High-precision cleaning is required across a wide range of sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor / electronics, etc.

In this reference work, John Durkee provides a comprehensive guide to all the main materials and reagents involved in the cleaning of surfaces, providing key data alongside practical guidance on applications and techniques and advice about health and environmental aspects.

This handbook is a reference guide that covers all solvent types in industrial use for surface cleaning applications. Durkee's comprehensive coverage includes the cleaning solvents of the past (hydrocarbon), present (halogenated including fluorinated and iodated), and future (binary azeotropes and ionic liquids), including underused cleaning agents (e.g. oxygenated).

The spectrum of information included starts with synthesis methods, supplies the normal physical properties (e.g. surface tension), explains the current applications and potential uses, and provides thorough safety, environmental, and health information.

Key Features

  • A compendium of technical information about all solvents in use in precision cleaning applications; provides basic data for design and troubleshooting of any solvent cleaning system.
  • The most complete published data on binary azeotropes and their properties, enabling the selection of specific binary azeotropes for replacement of single solvents about which there are safety, health, and environmental concerns.
  • Up-to-date coverage of environmental concerns about each type of solvent.


Engineers and scientists involved in precison cleaning across sectors including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor / electronics, etc.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Solvents and Cleaning
Chapter 3 Hydrocarbon Solvents
Chapter 4 Aromatic and Cyclic Solvents
Chapter 5 Industrial Refined Solvents
Chapter 6 Soy-Based Solvents
Chapter 7 Terpene-Based Solvents (and Stereochemistry)
Chapter 8 Lactic Acid Based Solvents
Chapter 9 Cleaning Tests with Plant-Based Solvents
Chapter 10 Oxygenated Solvents
Chapter 11 Ether Solvents
Chapter 12 Alcohol Solvents
Chapter 13 Glycol Solvents
Chapter 14 Glycol Ether Solvents
Chapter 15 Glycol Ether
Chapter 16 Ester Solvents
Chapter 17 Ketone Solvents
Chapter 18 Acid Solvents
Chapter 19 Dibasic Acid Ester Solvents
Chapter 20 Chlorinated Solvents
Chapter 21 Brominated Solvents
Chapter 22 Fluorinated Solvents
Chapter 23 Nitrogen Based Solvents
Chapter 24 Silicon Based Solvents
Chapter 25 Specialty Solvents
Chapter 26 Ionic liquids
Chapter 27 Solvent Azeotropes
Appendix Database of Binary Azeotropes


No. of pages:
© 2021
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the author

John Durkee

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant in Cleaning Technology and Processes, Texas, USA