Description

Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources, including the power industry, and medical and scientific research institutions, presenting a range of challenges in dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver of the development of advanced conditioning technologies.

The Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. The book opens with an introductory chapter on radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies. Part one reviews the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction, incineration and plasma treatment, as well as encapsulation methods such as cementation, calcination and vitrification. This coverage is extended in part two, with in-depth reviews of the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning, including geopolymers, glass and ceramic matrices for nuclear waste immobilisation, and waste packages and containers for disposal. Finally, part three reviews the long-term performance assessment and knowledge management techniques applicable to both spent nuclear fuels and solid radioactive waste forms.

With its distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies is a standard reference for all radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options available and under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive wastes
  • Explores radioactive waste characterisation and selection of conditioning technologies including the development of advanced materials for radioactive waste conditioning
  • Assesses the main radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies, including volume reduction techniques such as compaction

Readership

All radioactive waste management professionals, radiochemists, academics, and researchers involved in the development of the nuclear fuel cycle

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Chapter 1: Radioactive waste characterization and selection of processing technologies

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Radioactive waste classification

1.3 Radioactive waste characterization

1.4 Radioactive waste processing

1.5 Selection of conditioning technologies

1.6 Sources of further information and advice

1.7 Acknowledgements

Part I: Radioactive waste treatment processes and conditioning technologies

Chapter 2: Compaction processes and technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste

Abstract:

2.1 Applicable waste streams in compaction processes and technology

2.2 Compaction processes and technology

2.3 End waste forms and quality control of compaction processes

2.4 Pre-treatment in compaction processes

2.5 Secondary wastes of compaction processes and technology

2.6 Advantages and limitations of compaction processes and technoligy

2.7 Future trends

2.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 3: Incineration and plasma processes and technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Applicable waste streams in incineration processes and technology

3.3 Incineration process and technology

3.4 Plasma process and technology

3.5 End waste form and quality control in incineration (plasma) processes

3.6 Advantages and limitations of incineration (plasma) processes

3.7 Future ternds

3.8 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Application of inorganic cements to the conditioning and immobilisation of radioactive wastes

Abstract:

4.1 Overview

4.2 Manufacture of Portland cement

4.3 Application of Portland cement

4.4 Hydration of Portla

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857090959
Print ISBN:
9781845696269
Print ISBN:
9780081014950

About the editor

Michael Ojovan

Dr Michael I. Ojovan is an Associate Professor (Reader) in Materials Science and Waste Immobilisation at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK

Reviews

A comprehensive and valuable reference book written by a team of outstanding experts, dealing with one of the most critical aspects of nuclear power generation: the safe and sound management of the radioactive waste., Dr Rudolf Burcl, European Commission, JRC - Institute for Energy, Petten, The Netherlands
Woodhead Publishing has commissioned recognized world experts in reporting on the latest radioactive waste conditioning technologies for this valuable new book., Gary A. Benda, Deputy Managing Director and Chairman, Program Advisory Committee, WM Symposia, USA