Handbook of Cane Sugar Engineering

Handbook of Cane Sugar Engineering

1st Edition - January 1, 1960

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  • Author: E. Hugot
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274942

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Handbook of Cane Sugar Engineering focuses on the technologies, equipment, methodologies, and processes involved in cane sugar engineering. The handbook first underscores the delivery, unloading, and handling of cane, cane carrier and knives, and tramp iron separators. The text then examines crushers, shredders, combinations of cane preparators, and feeding of mills and conveying bagasse. The manuscript takes a look at roller grooving, pressures in milling, mill speeds and capacity, and mill settings. Topics include setting of feed and delivery openings and trash plate, factors influencing capacity, formula for capacity, fiber loading, tonnage records, linear speed and speed of rotation, sequence of speeds, hydraulic pressure, and types of roller grooving. The book then elaborates on electric and turbine mill drives, mill gearing, construction of mills, extraction, milling control, purification of juice, filtration, evaporation, sugar boiling, and centrifugal separation. The handbook is a valuable source of data for engineers involved in sugar cane engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the First French Edition

    Preface to the English Edition

    Translator's Foreword

    List of Books and Journals Cited in References

    Abbreviations Used

    Units of Measurement

    1. Delivery, Unloading and Handling of Cane

    Organisation of Cane Supply Throughout the Day

    Unloading of Cane

    Cane Handling Equipment

    Lateral Feeding Tables and Carriers

    2. The Cane Carrier

    3. Cane Knives

    4. Tramp Iron Separators

    5. Crushers


    Types of Crusher

    Inclination of the Housing




    Mean Power Absorbed and Power to be Installed

    Double Crusher

    Three Roller Crusher

    6. Shredders



    7. The Combinations of Cane Preparators

    8. Feeding of Mills and Conveying of Bagasse

    9. Roller Grooving


    Types of Roller Grooving

    Wear of Rollers

    10. Pressures in Milling

    I. Hydraulic Pressure


    Piping for Hydraulic Pressure

    Hydraulic Pump

    Caps and Hydraulic Pistons

    Maximum Values of the Hydraulic Pressure

    Maximum Values of Total Pressure

    II. Pressure Considered from the Operating Viewpoint

    Measure of the Pressure on the Bagasse

    Specific Pressure

    Resolution of the Pressures in the Mill while Operating


    Relation Between the Compression of the Bagasse and the Pressure Necessary to Effect It

    Graph of Pressure in the Mill

    Calculation of the Resultant Reaction

    Calculation of the Maximum Compression C

    Calculation of Settings

    Hydraulic Pressure and Maximum Pressure

    Ratio Between Feed and Delivery Pressures

    Friction of Brasses in Housings

    Pinion Reaction

    Mean Values of the t.h.p

    Variation of Extraction as a Function of the Pressure

    Sequence of Pressures in the Train

    Variation of Hydraulic Pressure as Function of the Length of the Tandem

    Recent Researches and Discoveries

    11. Mill Speeds

    Linear Speed and Speed of Rotation

    Maximum Speeds

    Sequence of Speeds

    12. Mill Capacity


    Factors influencing Capacity

    Capacity Formulae Proposed

    Formula for Capacity

    Fibre Loading


    13. Mill Settings


    I. Setting of Feed and Delivery Openings

    Java Method

    Method of Calculating Operating Openings

    II. Setting of the Trash Plate

    14. Power Requirements of Mills

    15. Steam Engines for Mill Drives

    16. Electric and Turbine Mill Drives

    Electric Drive

    Direct Drive by Steam Turbine

    17. Mill Gearing

    18. Construction of Mills

    19. Imbibition

    20. Extraction

    21. Milling Control

    22. Fine Bagasse Separators

    23. Purification of Juice

    Clarification of Juices

    24. Defecation

    25. Sulphitation

    26. Clarification with Phosphoric Acid

    27. Carbonatation

    28. Subsidation

    A. Defecators

    B. Decanters

    C. Clarifiers or Subsiders

    29. Juice Heating

    30. Filtration

    Filter Presses

    Mechanical or Leaf Filters

    Continuous Rotary Vacuum Filters

    31. Evaporation


    Multiple Effect Evaporation


    Construction of Multiple Effects

    Circulation of Vapour


    Incondensable Gases

    Juice Circulation


    Inversion Losses

    Heat Losses


    Prevention of Scaling

    Operation in Parallel

    Vapour Bleeding




    Operation of Multiple Effects

    Heating Surface

    Calculations and Design of a Multiple Effect

    Multiple Effect Calculations

    Evaporator Operation

    Special Multiple Effects

    Evaporation Under Pressure

    32. Sugar Boiling

    Vacuum Pans

    Effects of Hydrostatic Pressure

    Circulation of the Massecuite

    Evaporation Coefficient

    Steam for Heating

    Steam Consumption at the Pan Stage

    Heating Surface and Ratio Heating Surface to Volume

    Height of Massecuite, Circulation, Heating Surface and Graining Volume

    Capacity of Pans

    Sugar Boiling Procedures

    Distribution of the Pans Between the Various Massecuites


    Conduct of the Sugar Boiling

    Disposition of C Sugar

    A and B Massecuites

    Pan Feed

    Storage Tanks for Syrups and Molasses

    Proportions of Syrup and Molasses

    Pans with Mechanical Circulation

    Boiling House Recovery

    33. Crystallisation

    Types of Crystalliser

    34. Centrifugal Separation

    A. Water Turbines

    B. Belt-Driven Centrifugals

    C. Electrically Driven Centrifugals

    Operation of Centrifugals

    35. Storage and Drying of Sugar

    36. Sugar

    37. Molasses

    38. Vacuum Equipment

    The Condenser

    Air Pumps

    The Barometric Column

    Water Pumps

    Spray Ponds

    Jet Condensers

    Steam Ejector Condensers

    39. Steam Production



    Combustion of Bagasse

    Fuels Other than Bagasse


    The Grate

    Horseshoe Furnace

    Ward Furnace

    Heating Surface

    Superheat and Superheaters



    Boiler Settings



    Boiler Feed Water

    Steam Accumulators

    Steam-Reducing Valves


    Types of Boiler

    Construction of Boilers

    Maintenance of Boilers

    Steam Balance

    40. Steam Engines

    41. Steam Turbines

    Concise Theory of the Steam Turbine

    42. Electricity


    Electric Motors



    43. Pumps

    A. Reciprocating Pumps

    B. Centrifugal Pumps

    C. Rotary Pumps

    44. Fluid Flow in Pipes

    A. Flow of Water

    B. Flow of Steam

    45. Lubricants

    46. Buildings

    47. Lay-Out of a Factory

    48. Accounting in the Sugar Factory

    Conversion Tables - Metric to British Units

    Conversion Tables - British to Metric Units

    Equivalents of Foreign, British and Metric Units

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 892
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1960
  • Published: January 1, 1960
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274942

About the Author

E. Hugot

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