Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication

Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication

A Practical Guide to Optical Networking

4th Edition - August 9, 2013

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  • Editor: Casimer DeCusatis
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124016958
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124016736

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The 4th edition of this popular Handbook continues to provide an easy-to-use guide to the many exciting new developments in the field of optical fiber data communications. With 90% new content, this edition contains all new material describing the transformation of the modern data communications network, both within the data center and over extended distances between data centers, along with best practices for the design of highly virtualized, converged, energy efficient, secure, and flattened network infrastructures. Key topics include networks for cloud computing, software defined networking, integrated and embedded networking appliances, and low latency networks for financial trading or other time-sensitive applications. Network architectures from the leading vendors are outlined (including Smart Analytic Solutions, Qfabric, FabricPath, and Exadata) as well as the latest revisions to industry standards for interoperable networks, including lossless Ethernet, 16G Fiber Channel, RoCE, FCoE, TRILL, IEEE 802.1Qbg, and more.

Key Features

  • Written by experts from IBM, HP, Dell, Cisco, Ciena, and Sun/ Oracle
  • Case studies and ‘How to...’ demonstrations on a wide range of topics, including Optical Ethernet, next generation Internet, RDMA and Fiber Channel over Ethernet
  • Quick reference tables of all the key optical network parameters for protocols like ESCON, FICON, and SONET/ATM and a glossary of technical terms and acronyms


Optical fiber communication network engineers and designers; R&D engineers; optical equipment developers

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the Fourth Edition

    A Historical View of Fiber Data Communications

    Part I: Technology Building Blocks

    Chapter 1. Transforming the Data Center Network

    1.1 Properties of a network reference architecture

    1.2 Next-generation data center networks


    Chapter 2. Transceivers, Packaging, and Photonic Integration

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Transceivers

    2.3 System-level integration

    2.4 Future trends in electro-optical packaging


    Chapter 3. Plastic Optical Fibers for Data Communications

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 A POF taxonomy

    3.3 PMMA-SI-POF

    3.4 PF-GI-POF


    Chapter 4. Optical Link Budgets

    4.1 Fundamentals of fiber optic communication links

    4.2 Basic link budget analysis for network designers

    4.3 Figures of merit

    4.4 Advanced link budget analysis: Optical power penalties

    4.5 Link budgets with optical amplification


    Additional references

    Optical link budget models and specifications available online

    References on Reflection Noise

    Case Study. Deploying Systems Network Architecture (SNA) in IP-Based Environments: The Mainframe Network as a TCP/IP Server



    Factors contributing to the continued use of SNA

    How do we modernize SNA to SNA over IP?

    SNA over IP networks



    Chapter 5. Optical Wavelength-Division Multiplexing for Data Communication Networks

    5.1 Basics of wavelength-division multiplexing

    5.2 WDM systems and networks

    5.3 Optical transport network


    Case Study. A More Reliable, Easier to Manage TS7700 Grid Network


    TS7700 grid network

    High availability

    The XYZ Company’s TS7700 integrated grid


    Chapter 6. Passive Optical Networks (PONs)

    6.1 Passive optical networks

    6.2 Relevant PON variants and standards

    6.3 PON deployment references


    Part II: Protocols and Industry Standards

    Chapter 7. Manufacturing Environmental Laws, Directives, and Challenges

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Worldwide environmental directives, laws, and regulations

    7.3 Restriction of hazardous substances


    Case Study. Energy Efficient Networking for Data Centers

    Chapter 8. Fibre Channel Standard

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Fibre Channel overview and basic structure

    8.3 Storage area networks

    8.4 How Fibre Channel leverages optical data communications

    8.5 Summary

    Web resources and references

    Chapter 9. Lossless Ethernet for the Data Center

    9.1 Introduction to classic Ethernet

    9.2 Ethernet physical layer

    9.3 Gigabit Ethernet

    9.4 Lossless Ethernet


    Case Study. FCoE Delivers a Single Network for Simplicity and Convergence

    Chapter 10. Metro and Carrier Class Networks: Carrier Ethernet and OTN

    10.1 Evolution: The roots of modern networks

    10.2 Ethernet virtual LANs

    10.3 Network evolution using carrier class Ethernet and OTN

    10.4 Carrier Ethernet: Standardized services, scalable, reliable, quality of service, and service management

    10.5 Optical transport networking: A transparent optical protocol

    10.6 The packet-optical network


    Chapter 11. InfiniBand, iWARP, and RoCE

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 InfiniBand architecture

    11.3 IB network

    11.4 Communication mechanisms

    11.5 Layered architecture

    11.6 RDMA over converged Ethernet (RoCE)

    11.7 8 iWARP


    Part III: Network Architectures and Applications

    Chapter 12. Disaster Recovery and Data Networking

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Data consistency: The BASE-ACID model

    12.3 Examples of BASE-ACID methodology

    12.4 IBM Parallel Sysplex and GDPS

    12.5 Time synchronization in disaster recovery solutions

    12.6 Cloud backup and recovery

    12.7 Container data centers


    Case Study. Using Business Process Modeling Notation and Agile Test-Driven Design Methodology for Business Continuity Planning

    Chapter 13. Network Architectures and Overlay Networks

    13.1 STP and MC-LAG

    13.2 Layer 3 versus Layer 2 designs for cloud computing

    13.3 The Open Data Center Interoperable Network

    13.4 Cisco FabricPath

    13.5 Juniper Qfabric

    13.6 Virtual network overlays



    Chapter 14. Networking for Integrated Systems

    14.1 IBM PureSystems

    14.2 Cisco Virtual Computing Environment and Unified Computing System Solutions

    14.3 Sun/Oracle Exalogic

    14.4 Hewlett-Packard Matrix

    14.5 Hitachi Data Systems Unified Compute Platform

    14.6 Huawei FusionCube


    Case Study. The Network That Won Jeopardy!—Watson Supercomputing

    Case Study. NYSE Euronext Data Center Consolidation Project


    Design considerations



    Chapter 15. Cloud Computing Data Center Networking

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Cloud characteristics

    15.3 Cloud facilities

    15.4 Cloud architecture

    15.5 Cloud computing data center network trends

    15.6 Conclusion



    Chapter 16. Hypervisors, Virtualization, and Networking

    16.1 Virtualization

    16.2 PowerVM

    16.3 VMware

    16.4 Xen

    16.5 Kernel-based virtual machine

    16.6 z/VM

    16.7 Virtual switches


    Case Study. Open Standards for Cloud Networking

    Chapter 17. Software-Defined Networking and OpenFlow

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 SDN architecture I: Overview

    17.3 SDN architecture II: Data plane

    17.4 SDN architecture III: Control plane

    17.5 Example application: WAN TE

    17.6 SDN in optical networks

    17.7 Conclusion


    Chapter 18. Emerging Technology for Fiber Optic Data Communication

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Architecture of all-optical networks

    18.3 Tunable transmitter

    18.4 Tunable receiver

    18.5 Optical amplifier

    18.6 Wavelength multiplexer/demultiplexer

    18.7 Wavelength router

    18.8 Wavelength converter

    18.9 Summary


    Appendix A. Measurement Conversion Tables

    Appendix B. Physical Constants

    Appendix C. The 7-Layer OSI Model

    Appendix D. Network Standards and Data Rates

    Organization of major industry standards



    10G Ethernet WAN PHY

    Ethernet First Mile standards

    Appendix E. Fiber Optic Fundamentals and Laser Safety



Product details

  • No. of pages: 468
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: August 9, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124016958
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124016736

About the Editor

Casimer DeCusatis

Casimer DeCusatis
Dr. Casimer DeCusatis is an IBM Distinguished Engineer and technical executive based in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. He currently serves as Chief Technology Officer for IBM Systems Networking Strategic Alliances, and has played a leading role in developing data center network and I/O solutions, including extended distance connectivity. He is an IBM Master Inventor with over 100 patents, and recipient of several industry awards, including the IEEE Kiyo Tomiyasu Award, the Sigma Xi Walston Chubb Award for Innovation, the EDN Innovator of the Year Award, the Mensa Research Foundation Copper Black Award for Creative Achievement, the Penn State Outstanding Scholar Alumnus Award, and the IEEE/HKN Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer award (including a citation from the President of the United States and an American flag flown in his honor over the U.S. Capitol). He is co-author of more than 120 technical papers, book chapters, and encyclopedia articles, and editor of the Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication (now in its 4rd edition). He is a member of the IBM Academy of Technology and co-leader of the Academy study “Innovation Ecosystems”. Dr. DeCusatis received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, N.Y.) in 1988 and 1990, respectively, and the B.S. degree magna cum laude in the Engineering Science Honors Program from the Pennsylvania State University (University Park, PA) in 1986. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, Optical Society of America, and SPIE (the international optical engineering society), a member of the Order of the Engineer, Tau Beta Pi, Eta Kappa Nu, Mensa, and various other professional organizations and honor societies (http://www.decusatis.net/casimer/ ); he was recognized as one of Sigma Xi’s Distinguished Members during their 125th anniversary celebration. He is also Founder and Director of Hudson Valley FIRST Lego League (http://www.facebook.com/HudsonValleyFLL) which offers over 1,000 students each year the opportunity to pursue their interest in science and technology. His discussions on data networking are available on Twitter (@Dr_Casimer) or his data networking blog (https://www-304.ibm.com/connections/blogs/DCN/ ).

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Engineer, IBM Corporation

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