Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128031667, 9780128031674

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities

1st Edition

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies

Editors: Sangam Shrestha Vishnu Pandey Shashidhar Thatikonda Binaya Shivakoti
eBook ISBN: 9780128031674
Paperback ISBN: 9780128031667
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 16th February 2016
Page Count: 542
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Groundwater contributes to the sustainable development of many Asian cities by providing water for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses and regulating ecosystem flows. However, groundwater has not always been properly managed, which often has resulted in depletion and degradation of the resource. Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities presents the up-to-date scientific knowledge on groundwater environment in fourteen Asian cities using Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework. In detail the book presents the facts and figures of groundwater dependency, problems related to groundwater over exploitation, implementation of various policy instruments and management practices and their results in selected fourteen Asian cities, namely; Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Beijing (China), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan), Chitwan (Nepal), Delhi (India), Dili (East Timor), Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam), Hyderabad (India), Khulna (Bangladesh), Lahore (Pakistan), Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan), and Yangon (Myanmar). The book provides the one-step platform to get sufficient details about groundwater aquifers, hydrogeology, groundwater status, impacts on groundwater environment and responses (technology, policy, institutional, etc.) deployed in the case studies cities, and therefore, provides a snap-shot of Asian groundwater environments. The theoretical background of the topics discussed along with the case studies help the readers understand the similarities and differences about the status of groundwater development and use in each city. In addition, the information in the book will serve as a baseline for other research such as mitigation of groundwater related problems (e.g., land subsidence), impact of climate change on groundwater, and importance of groundwater for implementing sustainable development goals in future.

Key Features

  • Presents a framework for evaluating groundwater environment in urban environments
  • Includes case studies and local examples from a broad geographical range of urban environments from virtually every region in Asia, including Bandung, Bangkok, Delhi, Bishkek, Beijing and Tokyo
  • The book will be a valuable resource for groundwater adversaries in the scientific, decision-making and end-user communities, particularly for understanding and assessing state of groundwater resources in the region as well as learning from the responses practiced so far (Dr. Linda Anne Stevenson, APN)
  • The contents in this book are very much useful for informed decision-making for protecting groundwater environemntand therefore contributes in making invisible visible (Dr. Neno Kukuric, IGRAC)
  • With concrete examples and lessons for readers, this book responds to the call for comprehensive research and studies, the implementation of new science-based methodologies and endorsement of principles for groundwater resources management and cities (Dr. Aureli Alice, UNESCO-IHP)
  • As a “Regional Hub for Groundwater Management in the Asia Pacific Region”, IGES finds this book as a very much useful reference for knowledge hub partners, groundwater managers, academic institutions, research scholars, and international organizations working in the areas of groundwater in Asia and beyond (Dr. Hideyuki Mori, IGES)


Environmental and Civil Engineers; Researchers; Groundwater Scientists; Government and Non-Government Organizations

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Foreword
  • Foreword
  • Foreword
  • Foreword
  • Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Section I: Concepts and Methods
    • Chapter 1: Groundwater as an Environmental Issue in Asian Cities
      • Abstract
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Case study cities
      • 1.3. Structure of the book
    • Chapter 2: DPSIR Framework for Evaluating Groundwater Environment
      • Abstract
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Structure of the framework
      • 2.3. Selection of indicators
      • 2.4. Interpreting the results
      • 2.5. Summary
      • Acknowledgment
  • Section II: Groundwater Environment in South Asia
    • Chapter 3: Water Environment in South Asia: An Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 3.1. Physiography and climate
      • 3.2. Socioeconomics and environmental issues
      • 3.3. Water availability and withdrawal
      • 3.4. Case study cities
      • Acknowledgment
    • Chapter 4: Groundwater Environment in Chitwan, Nepal
      • Abstract
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. About the study area
      • 4.3. Drivers
      • 4.4. Pressures
      • 4.5. State
      • 4.6. Impacts
      • 4.7. Responses
      • 4.8. Summary
      • Annex 4.1. Calculation of total amount of groundwater abstraction in Chitwan
    • Chapter 5: Groundwater Environment in Delhi, India
      • Abstract
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. About the city
      • 5.3. Drivers
      • 5.4. Pressures
      • 5.5. State
      • 5.6. Impacts
      • 5.7. Responses
      • 5.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 6: Groundwater Environment in Hyderabad, India
      • Abstract
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. About the city
      • 6.3. Drivers
      • 6.4. Pressures
      • 6.5. State
      • 6.6. Impacts
      • 6.7. Responses
      • 6.8. Conclusions and recommendations
    • Chapter 7: Groundwater Environment in Khulna, Bangladesh
      • Abstract
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Geology, groundwater aquifers, and climate
      • 7.3. Drivers
      • 7.4. Pressures
      • 7.5. State
      • 7.6. Impacts
      • 7.7. Responses
      • 7.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 8: Groundwater Environment in Lahore, Pakistan
      • Abstract
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Surface and groundwater hydrology of the area
      • 8.3. Drivers
      • 8.4. Pressures
      • 8.5. State
      • 8.6. Impacts
      • 8.7. Responses
      • 8.8. Concluding summary and recommendations
  • Section III: Groundwater Environment in Southeast Asia
    • Chapter 9: Water Environment in Southeast Asia: An Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 9.1. Physiography and climate
      • 9.2. Socioeconomics and environmental issues
      • 9.3. Water availability and withdrawal
      • 9.4. Case study cities
      • Acknowledgment
    • Chapter 10: Groundwater Environment in Bandung, Indonesia
      • Abstract
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Geology, aquifers, and groundwater potentials
      • 10.3. Drivers
      • 10.4. Pressures
      • 10.5. State
      • 10.6. Impacts
      • 10.7. Responses
      • 10.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 11: Groundwater Environment in Bangkok and the Surrounding Vicinity, Thailand
      • Abstract
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. About the study area
      • 11.3. Drivers
      • 11.4. Pressures
      • 11.5. State
      • 11.6. Impacts
      • 11.7. Responses
      • 11.8. Summary
    • Chapter 12: Groundwater Environment in Dili, Timor-Leste
      • Abstract
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. About the city
      • 12.3. Drivers
      • 12.4. Pressures
      • 12.5. State
      • 12.6. Impacts
      • 12.7. Responses
      • 12.8. Summary
    • Chapter 13: Groundwater Environment in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
      • Abstract
      • 13.1. Introduction
      • 13.2. About the city
      • 13.3. Drivers
      • 13.4. Pressures
      • 13.5. State
      • 13.6. Impacts
      • 13.7. Responses
      • 13.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
      • Appendix 13.1. Responsibilities of Peoples’ Committee (PC) on water resources
      • Appendix 13.2. Calculation of groundwater reserves
      • Appendix 13.3. Details of groundwater-monitoring wells
    • Chapter 14: Groundwater Environment in Yangon, Myanmar
      • Abstract
      • 14.1. Introduction
      • 14.2. About the city
      • 14.3. Drivers
      • 14.4. Pressures
      • 14.5. State
      • 14.6. Impacts
      • 14.7. Responses
      • 14.8. Conclusions and recommendations
  • Section IV: Groundwater Environment in Central and East Asia
    • Chapter 15: Water Environment in Central and East Asia: An Introduction
      • Abstract
      • 15.1. Physiography and climate
      • 15.2. Socioeconomic and environmental issues
      • 15.3. Water availability and withdrawal
      • 15.4. Case study cities
    • Chapter 16: Groundwater Environment in Beijing, China
      • Abstract
      • 16.1. Introduction
      • 16.2. About the city
      • 16.3. Drivers
      • 16.4. Pressures
      • 16.5. State
      • 16.6. Impacts
      • 16.7. Responses
      • 16.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 17: Groundwater Environment in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
      • Abstract
      • 17.1. Introduction
      • 17.2. About the city
      • 17.3. Drivers
      • 17.4. Pressures
      • 17.5. State
      • 17.6. Impacts
      • 17.7. Responses
      • 17.8. Conclusions and recommendations
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 18: Groundwater Environment in Seoul, Republic of Korea
      • Abstract
      • 18.1. Introduction
      • 18.2. About the city
      • 18.3. Drivers
      • 18.4. Pressures
      • 18.5. State
      • 18.6. Impacts
      • 18.7. Responses
      • 18.8. Conclusions and recommendations
      • Acknowledgment
    • Chapter 19: Groundwater Environment in Tokyo, Japan
      • Abstract
      • 19.1. Introduction
      • 19.2. Geology, groundwater aquifers, and climate
      • 19.3. Drivers
      • 19.4. Pressures
      • 19.5. State
      • 19.6. Impacts
      • 19.7. Responses
      • 19.8. Summary
      • Acknowledgments
  • Annexure 1: About the Editors
  • Annexure 2: About the Authors
  • Index


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About the Editor

Sangam Shrestha

Dr. Shrestha is an Associate Professor of Water Engineering and Management at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand. He is also a Visiting Faculty of the University of Yamanashi, Japan, and Research Fellow of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan. His research interests are within the field of hydrology and water resources including, climate change impact assessment and adaptation in the water sector, integrated water resources management and groundwater assessment and management. Dr. Shrestha has published several papers in peer-reviewed international journals and presented more than three dozen conference papers ranging from hydrological modelling to climate change impacts and adaptation in the water sector. His recent publications include “Climate Change and Water Resources” and “Kathmandu Valley Groundwater Outlook”. His present work responsibilities at AIT include delivering lectures at the postgraduate and undergraduate levels, supervising research to postgraduate students (Masers and Doctoral), and providing consulting services on water related issues to government and donor agencies and research institutions. He has conducted several projects relating to water resources management, climate change impacts, and adaptation with awards from International organisations such as APN, CIDA, EU, FAO, IFS, IGES, UNEP, UNESCO.

Affiliations and Expertise

Water Engineering and Management (WEM), School of Engineering and Technology (SET), Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand

Vishnu Pandey

Dr. Pandey is a Research Fellow and Affiliated Faculty at Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand. Before joining AIT, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher for nearly three years University of Yamanashi in Japan and Research Faculty for nearly two years with Asian Institute of Technology and Management (AITM) in Nepal before joining AIT. Dr. Pandey has received several awards and fellowships and published over two dozen of peer-reviewed journal papers, several book chapters and conference papers. His recent books include “Climate Change and Water Resources” and “Kathmandu Valley Groundwater Outlook”. His core area of research interest and expertise is related to various aspects of groundwater characterization, assessment, and management. His publications related to groundwater include development of groundwater sustainability infrastructure index, evaluation of groundwater environment using DPSIR framework, analyzing hydrogeologic characteristics, estimating groundwater storage potential, and analyzing groundwater markets, among others. Dr. Pandey received B.Eng. (Civil) from Tribhuvan University (Nepal), M.Eng. (Water Engineering and Management) from AIT (Thailand) and PhD (Groundwater Management) from University of Yamanashi (Japan).

Affiliations and Expertise

Water Engineering and Management (WEM) School of Engineering and Technology (SET) Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) P. O. Box 4 Klong Luang Pathumthani 12120 Thailand

Shashidhar Thatikonda

Dr. Shashidhar is an Assistant Professor of Department of Civil Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad. He obtained Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Technology Madras in the year 2006. He was a visiting faculty at Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign and University of Santiago De Compostela, Spain. He has been conducting research and teaching courses related to water resources and environmental engineering since from the year 2001. His research interest includes: In-situ bioremediation of contaminated aquifers, contaminant transport modeling, isotope hydrology, Remote sensing and GIS applications in water resources and hydroclimate. He has several publications in peer-reviewed international journals. Presently working on various research and consultancy projects and studies related to hydrogeology and aquifer mapping, conjunctive use of surface and groundwater, bioremediation of contaminated aquifers, lake studies, floods, hydraulic transients in pipe networks etc. He is a member of state pollution control board and member of board of studies for various universities at India. He received awards such as “Young Engineer” and “Young Engineer of the Year- 2010” from Institute of Engineers India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Water Engineering and Management (WEM) School of Engineering and Technology (SET) Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) P. O. Box 4 Klong Luang Pathumthani 12120 Thailand

Binaya Shivakoti

Dr. Shivakoti has been working at IGES as a water resources specialist since 2010. He has over 10 years of experience in water resources management related projects and interdisciplinary research activities. He has accumulated diverse expertise in different aspects of water including water and sanitation, modeling and water quality assessment, GIS and remote sensing, wastewater management, climate change adaptation, policy assessments, and groundwater management. He has been involved in various projects, knowledge sharing and networking on groundwater thorough the Asia Pacific Water Forum Regional Hub for Groundwater Management which IGES has been mobilizing. He obtained PhD from Kyoto University in 2006 and MSc from Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in 2004.

Affiliations and Expertise

Asia Pacific Water Forum Regional Hub for Groundwater Management Kyoto University Asian Institute of Technology