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Groups in Contact - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124977808, 9781483259338

Groups in Contact

1st Edition

The Psychology of Desegregation

Editors: Norman Miller Marilynn B. Brewer
eBook ISBN: 9781483259338
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st April 1984
Page Count: 332
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Groups in Contact: The Psychology of Desegregation uses the contact hypothesis as a point of departure and provides new data obtained in a variety of social contexts. The contact hypothesis states that attitudes toward a disliked social group will become more positive with increased interpersonal interaction. The various chapters provide a picture of the desegregation process as a complex interplay between the cognitive processes within the individual and the structural features of the social environment. What emerges is an expanded theory of contact based on social categorization and social comparison processes. The book is organized into three parts. The chapters in Part I deal with issues of intergroup contact in a wide range of cultures and settings, each focusing on a particular social or political factor that influences receptivity to intergroup interaction and affects its outcomes. The chapters in Part II review the effects of specific interventions that have been introduced into desegregation settings with the intent of improving intergroup acceptance in those settings. Part III provides a systematic integration of the preceding chapters within a common theoretical framework. Although this book is written primarily from the perspective of social psychology, it is intended for students of intergroup relations in all disciplines. It was also written with policymakers, as well as social science researchers, in mind.

Table of Contents




1. The Social Psychology of Desegregation: an Introduction


Overview of the Volume


Part I. Issues In Desegregation Research

2. Cultural Relations in Plural Societies: Alternatives to Segregation and Their Sociopsychological Implications

A Model of Cultural Relations in Plural Societies

The Societal Context of Cultural Relations

Studies of Cultural Contact in Canada


3. Links between Educational Status and Prejudice: Ethnic Attitudes in West Germany



Study I: an Initial Exploration of Cognitive Mediators

Study II: Cognitive and Motivational Factors

Contacts and Attitudes


4. Interethnic Relations and Education: an Israeli Perspective

Historical Background

Course of the Chapter

Patterns of Acceptance and Rejection

Schools before Reform

Introduction of School Integration

Outcomes of the Educational Reform

Integration as a Situational Contingent

Supportive Intervention

A Look to the Future: a Theory of Perceived Inequality


5. The Desegregated School: Problems in Status Power and Interethnic Climate

Academic and Racial Status

The Status Equalization Project

Black Power as a Natural Treatment

Interracial Conflict

The Teacher as a Factor in Classroom Status

Origins of Minority Group Influence



6. Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods


Segregation in Suburbia: Context and Issues

Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods: Initial Response to Black Neighbors

Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods: Long-Term Effects



7. The Trajectory of Local Desegregation Controversies and Whites' Opposition to Busing

Models of Opposition to Busing


Symbolic Racism

An Over-Time Analysis



Part II. Improving Outcomes of Desegregation in Specific Settings

8. Cooperative Interaction in Multiethnic Contexts

A Laboratory Test of the Overall Contact Hypothesis

Cooperation in the Attainment of Personal Goals among Mothers in an Interracial Preschool

Cooperative Interdependence in Ethnically Heterogeneous Classroom Groups

Other Studies of Cooperating Groups in Multiethnic Schools

Experiments on the Determinants of Respect and Liking in Cooperating Interracial Laboratory Groups



9. Goal Interdependence and Interpersonal Attraction in Heterogeneous Classrooms: a Metanalysis

Goal Interdependence

Goal Interdependence and Interpersonal Attraction

Findings from Other Studies

Summary and Conclusions

Practical Implications


Appendix A: Studies Included in Metanalysis: Cross-Ethnic

Appendix B: Studies Included in Metanalysis: Mainstreaming

10. Intergroup Acceptance in Classroom and Playground Settings

Preliminary Field Studies

A Field Experiment


11. The Role of Ignorance in Intergroup Relations

Ignorance and Prejudice: Early Work

Reexamination of Ignorance as a Cause of Prejudice

Causal Model of Ignorance and Prejudice



12. Training for Desegregation in the Military

A Model of Interethnic Behavior

The Response to the Problem: Inception of the Program at the Defense Department

Military Race Relations Training Evaluated


Part III. Conclusion

13. Beyond the Contact Hypothesis: Theoretical Perspectives on Desegregation

Social Identity Theory

Alternative Process Models


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1984
1st April 1984
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

Norman Miller

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, Chief of Division of Addiction Programs, Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

Marilynn B. Brewer

Ratings and Reviews