Groundwater Arsenic Remediation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128012819, 9780128013779

Groundwater Arsenic Remediation

1st Edition

Treatment Technology and Scale UP

Authors: Parimal Pal
eBook ISBN: 9780128013779
Paperback ISBN: 9780128012819
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 20th May 2015
Page Count: 326
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Description

Arsenic abatement from groundwater in locations with a central water distribution system is relatively simple. The real challenge is selecting the most effective and affordable treatment and scale up option for locations which lack the appropriate infrastructure. Groundwater Arsenic Remediation: Treatment Technology and Scale UP provides the latest breakthrough groundwater treatment technologies and modeling and simulation methods for project scale up and eventually field deployment in locations which lack the proper central water distribution system to ensure arsenic free groundwater.

Key Features

  • Covers the different removal methods, such as chemical, adsorption, separation by membranes, and membrane distillation
  • Includes the state-of-the-art modeling & simulation methods for optimization and field deployment
  • Provides economic and comparative analysis of each arsenic treatment technology

Readership

Environmental Engineers, Civil Engineers, Environmental Engineering Technicians and Civil Engineering Technicians.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Introduction to the Arsenic Contamination Problem
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Arsenic chemistry
    • 1.2 Occurrence and causes of arsenic in groundwater
    • 1.3 Regulations and maximum contaminant level of arsenic
    • 1.4 Toxicity and health hazards
    • 1.5 Introduction to methods of arsenic removal
  • Chapter 2: Chemical Treatment Methods in Arsenic Removal
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Different forms of arsenic in groundwater
    • 2.2 Chemical precipitation
    • 2.3 Physical separation
    • 2.4 Modeling and simulation of the physico-chemical processes for scaleup
    • 2.5 Optimization and control of treatment plant operations
    • 2.6 The numerical solution scheme and error monitoring
    • 2.7 Techno-economic feasibility analysis
    • Nomenclature
  • Chapter 3: Adsorption Method of Arsenic Separation from Water
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Adsorption kinetics
    • 3.3 Adsorbents used in arsenic removal
    • 3.4 Synthesis of low-cost adsorbents for arsenic
    • 3.5 Technoeconomic feasibility analysis
    • Nomenclature
  • Chapter 4: Arsenic Removal by Membrane Filtration
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction to arsenic removal by membranes
    • 4.2 Membrane filtration modes, modules, and materials in arsenic separation
    • 4.3 Low-pressure membrane filtration in arsenic removal
    • 4.4 High-pressure membrane filtration in arsenic removal
    • 4.5 Hybrid processes
    • 4.6 Chemical oxidation integrated with flat-sheet cross-flow nanofiltration
    • 4.7 Modeling and simulation of oxidation-nanofiltration hybrid process for scale up
    • 4.8 Optimization and control of membrane-based plant operations
    • 4.9 Technoeconomic feasibility analysis for scale up
    • 4.10 Conclusion
    • Nomenclature
  • Chapter 5: Arsenic Removal by Membrane Distillation
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Principles of Membrane Distillation
    • 5.2 Advantages of membrane distillation
    • 5.3 Limitations of membrane distillation
    • 5.4 Membrane materials
    • 5.5 Membrane Distillation Configurations
    • 5.6 Basic design criteria of membrane modules and changes over time
    • 5.7 Heat transfer in membrane distillation
    • 5.8 Mass transfer in membrane distillation
    • 5.9 Solar-driven membrane distillation in arsenic removal
    • 5.10 Modeling and simulation of a new flash vaporization module for scale up
    • 5.11 Techno-economic feasibility of use of solar membrane distillation
    • Nomenclature
  • Chapter 6: Disposal of Concentrated Arsenic Rejects
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Classification of arsenic-bearing wastes generated in different treatment plants
    • 6.3 Arsenic waste disposal methods
    • 6.4 Conclusion
  • Chapter 7: Arsenic Removal Technologies on Comparison Scale and Sustainability Issues
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Merits and demerits associated with broad arsenic abatement systems
    • 7.3 Comparison of technologies in terms of arsenic removal efficiency
    • 7.4 Comparison of residual generation and disposal methods
    • 7.5 Overall qualitative comparison
    • 7.6 Toward sustainable solutions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
326
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780128013779
Paperback ISBN:
9780128012819

About the Author

Parimal Pal

Professor Parimal Pal Environment Engineering & Membrane Technology Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, West Bengal, India-713209.

Affiliations and Expertise

Environment & Membrane Technology Laboratory, Chemical Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, India