Ground Freezing  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444417824, 9780444601964

Ground Freezing

1st Edition

Editors: Hans L. Jessberger
eBook ISBN: 9780444601964
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 558
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Description

Developments in Geotechnical Engineering Volume 26: Ground Freezing presents the proceedings of the First International Symposium on Ground Freezing, held in Bochum, Germany on March 8-10, 1978. It summarizes progress in the application of the ground freezing technique in geotechnical engineering, with a focus on engineering with frozen soils and related frost research problems. It includes papers that discuss phase transformation of water, thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, and mathematical models. The laboratory and theoretical studies of thermophysical and mechanical properties are discussed as well.
Organized into 43 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the freezing and thawing of soils, earth, and rock, and the engineering applications of the favorable properties of frozen ground. It then discusses the mechanical properties of artificially frozen soil for construction purposes, the principles of mechanical and thermal behavior of frozen soil, and the design and calculation of frozen soil-structures. Furthermore, it explains the calculation and dimensioning of refrigeration plants and monitoring of frost penetration. The methods and instrumentation for determining the locations of boundaries of frozen soils and the factors affecting the formation of soil cryogenic textures upon artificial active and passive soil freezing are described. The book also details the influence of salts in the pore water in freezing soils and explains how clay microstructure affects the amount of unfrozen water. In addition, it presents the physicomechanical and thermomechanical properties of frozen coarse-grained soil with sandy clay aggregate. This book will be a valuable source of information for scientists and engineers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Organizing Committee

General report Session I: Phase transformations

General report Session II: Mechanical properties

General report Session III: Engineering

Effects of temperature and pressure on frost heaving

Effects of initial soil-water conditions on frost heaving characteristics

Frost heave of unsaturated loamy soil under field conditions

Effect of the rate of heat removal on the rate of frost heaving

Effect of freezing and thawing on the permeability and structure of soils

Segregation freezing as the cause of suction force for ice lens formation

Equations of frost propagation in unsaturated porous media

The effect of iteration frequency on a numerical model of near-surface ice segregation

Cryogenic texture and strength aspects of artificially frozen soils

Prediction of salt influence on unfrozen water content in frozen soils

Unfrozen water as a function of clay microstructure

Interrelationship of the principal physicomechanical and thermophysical properties of coarse-grained frozen soils

Ice lens structures, compression strengths and creep behavior of some synthetic frozen silty soils

Creep behaviour of frozen soils in uniaxial compression tests

Creep characteristics of frozen soils

Effect of specimen shape on creep response of a frozen sand

Strain rate effect on the compressive strength of frozen sand

Cyclic triaxial tests on frozen sand

Effect of freeze- thaw cycles on resilient properties of fine-grained soils

Pressure of thawing soils on the concrete lining of vertical mine shafts

Some aspects of artificial thawing of frozen soils

Ice behaviour under load

Thermal and rheological computations for artificially frozen ground construction

Stability of mine workings in frozen soils

Creep stress analysis of frozen soils under multiaxial states of stress

Strength analysis of the frozen-ground enclosure of a low-temperature storage reservoir for liquefied gases

Design of tunnel support systems using ground freezing

Large-scale freezing work for subway construction in Japan

The soil-freezing method for large tunnel constructions

Subway construction in Stuttgart under protection of a frozen soil roof

Ground freezing for support of open excavations

Ground freezing monitoring techniques

Ground consolidation with liquid nitrogen (LN2 )

Uses and limitations of ground freezing with liquid nitrogen

Natural frost in improvement of construction properties of ground in hydroengineering and industrial and civilian construction

Frost protection of railway lines

Jointing of two tunnel shields using artificial underground freezing

Conversion of abandoned collieries in southern Belgium into low-pressure gas storage units, with description of special plugging of the various shafts

Application of the ground-freezing method to penetrate a sequence of water-bearing and dry formations — three construction cases

Construction of a sewer in artificially frozen ground




Details

No. of pages:
558
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444601964

About the Editor

Hans L. Jessberger