Groups in Contact

Groups in Contact

The Psychology of Desegregation

1st Edition - April 1, 1984

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  • Editors: Norman Miller, Marilynn B. Brewer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483259338

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Description

Groups in Contact: The Psychology of Desegregation uses the contact hypothesis as a point of departure and provides new data obtained in a variety of social contexts. The contact hypothesis states that attitudes toward a disliked social group will become more positive with increased interpersonal interaction. The various chapters provide a picture of the desegregation process as a complex interplay between the cognitive processes within the individual and the structural features of the social environment. What emerges is an expanded theory of contact based on social categorization and social comparison processes. The book is organized into three parts. The chapters in Part I deal with issues of intergroup contact in a wide range of cultures and settings, each focusing on a particular social or political factor that influences receptivity to intergroup interaction and affects its outcomes. The chapters in Part II review the effects of specific interventions that have been introduced into desegregation settings with the intent of improving intergroup acceptance in those settings. Part III provides a systematic integration of the preceding chapters within a common theoretical framework. Although this book is written primarily from the perspective of social psychology, it is intended for students of intergroup relations in all disciplines. It was also written with policymakers, as well as social science researchers, in mind.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    1. The Social Psychology of Desegregation: an Introduction

    Introduction

    Overview of the Volume

    References

    Part I. Issues In Desegregation Research

    2. Cultural Relations in Plural Societies: Alternatives to Segregation and Their Sociopsychological Implications

    A Model of Cultural Relations in Plural Societies

    The Societal Context of Cultural Relations

    Studies of Cultural Contact in Canada

    References

    3. Links between Educational Status and Prejudice: Ethnic Attitudes in West Germany

    Overview

    Background

    Study I: an Initial Exploration of Cognitive Mediators

    Study II: Cognitive and Motivational Factors

    Contacts and Attitudes

    References

    4. Interethnic Relations and Education: an Israeli Perspective

    Historical Background

    Course of the Chapter

    Patterns of Acceptance and Rejection

    Schools before Reform

    Introduction of School Integration

    Outcomes of the Educational Reform

    Integration as a Situational Contingent

    Supportive Intervention

    A Look to the Future: a Theory of Perceived Inequality

    References

    5. The Desegregated School: Problems in Status Power and Interethnic Climate

    Academic and Racial Status

    The Status Equalization Project

    Black Power as a Natural Treatment

    Interracial Conflict

    The Teacher as a Factor in Classroom Status

    Origins of Minority Group Influence

    Conclusions

    References

    6. Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods

    Introduction

    Segregation in Suburbia: Context and Issues

    Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods: Initial Response to Black Neighbors

    Desegregation of Suburban Neighborhoods: Long-Term Effects

    Discussion

    References

    7. The Trajectory of Local Desegregation Controversies and Whites' Opposition to Busing

    Models of Opposition to Busing

    Self-Interest

    Symbolic Racism

    An Over-Time Analysis

    Discussion

    References

    Part II. Improving Outcomes of Desegregation in Specific Settings

    8. Cooperative Interaction in Multiethnic Contexts

    A Laboratory Test of the Overall Contact Hypothesis

    Cooperation in the Attainment of Personal Goals among Mothers in an Interracial Preschool

    Cooperative Interdependence in Ethnically Heterogeneous Classroom Groups

    Other Studies of Cooperating Groups in Multiethnic Schools

    Experiments on the Determinants of Respect and Liking in Cooperating Interracial Laboratory Groups

    Summary

    References

    9. Goal Interdependence and Interpersonal Attraction in Heterogeneous Classrooms: a Metanalysis

    Goal Interdependence

    Goal Interdependence and Interpersonal Attraction

    Findings from Other Studies

    Summary and Conclusions

    Practical Implications

    References

    Appendix A: Studies Included in Metanalysis: Cross-Ethnic

    Appendix B: Studies Included in Metanalysis: Mainstreaming

    10. Intergroup Acceptance in Classroom and Playground Settings

    Preliminary Field Studies

    A Field Experiment

    References

    11. The Role of Ignorance in Intergroup Relations

    Ignorance and Prejudice: Early Work

    Reexamination of Ignorance as a Cause of Prejudice

    Causal Model of Ignorance and Prejudice

    Conclusion

    References

    12. Training for Desegregation in the Military

    A Model of Interethnic Behavior

    The Response to the Problem: Inception of the Program at the Defense Department

    Military Race Relations Training Evaluated

    References

    Part III. Conclusion

    13. Beyond the Contact Hypothesis: Theoretical Perspectives on Desegregation

    Social Identity Theory

    Alternative Process Models

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: April 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483259338

About the Editors

Norman Miller

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, Chief of Division of Addiction Programs, Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

Marilynn B. Brewer

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