Handbook of Clay Science

Handbook of Clay Science

1st Edition - May 9, 2006

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  • Editors: Faïza Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080457635

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The first general texts on clay mineralogy and the practical applications of clay, written by R.E. Grim, were published some 40-50 years ago. Since then, a vast literature has accumulated but this information is scattered and not always accessible. The Handbook of Clay Science aims at assembling the scattered literature on the varied and diverse aspects that make up the discipline of clay science. The topics covered range from the fundamental structures (including textures) and properties of clays and clay minerals, through their environmental, health and industrial applications, to their analysis and characterization by modern instrumental techniques. Also included are the clay-microbe interaction, layered double hydroxides, zeolites, cement hydrates, genesis of clay minerals as well as the history and teaching of clay science. No modern book in the English language is available that is as comprehensive and wide-ranging in coverage as the Handbook of Clay Science.In providing a critical and up-to-date assessment of the accumulated information, this will serve as the first point of entry into the literature for both newcomers and graduate students, while for research scientists, university teachers, industrial chemists, and environmental engineers the book will become a standard reference text.

Key Features

* Presents contributions from 66 authors from 18 different countries who have come together to produce the most comprehensive modern handbook on clay science
* Provides up-to-date concepts, properties, and reactivity of clays and clay minerals in a one-stop source of information
* Covers classical and new environmental, industrial, and health applications of clays, as well as the instrumental techniques for clay mineral analysis
* Combines geology, mineralogy, crystallography with physics, geotechnology, and soil mechanics together with inorganic, organic, physical, and colloid chemistry for a truly multidisciplinary approach


Newcomers and graduate students, research scientists, university teachers, industrial chemists and environmental engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgements.
    List of contributors.
    Foreword (R. Kühnel).
    1. General Introduction Clays, Clay Minerals, and Clay Science (F. Bergaya, G. Lagaly).
    2. Structures and Mineralogy of Clay Minerals (M.F. Brigatti, E. Galan, B.K.G. Theng).
    3. Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals (R.A. Schoonheydt, C. Johnston).
    4. Synthetic Clay Minerals and Purification of Natural Clays (K.A. Carrado et al.).
    5. Colloid Clay Science (G. Lagaly).
    6. Mechanical Properties of Clays and Clay Minerals (R. Pusch).
    7. Modified Clays and Clay Minerals (F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly).
    7.1. Acid Activation of Clay Minerals (P. Komadel, J. Madejová).
    7.2. Thermally Modified Clay Minerals (L. Heller-Kallai).
    7.3. Clay Mineral-Organic Interactions (G. Lagaly, M. Ogawa, I. Dékány).
    7.4. Clay Minerals and the Origin of Life (A. Brack).
    7.5. Pillared Clays and Clay Minerals (F. Bergaya, A. Aouad, T. Mandalia).
    8. Properties and Behavior of Iron in Clay Minerals (J. Stucki).
    9. Clays, Microorganisms and Biomineralisation (K. Tazaki).
    10. Clays in Industry (F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly).
    10.1. Conventional Applications (C.A. Harvey, G. Lagaly).
    10.2. Clay Minerals as Catalysts (J. Adams, R. McCabe).
    10.3. Clay Mineral and Organoclay - Polymer Nanocomposites (E. Ruiz-Hitzky, A. Van Meerbeek).
    11. Clays, Environment and Health (F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly).
    11.1. Clays and Clay Minerals for Pollution Control (G.J. Churchman et al.).
    11.2. Clays and Pesticides (S. Nir et al.).
    11.3. Clay Liners and Waste Disposal (K. Czurda).
    11.4. Clays and Nuclear Waste Management (R. Pusch).
    11.5. Clays and Human Health (M.I. Carretero, C. Gomes, F. Tateo).
    11.6. Clays and Clay Minerals as Drugs (M.T. Droy Lefaix, F. Tateo).
    12. Critical Assessment of Some Analytical Techniques (F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly).
    12.1. Mössbauer Spectroscopy (E. Murad).
    12.2. Identification and Quantitative Analysis of Clay Minerals (J. Srodon).
    12.3. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (W.P. Gates).
    12.4. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (H. Seyama, M. Soma, B.K.G. Theng).
    12.5. Small Angle Scattering Techniques (D. Tchoubar, N. Cohaut).
    12.6. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (S. Petit).
    12.7. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (J. Sanz).
    12.8. Electron Microscopy (F. Elsass).
    12.9. Surface Area and Porosity (L. Michot, F. Villieras).
    12.10. Cation and Anion Exchange (F. Bergaya, G. Lagaly, M. Vayer).
    12.11. Thermal Analysis (F. Rouquérol, J. Rouquérol, P. Llewellyn)
    13. Some Other Materials Related to Clays (F. Bergaya, B.K.G. Theng, G. Lagaly).
    13.1. Layered Double Hydroxides (C. Forano et al.).
    13.2. Parallels and Distinctions between Clay Minerals and Zeolites (D. Bisch).
    13.3. Cement Hydrates (H. Van Damme, A. Gmira).
    14. Genesis of Clay Minerals (E. Galan).
    15. History of Clay Science: A Young Discipline (F. Bergaya, G. Lagaly, K. Beneke).
    16. Teaching Clay Science: A Great Perspective (R. Berry, F. Bergaya, G. Lagaly).
    Subject Index.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1248
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2006
  • Published: May 9, 2006
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080457635

About the Editors

Faïza Bergaya

Dr Faiza Annabi-Bergaya obtained a Licence-ès-Science in Physical-Chemistry from the University of Tunis in 1966, a first PhD in Inorganic Chemistry in 1971 from University La Sorbonne-Paris VI and a second PhD in Physics in 1978 from the University of Orleans (France). She started her career in 1971 at the CNRS from which she is presently Emeritus Research Director. Her research interest is focused on the Physics and Chemistry of clays and clay minerals. She is member of the AIPEA Nomenclature Committee. She was Secretary of the ECGA in 1999-2003. As President of the GFA (French Clay Group) in 2003-2007, she created the annual meetings of the GFA, organizing the first two meetings in Orleans. She launched the Series Developments in Clay Science with the publication in 2006 of Volume 1 (Handbook of Clay Science) and she is Series Editor since 2013. She is Editor-in-Chief of Applied Clay Science since 2012.

Affiliations and Expertise

CNRS, Interfaces, Confinement, Matériaux et Nanostructures (ICMN) Orléans, France

B.K.G. Theng

Affiliations and Expertise

Landcare Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand

G. Lagaly

Affiliations and Expertise

Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Kiel, Germany

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