Key Features

  • A unique practical guide to preventing fires and explosions at oil and gas facilities, based on the author’s extensive experience in the industry
  • An essential reference tool for engineers, designers and others facing fire protection issues
  • Based on the latest NFPA standards and interpretations


Fire Protection Engineers, Health, Safety and Environment professionals, Safety or Loss Prevention Engineers, Risk Consultants. The major industrial market is the Oil and Gas sector including exploration, production, refining, distribution, chemical processing & storage, engineering and consulting, project engineering, safety experts, fire & safety regulatory bodies.

Table of Contents

Preface About the Author 1 Introduction 1.1 Fire, Explosions, and Environmental Pollution 1.2 Historical Background 1.3 Legal Influences 1.4 Hazards and Their Prevention 1.5 Risk Management and Insurance 1.6 Senior Management Responsibility and Accountability 2 Overview of Oil and Gas Facilities 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Exploration 2.3 Production 2.4 Enhanced Oil Recovery 2.5 Transportation 2.6 Refining 2.7 Typical Refinery Process Flow 2.8 Marketing 3 Philosophy of Protection Principles 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Legal Obligations 3.3 Insurance Recommendations 3.4 Company and Industry Standards 3.5 Worst Case Condition 3.6 Independent Layers of Protection 3.7 Design Principles 3.8 Accountability and Auditability 4 Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons 4.1 Introduction 4.2 General Description of Hydrocarbons 4.3 Characteristics of Hydrocarbons 4.4 Flash Point 4.5 Autoignition Temperature 4.6 Vapor Density Ratio 4.7 Vapor Pressure 4.8 Specific Gravity 4.9 Flammable 4.10 Combustible 4.11 Heat of Combustion 4.12 Some Common Hydrocarbons 5 Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Releases, Fires, and Explosions 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Hydrocarbon Releases 5.3 Gaseous Releases 5.4 Mists or Spray Releases 5.5 Liquid Releases 5.6 Nature and Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Combustion 5.7 Hydrocarbon Fires 5.8 Deliberate Terrorist Explosions 5.9 Semi-Confined Explosion Overpressures 5.10 Vapor Cloud Overpressures 5.11 Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions 5.12 Smoke and Combustion Gases 5.13 Mathematical Consequence Modeling 5.14 Methods of Extinguishing Flames 5.15 Incident Scenario Development 5.16 Terminology of Hydrocarbon Explosions and Fires 6 Historical Survey of Fire and Explosions in the Hydrocarbon Industries 6.1 Introduction 6.2


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© William Andrew 2011
William Andrew
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About the Author

Dennis P. Nolan

Dr. Dennis P. Nolan has had a long career devoted to risk engineering, fire protection engineering, loss prevention engineering and systems safety engineering. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Business Administration from Berne University, Master of Science degree in Systems Management from Florida Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Fire Protection Engineering from the University of Maryland. He is a U.S. registered professional engineer in fire protection engineering in the state of California.He is currently on the Executive Management staff of Saudi Aramco, located in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, as a Loss Prevention Consultant/Chief Fire Prevention Engineer. He covers some of the largest oil and gas facilities in the world. As part of his career, he has examined oil production, refining, and marketing facilities under severe conditions and in various unique worldwide locations, including Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Russia, and North and South America. His activity in the aerospace field has included engineering support for the NASA Space Shuttle launch facilities at Kennedy Space Center (and for those undertaken at Vandenburg Air Force Base, California) and “classified” national defense systems. Dr. Nolan has received numerous safety awards and is a member of the American Society of Safety Engineers, He is the author of many technical papers and professional articles in various international fire safety publications. He has written at least four books, several published by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Loss Prevention Manager and Chief Fire Prevention Engineer, Saudi Aramco