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Habituation, Sensitization, and Behavior reviews some of the important advances that have been made toward understanding the mechanisms underlying, and the significance of, the phenomena traditionally associated with habituation, sensitization, and behavior in intact organisms. Habituation and sensitization are used to refer to underlying theoretical processes, and behavior changes are described at the response level.
Comprised of 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of approaches, constructs, and terminology used in the study of response change in the intact organism. The discussion then turns to a two-factor dual-process theory of habituation and sensitization, together with a theory of the mechanism of habituation that emphasizes the assignment of responses to stimuli. Subsequent chapters explore the link between memory and habituation; statistical strategies for analyzing repeated-measures data; cellular approaches used in the analysis of habituation and sensitization in Aplysia; and intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of habituation and sensitization. The habituation of central nervous system evoked potentials is also considered, with particular reference to intrinsic habituation in the neocortex, allocortex, and mesencephalon. The final chapter is devoted to evolutionary determination of response likelihood and habituation.
This monograph should be of interest to practitioners in the fields of behavioral biology, psychobiology, psychology, and psychiatry.
1. Approaches, Constructs, and Terminology for the Study of Response Change in the Intact Organism
II. Level of Constructs
III. Operations and Terminology: Sources of Confusion
IV. Associative and Nonassociative Learning: Short- and Long-Term Effects of Experience
V. The Field and the Laboratory
Part I Theory and Methods
2. A Two-Factor Dual-Process Theory of Habituation and Sensitization
II. Historical Developments
III. Habituation of White-crowned Sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli) to Playback of Territorial Song
IV. Two-Factor Dual-Process Theory
3. A Theory of the Mechanism of Habituation: The Assignment of Responses to Stimuli
II. The Primary-Comparator Model
III. Applications of the Model
Appendix: Glossary of Symbols
4. Memory and Habituation
II. SOP: A Theory of Automatic Memory Processing
III. Analysis of Transient Response Depression
IV. Associative Basis of Durable Response Decrements
V. Concurrent Stimulation and Habituation
VI. Effects of Stimulus Intensity and Interstimulus Interval
VII. Conditioned Modulation of the Unconditioned Response
5. An Evaluation of Statistical Strategies to Analyze Repeated-Measures Data
II. Statistical Procedures Used to Detect Response Changes
III. Methods to Detect Stimulus Generalization, Dishabituation, and Spontaneous Recovery
IV. Additional Problems
V. Strategy of this Chapter
VI. Simulated Data
VII. Real Data
X. Approaches to Theory Construction
Part II Basic Processes
6. An Introduction to Cellular Approaches Used in the Analysis of Habituation and Sensitization in Aplysia
II. Behavioral Approaches
III. Cellular Approaches
IV. Relationship between Simple Forms of Nonassociative and Associative Learning
V. Summary and Perspectives
7. Habituation of Central Nervous System Evoked Potentials: Intrinsic Habituation Examined in Neocortex, Allocortex, and Mesencephalon
II. The Experimental Preparations
III. Tissue Preparation
IV. Experimental Design
V. Results: Intrinsic Habituation in the Central Nervous System
8. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Mechanisms of Habituation and Sensitization: Implications for the Design and Analysis of Experiments
II. Response Decrement and Response Increment of Acoustic Startle
III. Modulatory Pathways
IV. Summary Analysis of Response Change during Stimulus Repetition
9. Do Human Evoked Potentials Habituate?
II. Human Evoked Potentials
III. Methodological Problems
IV. Recovery Cycles of Evoked-Potential Components
V. Operational Definition of Habituation: Which Parameters Differentiate Habituation and Recovery?
Part III Functional Processes
10. Predator-Prey Behavior and Habituation
II. Habituation to Predators in Nature
III. Habituation Experiments
IV. Habituation and Acoustic Alarm Communication
V. Habituation of Predators' Fear of Prey
11. Habituation and the Maintenance of Territorial Boundaries
II. Fish and Birds
IV. Establishment and Defense of Territory
V. Waning of Conspecific Aggression: Minimal Definitional Requirements for Habituation
VI. Habituation of Aggression in Fish
VII. Habituation of Aggression in Birds
VIII. Response Variability and Contemporary Habituation Theory: The Interaction of Incremental and Decremental Processes
IX. State Change and Sensitization
X. State Change, Sensitization, and the Reproductive Cycle
XI. Motivational Specificity, General Arousal, and Sensitization: The Redirection of Behavior
XII. Response-Independent Habituation
XIII. Summary and Conclusions
12. Evolutionary Determination of Response Likelihood and Habituation
II. The Problem of Aggression
III. Evolutionary Stability of the Probability of Attack
IV. Evolutionary Control of the Magnitude of Damage
V. Some Applications of the Theory
VI. Reencounters: An Evolutionary Basis for Dominance
VII. Territorial Defense
VIII. Probabilistic Information
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1984
- 28th January 1984
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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