Guitarrero Cave

Guitarrero Cave

Early Man in the Andes

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editor: Thomas F. Lynch
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483257952

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Guitarrero Cave: Early Man in the Andes is a product of the environmental approach to archeology that had its beginnings in postwar Britain. Guitarrero Cave is a key site for reconstructing the way of life of the early inhabitants of South America and the survey results about the cave demonstrate the long history, continuity, and even conservatism that characterize Andean culture. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 12 chapters. Part I describes the stratigraphy, chronology, setting, and excavation activities of the cave. This part also presents the results of pollen and paleoenthnobotanical analysis, along with the vegetation and land use near Guitarrero Cave. The subsequent parts explore the plant and faunal remains, as well as the archaeological findings, specifically the bone, wood tools, cordage, basketry, and textiles of ancient Andes settlers. The last part examines Guitarrero cave in its Andean Context. This book will be of value to archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, and researchers.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    I The Site: Its Relationships with the Environment, Past and Present

    1 Setting and Excavations

    The Larger Setting

    Guitarrero Cave: The Site



    2 Stratigraphy and Chronology

    Complex I

    Complex P

    Complex II

    Complex II?

    Complex III

    Complex IV

    3 Pollen Analysis and Paleoethnobotany

    Pollen Zonation and Inferred Paleoenvironment

    Chronology and Correlations

    Paleoethnobotanical Speculations

    Appendix Sedimentological Analysis of Pollen Samples

    Sampling and Laboratory Procedure


    4 Vegetation and Land Use near Guitarrero Cave

    Land Use on the Cordillera Negra Slope

    Vegetation of the Valley Bottom

    Reconstruction of the Original Vegetation

    Land-Use History


    II Prehistoric Use and Modification of Plants and Animals

    5 Plant Remains from Guitarrero Cave

    Current Farming Patterns

    The Archaeological Plant Remains

    Method of Study

    The Plant Remains

    The Significance of the Plant Remains

    Origins of Cultivated Plants in South America

    Significance of the Guitarrero Cave Deposit in Highland Peruvian



    6 Ancient Peruvian Highland Maize

    Methods of Study

    Maize Remains in Complex III

    Maize Remains from Complex IV




    7 Variation in the Cultivated Beans

    8 The Faunal Remains

    The Faunal Sample

    Methods of Evaluation

    Characterization of the Guitarrero Fauna

    Characterization of the Faunal Remains of Other Sites in the Callejón De Huaylas

    Comparison With Other Highland Sites

    Dietary Reconstruction

    Distribution of Skeletal Elements

    Evidence of Animal Domestication


    Appendix Land Snails

    III The Artifacts

    9 Artifacts Made from Stone and Other Inorganic Materials

    Projectile Points

    Other Bifacial Artifacts

    Scrapers and Perforators

    Heavy Scrapers and Choppers




    Possible Grinding Stone

    Scratched and Grooved Rocks

    Spheroidal Stones

    Beads and Pendants

    Miscellaneous Decorative Items

    Notes on Ceramics


    10 Done and Wood Tools

    Bone Artifacts

    Wooden Artifacts


    11 Cordage, Basketry, and Textiles


    Internal Correlations

    External Correlations


    Internal Correlations

    External Correlations



    IV Guitarrero Cave in Perspective

    12 Guitarrero Cave in Its Andean Context


Product details

  • No. of pages: 350
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483257952

About the Editor

Thomas F. Lynch

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