Habituation, Sensitization, and Behavior

Habituation, Sensitization, and Behavior

1st Edition - January 28, 1984

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  • Editor: Harman Peeke
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148566

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Description

Habituation, Sensitization, and Behavior reviews some of the important advances that have been made toward understanding the mechanisms underlying, and the significance of, the phenomena traditionally associated with habituation, sensitization, and behavior in intact organisms. Habituation and sensitization are used to refer to underlying theoretical processes, and behavior changes are described at the response level. Comprised of 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of approaches, constructs, and terminology used in the study of response change in the intact organism. The discussion then turns to a two-factor dual-process theory of habituation and sensitization, together with a theory of the mechanism of habituation that emphasizes the assignment of responses to stimuli. Subsequent chapters explore the link between memory and habituation; statistical strategies for analyzing repeated-measures data; cellular approaches used in the analysis of habituation and sensitization in Aplysia; and intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of habituation and sensitization. The habituation of central nervous system evoked potentials is also considered, with particular reference to intrinsic habituation in the neocortex, allocortex, and mesencephalon. The final chapter is devoted to evolutionary determination of response likelihood and habituation. This monograph should be of interest to practitioners in the fields of behavioral biology, psychobiology, psychology, and psychiatry.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    1. Approaches, Constructs, and Terminology for the Study of Response Change in the Intact Organism

    I. Introduction

    II. Level of Constructs

    III. Operations and Terminology: Sources of Confusion

    IV. Associative and Nonassociative Learning: Short- and Long-Term Effects of Experience

    V. The Field and the Laboratory

    VI. Summary

    References

    Part I Theory and Methods

    2. A Two-Factor Dual-Process Theory of Habituation and Sensitization

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Developments

    III. Habituation of White-crowned Sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli) to Playback of Territorial Song

    IV. Two-Factor Dual-Process Theory

    References

    3. A Theory of the Mechanism of Habituation: The Assignment of Responses to Stimuli

    I. Introduction

    II. The Primary-Comparator Model

    III. Applications of the Model

    IV. Discussion

    Appendix: Glossary of Symbols

    References

    4. Memory and Habituation

    I. Introduction

    II. SOP: A Theory of Automatic Memory Processing

    III. Analysis of Transient Response Depression

    IV. Associative Basis of Durable Response Decrements

    V. Concurrent Stimulation and Habituation

    VI. Effects of Stimulus Intensity and Interstimulus Interval

    VII. Conditioned Modulation of the Unconditioned Response

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    5. An Evaluation of Statistical Strategies to Analyze Repeated-Measures Data

    I. Introduction

    II. Statistical Procedures Used to Detect Response Changes

    III. Methods to Detect Stimulus Generalization, Dishabituation, and Spontaneous Recovery

    IV. Additional Problems

    V. Strategy of this Chapter

    VI. Simulated Data

    VII. Real Data

    VIII. Discussion

    IX. Recommendations

    X. Approaches to Theory Construction

    References

    Part II Basic Processes

    6. An Introduction to Cellular Approaches Used in the Analysis of Habituation and Sensitization in Aplysia

    I. Introduction

    II. Behavioral Approaches

    III. Cellular Approaches

    IV. Relationship between Simple Forms of Nonassociative and Associative Learning

    V. Summary and Perspectives

    References

    7. Habituation of Central Nervous System Evoked Potentials: Intrinsic Habituation Examined in Neocortex, Allocortex, and Mesencephalon

    I. Introduction

    II. The Experimental Preparations

    III. Tissue Preparation

    IV. Experimental Design

    V. Results: Intrinsic Habituation in the Central Nervous System

    VI. Discussion

    References

    8. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Mechanisms of Habituation and Sensitization: Implications for the Design and Analysis of Experiments

    I. Introduction

    II. Response Decrement and Response Increment of Acoustic Startle

    III. Modulatory Pathways

    IV. Summary Analysis of Response Change during Stimulus Repetition

    References

    9. Do Human Evoked Potentials Habituate?

    I. Introduction

    II. Human Evoked Potentials

    III. Methodological Problems

    IV. Recovery Cycles of Evoked-Potential Components

    V. Operational Definition of Habituation: Which Parameters Differentiate Habituation and Recovery?

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Part III Functional Processes

    10. Predator-Prey Behavior and Habituation

    I. Introduction

    II. Habituation to Predators in Nature

    III. Habituation Experiments

    IV. Habituation and Acoustic Alarm Communication

    V. Habituation of Predators' Fear of Prey

    References

    11. Habituation and the Maintenance of Territorial Boundaries

    I. Introduction

    II. Fish and Birds

    III. Territoriality

    IV. Establishment and Defense of Territory

    V. Waning of Conspecific Aggression: Minimal Definitional Requirements for Habituation

    VI. Habituation of Aggression in Fish

    VII. Habituation of Aggression in Birds

    VIII. Response Variability and Contemporary Habituation Theory: The Interaction of Incremental and Decremental Processes

    IX. State Change and Sensitization

    X. State Change, Sensitization, and the Reproductive Cycle

    XI. Motivational Specificity, General Arousal, and Sensitization: The Redirection of Behavior

    XII. Response-Independent Habituation

    XIII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    12. Evolutionary Determination of Response Likelihood and Habituation

    I. Introduction

    II. The Problem of Aggression

    III. Evolutionary Stability of the Probability of Attack

    IV. Evolutionary Control of the Magnitude of Damage

    V. Some Applications of the Theory

    VI. Reencounters: An Evolutionary Basis for Dominance

    VII. Territorial Defense

    VIII. Probabilistic Information

    IX. Conclusion

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 486
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: January 28, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148566

About the Editor

Harman Peeke

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