Groundwater Resource Development

Groundwater Resource Development

1st Edition - March 12, 1986

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  • Authors: L Hamill, F G Bell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163130

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Groundwater Resource Development describes the basic steps involved in the development of a groundwater resource in the search for productive aquifers. This book discusses groundwater exploration, construction and testing of water wells, water quality and pollution considerations, and groundwater management. This text is comprised of 10 chapters and begins by presenting the steps in the evaluation, development, and management of an aquifer for water supply. The reader is then introduced to the fundamentals of groundwater, with emphasis on their origin and occurrence as well as the influence of porosity and permeability on groundwater accumulation, migration, and distribution. The chapters that follow focus on groundwater exploration, assessment of aquifer recharge and potential well yield, and factors affecting the quality of groundwater. The issues to be considered in well design and construction are also highlighted, along with aquifer hydraulics and pumping tests, groundwater pollution, and optimum management of groundwater resources. This text concludes with a chapter on techniques used in modeling the response of a groundwater reservoir. This book will be of value to geologists, civil engineers, environmental scientists, mathematicians, chemists, water well contractors, and others involved in the profession of water engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Development of Groundwater Resources

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Establishment of the Requirement

    1.3 Desk Feasibility Study

    1.4 Field Investigation

    1.5 Safeguard of Supply

    1.6 Approximate Cost of Groundwater Development Schemes

    1.7 References

    2 Groundwater: Fundamentals

    2.1 The Origin and Occurrence of Groundwater

    2.2 Porosity and Permeability

    2.3 Flow through Soils and Rocks

    2.4 Fissure Flow

    2.5 Assessment of Permeability

    2.6 Assessment of Flow in the Field

    2.7 Groundwater in Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks

    2.8 Groundwater in Sedimentary Rocks

    2.9 References

    3 Groundwater Exploration

    3.1 The Desk Study and Preliminary Reconnaissance

    3.2 Remote Sensing Imagery and Aerial Photographs

    3.3 Field Exploration

    3.4 Geophysical Exploration

    3.5 Logging of Boreholes or Drillholes

    3.6 Maps

    3.7 References

    4 Assessment of Aquifer Recharge and Potential Well Yield

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The Hydrological Cycle

    4.3 Natural Groundwater Recharge

    4.4 Natural Groundwater Discharge

    4.5 Assessment of Aquifer Recharge and Potential Well Yield

    4.6 Location of Wells for Maximum Yield - Summary of Factors for Consideration

    4.7 References

    5 Groundwater Quality

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Physical Properties of Groundwater

    5.3 Biological Character of Groundwater

    5.4 Chemistry of Groundwater

    5.5 Rock Types and Groundwater

    5.6 Uses of Groundwater

    5.7 Investigation of Groundwater Quality

    5.8 References

    6 Well Design and Construction

    6.1 Well Design and Construction

    6.2 Well Drilling Methods

    6.3 Well Design for Confined and Unconfined Aquifers

    6.4 Selection of a Suitable Well Diameter with Respect to Yield

    6.5 Well Screens

    6.6 Well Straightness, Verticality, Hole Diameter and Formation Fillers

    6.7 Pump Selection and Depth of Setting

    6.8 Details of Well Construction

    6.9 Well Development or Stimulation

    6.10 Artificially Developed Wells-Gravel Packing

    6.11 Well Sterilization

    6.12 Other Types of Well Construction and Practice

    6.13 References

    7 Aquifer Hydraulics and Pumping Tests

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Aquifer Hydraulics

    7.3 Well Hydraulics

    7.4 Well Discharge Equations and the Prediction of the Response of an Aquifer to Pumping

    7.5 Planning a Pumping Test

    7.6 The Conduct of a Pumping Test

    7.7 Correction of Pumping Test Data Prior to Analysis

    7.8 Boundary Analysis Using Image Wells

    7.9 Extension of Pumping Test Data

    7.10 Examples of Pumping Test Analysis

    7.11 References

    8 Groundwater Pollution

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Rock Type, Pollution Potential and Attenuation of a Pollutant

    8.3 Faulty Well Design and Construction

    8.4 Leachate from Refuse Disposal Sites

    8.5 Induced Infiltration

    8.6 Saline Intrusion

    8.7 Nitrate Pollution

    8.8 Other Causes of Pollution

    8.9 Detection of Groundwater Pollution

    8.10 References

    9 Groundwater Management

    9.1 Groundwater Level Considerations

    9.2 Groundwater Monitoring

    9.3 Artificial Recharge

    9.4 Conjunctive Use

    9.5 References

    10 Groundwater Modeling Techniques

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Development of Modeling Techniques and Types of Model Available

    10.3 General Data Requirements of Groundwater Models

    10.4 Finite Difference Groundwater Models

    10.5 The Finite Element Method

    10.6 Other Considerations and Useful Bibliography

    10.7 References

    Appendix I

    Appendix II


Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1986
  • Published: March 12, 1986
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163130

About the Authors

L Hamill

F G Bell

Affiliations and Expertise

Formerly University of Natal, South Africa

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