Hand and Brain

Hand and Brain

The Neurophysiology and Psychology of Hand Movements

1st Edition - June 17, 1996

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  • Editors: Patrick Haggard, J. Flanagan
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080532745

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Used for gestures of communication, environmental exploration, and the grasping and manipulating of objects, the hand has a vital role in our lives. The hand's anatomical structure and neural control are among the most complex and detailed of human motor systems.Hand and Brain is a comprehensive overview of the hand's sensorimotor control. It discusses mediating variables in perception and prehension, the coordination of muscles with the central nervous system, the nature of movement control and hand positioning, hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping, and the sensory function of the hand.In the last decade the rapid growth of neuroscience has been paralleled by a surge of interest in hand function. This reflects the fact that many of the fundamental issues facing neuroscientists today--including the problem of relating physiology to behavior--are central to the study of sensorimotor control of the hand. This book takes a broad interdisciplinary perspective on the control of hand movements that includes neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, psychology and neuropsychology, and biomechanics.The authors, who have all made significant scientific contributions in their own right, have sought to introduce their chosen topics in a manner that the undergraduate reader will be able to follow without sacrificing detailed and up-to-date coverage ofthe major developments.

Key Features

Uses an interdisciplinary approach including behavioral and neurophysiological data
Describes a variety of experimental methodologies
Treats neural computations necessary for the control of movement
Covers implications of biomechanics for control, sensory mechanisms, and perceptual processing (haptics)
Includes manipulative hand function as well as reaching
Overviews each group of chapters using link sections
Contains an integrated index and a glosssary
The five sections cover:
Mediating variables in perception and prehension
The coordination of muscles with the central nervous system
The nature of movement control and hand positioning
Hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping
The sensory function of the hand


Researchers, academic professionals, and students interested in hand movement and control. Cognitive psychologists, kinesthesiologists, neuroscientists, researchers in human factors, perception, and sport psychology, and mechanical engineers.

Table of Contents

  • The Hand in Action: J.R. Flanagan, P. Haggard, and A.M. Wing,<$> The Task at Hand. M.A. Goodale, L.S. Jakobson, and P. Servos,<$> The Visual Pathways Mediating Perception and Prehension. The Motor Hand:<$> M.-C. Hepp-Reymond, E.J. Huesler, and M.A. Maier,<$> Precision Grip in Humans: Temporal and Spatial Synergies. J. Fridén and R.L. Lieber,<$> Muscle Architecture Basis for Neuromuscular Control of the Forearm and Hand. M.H. Schieber,<$> Individuated Finger Movements: Rejecting the Labeled-Line Hypothesis. E.M. Rouiller,<$> Multiple Hand Representations in the Motor Cortical Areas. J. Armand, E. Olivier, S.A. Edgley, and R.N. Lemon,<$> The Structure and Function of the Developing Corticospinal Tract: Some Key Issues. Hand Positioning in Reaching:<$> J.F. Soechting, D.C. Tong, and M. Flanders,<$> Frames of Reference in Sensorimotor Integration: Position Sense of the Arm and Hand. D.A. Rosenbaum, R.G.J. Meulenbroek, and J. Vaughan,<$> Three Approaches to the Degrees of Freedom Problem in Reaching. C. Ghez, S. Cooper, and J. Martin,<$> Kinematic and Dynamic Factors in the Coordination of Prehension Movements. F. Lacquaniti,<$> Neural Control of Limb Mechanics for Visuomanual Coordination. Hand-Arm Coordination in Reach and Grasp:<$> T. Iberall and A.H. Fagg,<$> Neural Network Models for Selecting Hand Shapes. Y. Paulignan and M. Jeannerod,<$> Prehension Movements: The Visuomotor Channels Hypothesis Revisited. M. Wiesendanger, O. Kazennikov, S. Perrig, and P. Kaluzny,<$> Two Hands--One Action: The Problem of Bimanual Coordination. A.M. Wing,<$> Anticipatory Control of Grip Force in Rapid Arm Movement. The Sensorimotor Hand:<$> C.E. Chapman, F. Tremblay, and S.A. Ageranioti-Bélanger,<$> Role of Primary Somatosensory Cortex in Active and Passive Touch. L. Jones,<$> Proprioception and Its Contribution to Manual Dexterity. A.B. Vallbo and J. Wessberg,<$> Proprioceptive Mechanisms and the Control of Finger Movements. R.S. Johansson,<$> Sensory Control of Dexterous Manipulation in Humans. J.R. Flanagan,<$> Action-Perception Coupling in Judgments of Hand-Held Loads. S.J. Lederman and R.L. Klatzky,<$> Action for Perception: Manual Exploratory Movements for Haptically Processing Objects and Their Features. References. Glossary. Index.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 513
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1996
  • Published: June 17, 1996
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080532745

About the Serial Editors

Patrick Haggard

Patrick Haggard is Lecturer in Psychobiology in the Department of Psychology, University College, London. He obtained his Ph.D. at the Medical Research Council Applied Psychology Unit in Cambridge, for studies of the coordination of human reaching and grasping movements. He then worked in the Physiology Department of Oxford University, studying the neural mechanisms underlying voluntary movement in normal subjects and neurological patients. His current research centers on neurophysiological and behavioral measurement of the information-processing involved in human arm movements.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of College London, U.K.

J. Flanagan

Randy Flanagan is at the Department of Psychology, Queen's University at Kingston, Canada. His research interests include visuomotor control, the control of manipulation, and modeling of motor control processes. He has worked previously at Teachers College, Columbia University, and at the MRC Applied Psychology Unit in Cambridge where he held a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship. He completed his graduate studies at McGill University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

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