This volume has been organized for practicing engineers who deal with the problems of groundwater and leachate remediation. It is intended to provide a practical overview of both techniques for evaluating groundwater quality and in selecting remediation technologies that are cost effective. Emphasis is given to advanced remediation methods.


Practicing engineers who deal with the problems of groundwater and leachate remediation.

Table of Contents

1. Principles of Geology Introduction Minerals Carbonates, Sulfates, and Oxides Rock-Forming Silicates Ores Rocks, Their Origin and Properties Igneous Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Weathering Mechanical Weathering Chemical Weathering Basic Soil Concepts Erosion and Deposition Waterborne Deposition Windborne Deposition Glacial Deposits Geological Structure Folding Unconformities Fractures Geologic Time Rock Units Time and Time-Rock Units Geological Maps and Cross Sections Groundwater in Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks Groundwater in Sedimentary Rocks Groundwater in Unconsolidated Sediments Relation Between Geology, Climate, and Groundwater Quality Conclusions 2. Relationship Between Groundwater and Surface Water Introduction Gaining and Losing Streams Bank Storage Effect of the Geologic Framework on Stream Hydrographs Single-Event Hydrograph Separation Techniques Depletion Curves Hydrograph Separation Separation of Complex Hydrographs Hydrograph Separation by Chemical Techniques Computer Separation Programs Groundwater Rating Curve Seepage or Dry Weather Measurements Temperature Surveys Flow-Duration Curves Flow Ratios 3. Principles of Hydrogeology Introduction Precipitation Seasonal Variations in Precipitation


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© 1998
William Andrew
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About the author

Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff

Affiliations and Expertise

United States Agency for International Development