While food safety agencies have been focused on producer, processor, retail and restaurant food safety, the industry that moves the food has been largely overlooked. Trucks and containers used to move food are commonly used to move chemicals and other adulterants during back haul operations. Truck drivers desiring to save on fuel costs turn off refrigeration units needed to keep temperatures under control. Transpacific shipping containers are held up by incoming customs inspectors because of a lack of proper paperwork. Truck trailers used on farms are not cleaned after moving produce from the field to the packing house. Harvest bins are never cleaned or sanitized after being stacked in the field after the harvest season is over.

Such food safety transportation abuses are the result of generations of practice that has focused on how the food looks in order to make it sell rather than a concern for consumer health. Data highlighted over the past ten or so years has brought increasing attention to food supply safety. This attention and a lack of government oversight have resulted in multiple but non-standardized approaches to food safety that is inspection dependent.

This book provides a sound foundation for the improvement of the transportation sector responsible for the movement of food. It focuses specifically on the food movers normally overlooked by today’s food safety auditors, compliance schemes, government agencies, quality control personnel and transportation executives. It is intended to outline delivery control solutions and to provide basic standards designed to protect the transportation industry as well as addressing problems associated with food transportation and practical solutions are focused on container sanitation and traceability food safety and quality needs.

Table of Contents



Chapter one. Introduction to Transporter Container Sanitation, Traceability and Temperature Controls


Inspection as the Primary Basis for Food Quality and Safety

The Need for Technology and Hard Data to Enter the Certification Arena

Moving to Measurement and Causal Analysis


Risk Factors in Real Time

The Forgotten Element: Food on the Move

Some Definitions

International Guidance Related to Food Safety in Transportation Processes

Chapter two. Current and Emerging Transportation Food Safety Models


Return on Investment and Financial Benefits for Emerging Transportation Monitors

Basic Traceability and Monitoring Models

Examples of Transportation Process Quality Measurement

Inter- and Intra-State Shipping

Air and Ocean Food Shipments

Emerging Monitoring Models: Intelligent Delivery Control Systems, RFID, ILC and RH

ILC Devices

RFID Systems

Other Radiofrequency Systems

Sanitation Issues

Automation in Interior Wash and Sanitation


Chapter three. Introduction to In-Transit Food Safety Auditing and Standards


Quality in Food Safety Transportation

Internal Audits and Teams: Organizing for System Implementation

Continuous Improvement Team Concepts

Internal Audit Team Causal Analysis and Management Reporting

External Audits and Auditors

In-transit Standards: Introduction and Organization

Certification Rules

Certification Categories

Chapter four. System Management and Record Keeping


Management System (M)

M 101 Food In-Transit Policy

M 102 Manual

M 103 Organization Chart

M 104 Assignment of Responsibility

M 105 Annual Review (Monitoring)

Ambient Atmosphere


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© 2014
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:
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About the author

John M. Ryan

Dr. John Ryan was the Administrator for the Hawaii State Department of Agriculture's Quality Assurance Division. He was responsible for developing food safety and traceability systems within the state of Hawaii. Dr. Ryan piloted the USA's first farm-to-fork award winning internet-enabled RFID food traceability system and one of America's early high-technology sensor based temperature control supply chain food safety system. He has recently worked with a number of international companies to establish real-time international food traceability that reports trans-Pacific transportation temperatures and tests for bacteria, explosives and container tampering. He spent two years as co-team leader for President Obama's FDA/CDC Information Technology team and also served on the FDA Performance Management and Standards Developments team. He is the president of Ryan Systems, located in Canyon Lake, CA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ryan Systems, Inc. Palm Bay, FL, USA


"…summary of methods and standards for maintaining food safety during the transportation phases of its journey from production to consumption. The book begins by introducing transport container sanitation, traceability, and temperature control, current models for monitoring and incentivizing good practice including RFID tracking integrated with multiple condition sensors, and auditing and certifications in the industry.", April 2014