Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Theory and Technology

1st Edition - May 4, 2013

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  • Editor: Michael Gasik
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080977669
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080977539

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Description

This handbook gathers, reviews and concisely presents the core principles and varied technology involved in processing ferroalloys. Background content in thermodynamics, kinetics, heat and mass transfer is accompanied by an overview of electrical furnaces theory and practice as well as sustainability issues. The work includes detailed coverage of the major technologies of ferrosilicon, ferronickel, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, ferrovanadium, ferromanganese and lesser known minor ferroalloys. Distilling the results of many years' experience in ferroalloys, Michael Gasik has assembled contributions from the worlds' foremost experts. The work is therefore a unique source for scientists, engineers and university students, exploring in depth an area which is one of the most versatile and increasingly used fields within modern metallurgy.

Key Features

  • All-in-one source for the major ferroalloys and their metallurgical processing technologies, cutting research time otherwise spent digging through old handbooks or review articles.
  • In-depth discussion of the C, Si, Al-reduction, groups II-VIII of the periodic table, supporting analysis of metallurgical processing.
  • Contemporary coverage includes environment and energy saving issues.

Readership

Graduate metallurgists and related areas of study. Metallurgist, materials engineer, industrial chemist, process engineer, mechanical engineer, thermal engineer

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contributors

    Section I: General

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 Introduction to Ferroalloys

    1.2 The Scope and Structure of the Book

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 2. Basics of Ferroalloys

    2.1 Introduction: Background for Ferroalloys Development and Production

    2.2 Ferroalloys in the Development of Steels

    2.3 A Case: Ferroalloys for Stainless Steels

    2.4 Recent Ferroalloys Production and Markets Development

    2.5 Energy and Emissions Issues of the Ferroalloys Industry

    2.6 Future Outlook for the Ferroalloys Industry

    References

    Chapter 3. Theory of Ferroalloys Processing

    3.1 General Theory of the Processes of Ferroalloys Production

    3.2 Ferroalloys Components and Their Properties

    References

    Chapter 4. Ferroalloys Processing Equipment

    4.1 Introduction to Ferroalloys Processing Technology

    4.2 Equipment for Furnace Feed Processing

    4.3 Downstream Processing

    4.4 Other Furnaces for Ferroalloys Processing

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 5. Electric and Thermal Operations of Furnaces for Ferroalloys Production

    5.1 Introduction to Furnace Operations for Ferroalloys Processing

    5.2 Basics of Electric Circuit Theory

    5.3 Ferroalloy Smelting Furnaces as Electrical Circuits

    5.4 Modes of Heat Dissipation in Furnaces

    5.5 Electric Operations and Control of the Furnace

    5.6 Environmental Issues of Ferroalloys Furnace Operations

    References

    Section II: Major (bulk) Ferroalloys

    Chapter 6. Ferrosilicon and Silicon Technology

    6.1 Introduction to Silicon and Its Ferroalloys

    6.2 Raw Materials, Silicon, and Ferrosilicon Compositions

    6.3 Silicon and Ferrosilicon Smelting Technology

    6.4 Casting and Refining Operations

    6.5 Energy Savings and Environmental Issues in Silicon and Ferrosilicon Production

    References

    Chapter 7. Manganese Ferroalloys Technology

    7.1 Introduction to Manganese Ferroalloys

    7.2 Properties of Manganese and Its Compounds

    7.3 Manganese Ores Processing and Reduction

    7.4 Manganese Ferroalloys

    7.5 Smelting Technologies for Manganese Alloys

    7.6 Technology of Ferromanganese

    7.7 Refining Operations for Low-Carbon Manganese Ferroalloys

    7.8 Manganese Ferroalloys Postprocessing

    7.9 Nitrided Manganese Ferroalloys

    7.10 Energy Use in Manganese Ferroalloys Processing

    7.11 Potential Hazards of Operations

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 8. Technology of Chromium and Its Ferroalloys

    8.1 Properties of Chromium

    8.2 Chromium Raw Materials and Their Processing

    8.3 Chromium Ferroalloys Technology

    8.4 Production of Metallic Chromium and Its Alloys by Aluminum Reduction

    8.5 Environmental Issues of Chromium and Its Ferroalloys Processing

    References

    Chapter 9. High Carbon Ferrochrome Technology

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Technology Routes for the Production of High Carbon Ferrochrome

    9.3 Post Tap Hole Practices and Product Types

    9.4 Environmental Control and Occupational Health

    References

    Section III: Minor Ferroalloys

    Chapter 10. Technology of Ferronickel

    10.1 Properties of Nickel and Its Compounds

    10.2 Nickel Raw Materials

    10.3 Ferronickel Smelting and Refining

    References

    Chapter 11. Technology of Tungsten Ferroalloys

    11.1 Properties of Tungsten and Its Compounds

    11.2 Minerals, Ores, and Concentrates of Tungsten

    11.3 Technology for Producing Ferrotungsten

    References

    Chapter 12. Technology of Molybdenum Ferroalloys

    12.1 Properties of Molybdenum and Its Compounds

    12.2 Minerals, Ores, and Concentrates of Molybdenum

    12.3 Oxidative Roasting of Molybdenite Concentrates

    12.4 Technology for Producing Ferromolybdenum

    References

    Chapter 13. Technology of Vanadium Ferroalloys

    13.1 Properties of Vanadium and Its Compounds

    13.2 Sources of Vanadium

    13.3 Treatment of Vanadium Raw Materials

    13.4 Technology of Ferrovanadium

    13.5 Technology of Other Ferrovanadium Alloys

    13.6 The Technology of Nitrided Ferrovanadium

    References

    Chapter 14. Technology of Niobium Ferroalloys

    14.1 Properties of Niobium

    14.2 Sources of Niobium and Its Reduction

    14.3 Technology of Niobium Ferroalloys

    References

    Chapter 15. Technology of Titanium Ferroalloys

    15.1 Properties of Titanium and Its Compounds

    15.2 Sources of Titanium and Methods of Its Reduction

    15.3 Technology of Titanium Ferroalloys

    References

    Chapter 16. Technology of Zirconium Ferroalloys

    16.1 Properties of Zirconium and Its Main Compounds

    16.2 Sources of Zirconium and Its Reduction

    16.3 Technology of Zirconium Ferroalloys

    References

    Chapter 17. Boron Ferroalloys

    17.1 Properties of Boron and Its Compounds

    17.2 Boron Sources and Its Reduction

    17.3 Technology of Boron Alloys

    References

    Chapter 18. Technology of Ferroalloys with Rare-Earth Metals

    18.1 Properties of Rare-Earth Metals and Their Compounds

    18.2 Minerals, Ores, and Concentrates of Rare-Earth Metals

    18.3 Technology for Producing Ferroalloys with REM

    References

    Chapter 19. Technology of Ferroalloys with Alkaline-Earth Metals

    19.1 Calcium and Its Alloys

    19.2 Magnesium

    19.3 Strontium

    19.4 Barium

    19.5 Metallurgical Lime

    References

    Chapter 20. Complex Ferroalloys and Other Master Alloys

    20.1 Complex Ferroalloys

    20.2 Ferroalloys with Nonmetallic Elements

    20.3 Exothermic Ferroalloys

    References

    General References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2013
  • Published: May 4, 2013
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080977669
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080977539

About the Editor

Michael Gasik

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Materials Science and Engineering, Aalto University, Aalto, Finland

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  • Deon J. Tue Mar 22 2022

    Excellent and comprehensive textbook covering

    Excellent and comprehensive textbook covering all areas of ferroally production.