Description

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles: for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities is a general engineering handbook that provides an overview for understanding problems of fire and explosion at oil, gas, and chemical facilities. This handbook offers information about current safety management practices and technical engineering improvements. It also provides practical knowledge about the effects of hydrocarbon fires and explosions and their prevention, mitigation principals, and methodologies. This handbook offers an overview of oil and gas facilities, and it presents insights into the philosophy of protection principles. Properties of hydrocarbons, as well as the characteristics of its releases, fires and explosions, are also provided in this handbook. The book includes chapters about fire- and explosion-resistant systems, fire- and gas-detection systems, alarm systems, and methods of fire suppression. The handbook ends with a discussion about human factors and ergonomic considerations, including human attitude, field devices, noise control, panic, and security. People involved with fire and explosion prevention, such as engineers and designers, will find this book invaluable.

Key Features

  • A unique practical guide to preventing fires and explosions at oil and gas facilities, based on the author’s extensive experience in the industry
  • An essential reference tool for engineers, designers and others facing fire protection issues
  • Based on the latest NFPA standards and interpretations

Readership

Fire Protection Engineers, Health, Safety and Environment professionals, Safety or Loss Prevention Engineers, Risk Consultants. The major industrial market is the Oil and Gas sector including exploration, production, refining, distribution, chemical processing & storage, engineering and consulting, project engineering, safety experts, fire & safety regulatory bodies.

Table of Contents

Preface About the Author 1 Introduction     1.1 Fire, Explosions, and Environmental Pollution     1.2 Historical Background     1.3 Legal Influences     1.4 Hazards and Their Prevention     1.5 Risk Management and Insurance     1.6 Senior Management Responsibility and Accountability 2 Overview of Oil and Gas Facilities     2.1 Introduction     2.2 Exploration     2.3 Production     2.4 Enhanced Oil Recovery     2.5 Transportation     2.6 Refining     2.7 Typical Refinery Process Flow     2.8 Marketing 3 Philosophy of Protection Principles     3.1 Introduction     3.2 Legal Obligations     3.3 Insurance Recommendations     3.4 Company and Industry Standards     3.5 Worst Case Condition     3.6 Independent Layers of Protection     3.7 Design Principles     3.8 Accountability and Auditability 4 Physical Properties of Hydrocarbons     4.1 Introduction     4.2 General Description of Hydrocarbons     4.3 Characteristics of Hydrocarbons     4.4 Flash Point     4.5 Autoignition Temperature     4.6 Vapor Density Ratio     4.7 Vapor Pressure     4.8 Specific Gravity     4.9 Flammable     4.10 Combustible     4.11 Heat of Combustion     4.12 Some Common Hydrocarbons 5 Characteristics of Hydrocarbon Releases, Fires, and Explosions     5.1 Introduction     5.2 Hydrocarbon Releases     5.3 Gaseous Releases     5.4 Mists or Spray Releases     5.5 Liquid Releases     5.6 Nature and Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Combustion     5.7 Hydrocarbon Fires     5.8 Deliberate Terrorist Explosions     5.9 Semi-Confined Explosion Overpressures     5.10 Vapor Cloud Overpressures     5.11 Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions     5.12 Smoke and Combustion Gases     5.13 Mathematical Consequence Modeling     5.14 Methods of Extinguishing Flames     5.15 Incident Scenario Development     5.16 Terminology of Hydrocarbon Explosions and Fires 6 Historical Survey of Fire and Explosions in the Hydrocarbon Industries     6.1 Introduction     6.2

Details

No. of pages:
340
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
Print ISBN:
9781437778571
Electronic ISBN:
9781437778588