Guide to the Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128054123, 9780128094235

Guide to the Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines

1st Edition

Authors: Johannes Fink
eBook ISBN: 9780128094235
Paperback ISBN: 9780128054123
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 15th April 2016
Page Count: 266
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Description

Guide to Practical Use of Chemicals in Refineries and Pipelines delivers a well-rounded collection of content, references, and patents to show all the practical chemical choices available for refinery and pipeline usage, along with their purposes, benefits, and general characteristics.

Covering the full spectrum of downstream operations, this reference solves the many problems that engineers and managers currently face, including corrosion, leakage in pipelines, and pretreatment of heavy oil feedstocks, something that is of growing interest with today's unconventional activity.

Additional coverage on special refinery additives and justification on why they react the way they do with other chemicals and feedstocks is included, along with a reference list of acronyms and an index of chemicals that will give engineers and managers the opportunity to recognize new chemical solutions that can be used in the downstream industry.

Key Features

  • Presents tactics practitioners can use to effectively locate and utilize the right chemical application specific to their refinery or pipeline operation
  • Includes information on how to safely perform operations with coverage on environmental issues and safety, including waste stream treatment and sulfur removal
  • Helps readers understand the composition and applications of chemicals used in oil and gas refineries and pipelines, along with where they should be applied, and how their structure interacts when mixed at the refinery

Readership

Refinery Managers, Pipeline Managers, Production Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Process Engineers, Operations Managers, and Petroleum Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    • How to Use This Book
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I: Pipeline Chemicals
    • Chapter 1: General Aspects of Pipelines
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 History
      • 1.2 Media to Be Transported
      • 1.3 Testing and Design of Pipelines
      • 1.4 Standards
    • Chapter 2: Leakage in Pipelines
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Simulation Methods
      • 2.2 Leakage of Polymer Supports
      • 2.3 Leakage of Steel Systems
      • 2.4 Leak Detection Technology
      • 2.5 Formation of Coatings
    • Chapter 3: Pretreatment Methods
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Gases
      • 3.2 Heavy Crude Oils
      • 3.3 General Aspects of Pretreatment
    • Chapter 4: Gas Hydrate Inhibition
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Characterization Methods
      • 4.2 Gas Hydrate Formation
      • 4.3 Hydrate Control
      • 4.4 Transporting Hydrates in Suspension
    • Chapter 5: Corrosion in Pipelines
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 History
      • 5.2 Test Methods
      • 5.3 Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects
      • 5.4 Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
      • 5.5 Corrosion Inhibition Methods
      • 5.6 Corrosion Control
      • 5.7 Classification of Corrosion Inhibitors
      • 5.8 Inhibitors for Special Tasks
      • 5.9 Erosion
    • Chapter 6: Drag Reduction and Flow Improvement
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 History
      • 6.2 Operating Costs
      • 6.3 General Theoretical Aspects
      • 6.4 Classes of Drag Reducers
      • 6.5 Mechanism of Drag Reducers
      • 6.6 Drag-Reducer Chemicals
    • Chapter 7: Pipeline Cleaning
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 Pigs
      • 7.2 Deposition of Paraffins
      • 7.3 Pipeline Cleaning Chemicals
      • 7.4 Scale Inhibition
      • 7.5 Dewatering
      • 7.6 Debris Removal in Subsea Pipelines
    • Chapter 8: Safety Aspects for Pipelines
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Odorization
  • Part II: Refinery Chemicals
    • Chapter 9: Refinery and Feedstocks
      • Abstract
      • 9.1 Processes in a Refinery
      • 9.2 Classification of Petroleum
      • 9.3 Quality of Refinery Feedstocks
      • 9.4 Protection Against Ignition
      • 9.5 Compatibility of Additives
      • 9.6 Aromatic Compounds
      • 9.7 Sulfur Content
      • 9.8 Fouling Deposits
      • 9.9 Monitoring Catalyst Requirements
      • 9.10 Heavy Hydrocarbon Contamination
    • Chapter 10: Special Refinery Additives
      • Abstract
      • 10.1 Acetylenic Surfactants
      • 10.2 Gelling Agents
      • 10.3 Conductivity Additives
      • 10.4 Environmental Catalysis
    • Chapter 11: Processes
      • Abstract
      • 11.1 Typical Processes in a Refinery
      • 11.2 Desalting of Crude Oil
      • 11.3 Fouling Mitigation
      • 11.4 Polar Molecule Contaminants
      • 11.5 Soaps From Chemical Pulping
      • 11.6 Catalytic Reforming
      • 11.7 Methanol Refinery
      • 11.8 Hybrid Refinery
      • 11.9 Pretreatment of Heavy Oils
      • 11.10 Recovery of Aromatics
      • 11.11 Recovery of Hydrogen
      • 11.12 Cracking
      • 11.13 Coking
      • 11.14 Olefin and Reformate Production
    • Chapter 12: Safety Aspects for Refineries
      • Abstract
      • 12.1 Estimates of Emissions
      • 12.2 Waste Stream Treatment
      • 12.3 Sulfur Removal
      • 12.4 Selenium Removal
      • 12.5 Nickel Removal
      • 12.6 Spent Refinery Catalysts
      • 12.7 Water Networks
      • 12.8 Special Aspects
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
266
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Gulf Professional Publishing 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Gulf Professional Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780128094235
Paperback ISBN:
9780128054123

About the Author

Johannes Fink

Dr. Fink is a Professor of Macromolecular Chemistry at Montanuniversit Leoben, Austria.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Macromolecular Chemistry, Montanuniversität Leoben, Austria