Grid Connected Converters

Grid Connected Converters

Modeling, Stability and Control

1st Edition - August 1, 2022

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  • Authors: Hassan Bevrani, Toshiji Kato, Toshifumi Ise, Kaoru Inoue
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999021

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Grid Connected Converters: Modeling, Stability and Control discusses the foundations and core applications of this diverse field, from structure, modeling and dynamic equivalencing through power and microgrids dynamics and stability, before moving on to controller synthesis methodologies for a powerful range of applications. The work opens with physical constraints and engineering aspects of advanced control schemes. Robust and adaptive control strategies are evaluated using real-time simulation and experimental studies. Once foundations have been established, the work goes on to address new technical challenges such as virtual synchronous generators and synergic inertia emulation in response to low inertia challenges in modern power grids.The book also addresses advanced systematic control synthesis methodologies to enhance system stability and dynamic performance in the presence of uncertainties, practical constraints and cyberattacks.

Key Features

  • Addresses new approaches for modeling, stability analysis and control design of GCCs
  • Proposes robust and flexible GCC control frameworks for supporting grid regulation
  • Emphasizes the application of GCCs in inertia emulation, oscillation damping control, and dynamic shaping
  • Addresses systematic control synthesis methodologies for system security and dynamic performance


Graduate and 1st year PhD students in electrical engineering. Early career researchers in areas of smart/micro grids control and operation; Engineers/operators in the electric power industry. Electric power research institutes and societies (e.g. IEEE, IET, IFAC, IEEJ) and their subcommittees and annual meetings. Power electric and power electronics companies, stability and reliability technical committees, electric research institutes, as well as electrical departments

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Concepts, Fundamentals, Modeling, and Dynamics Analysis
    1. An Introduction to Grid-Connected Converters
    1.1 Modern power grids: characteristics and challenges
    1.2 Renewable energy sources and distributed generators
    1.3 Renewable integrated power grids
    1.4 Why grid-connected converters?
    1.5 Literature Review, Current trends and future directions
    1.6 Summary

    2. Grid-Connected Converters: Configurations and Fundamentals
    2.1 General structure and essentials
    2.2 Configurations and applications
    2.3 Basic control loops
    2.4 Virtual synchronous generator
    2.5 Relevant grid codes
    2.6 Summary

    3. Dynamic Performance and Modeling of Grid-Connected Converters
    3.1 Overall state-space dynamic model
    3.2 Dynamics emulation characteristic
    3.3 Frequency characteristics and P-f response model
    3.4 Voltage characteristics and Q-v response model
    3.5 Time delay and physical constraints
    3.6 Application of artificial intelligence in modeling
    3.7 Simulation and experimental results
    3.8 Summary

    4. Grid-Connected Converters: Stability Assessment and Sensitivity Analysis
    4.1 Stability classification
    4.2 Small-signal stability
    4.3 Frequency domain-based stability assessment
    4.4 Time domain based stability assessment
    4.5 Sensitivity analysis
    4.6 Summary

    PART II: Control Synthesis for Stabilising and Performance Enhancement
    5. Control Structure of Grid-Connected Converters
    5.1 Overall control structure
    5.2 Control loops and objectives
    5.3 Feedforward and feedback control schemes
    5.4 Control design methods: A review
    5.5 Converter control under grid code
    5.6 Summary

    6. Stabilizing and Performance improvement of Grid-Connected Converters
    6.1 Oscillation damping enhancement methods
    6.2 Time delay compensation method
    6.3 Optimal control design
    6.4 Lyapunov-based control design
    6.5 Passivity-based control design
    6.6 Control design concerning grid code
    6.7 Simulation and experimental results
    6.8 Summary

    7. Robust and Intelligent Control Synthesis for Grid-Connected Converters
    7.1 Why robust and intelligent control techniques?
    7.2 Intelligent control approaches
    7.3 Robust control technologies
    7.4 Robust control synthesis
    7.5 Artificial Intelligent based control designs
    7.6 Simulation and experimental results
    7.7 Summary

    8. Converter-Based Grid Dynamics Shaping
    8.1 Flexible and smart grid-connected converters
    8.2 Virtual dynamic shaping
    8.3 VSG-based approaches
    8.4 Grid ancillary service support
    8.5 Simulation and experimental results
    8.6 Summary

Product details

  • No. of pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: August 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999021

About the Authors

Hassan Bevrani

Hassan Bevrani received PhD degree in electrical engineering from Osaka University (Japan) in 2004. He is a professor and the Program Leader of the Smart/Micro Grids Research Center (SMGRC) at the University of Kurdistan. Over the years, he has worked with Osaka University, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Nagoya University, Kumamoto University (Japan), Queensland University of Technology (Australia), Centrale Lille (France), and Technical University of Berlin (Germany). Currently, he is a visiting professor at the Doshisha University and an experienced research fellow of AvH Foundation (Germany). He is the author of 6 international books, 15 book chapters, and more than 300 journal/conference papers. He has been the guest editor of 5 volumes of Elsevier Energy Procedia and Energy Reports journals. His current research interests include stability analysis and control of renewable integrated power grids, smart grids, microgrids, flexible controlled power converters, and Intelligent/robust control applications in the power electric industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting Professor, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto, Japan

Toshiji Kato

Toshiji Kato was born in Kyoto, Japan. He received the B.E., M.E., and Ph.D. degrees from Doshisha University, Kyoto, in 1979, 1981, and 1986, respectively. Since 1981, he has been with Doshisha University, where he is currently a professor with the Department of Electrical Engineering. He was a visiting scientist with the Institut de Recherché d’Hydro-Québec (IREQ), Varennes, QC, Canada, in 1990, and the Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems (LEES), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA, from 1990 to 1992. His current research interests include grid-connected converters, computer analysis, and control of power and power electronic systems. Professor Kato is a fellow of IEE of Japan, and a senior member of IEEE.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto, Japan

Toshifumi Ise

Toshifumi Ise received the B.Eng., M. Eng., and D. Eng. degrees in electrical engineering from Osaka University, Osaka, Japan, in 1980, 1982, and 1986, respectively. From 1986 to 1990, he was with the Nara National College of Technology, Nara, Japan. Since 1990, he had been with the Faculty of Engineering and the Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University. He was a Professor, from August 2002 to March 2018. He is currently a Professor Emeritus with Osaka University and the President of the Nara-Gakuen Incorporated Educational Institution. His research interests are in the areas of power electronics and applied superconductivity for power systems. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ).

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Nara-Gakuen Incorporated Educational Institution, Nara, Japan. Professor Emeritus, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Kaoru Inoue

Kaoru Inoue was born in Osaka, Japan. He received the B.E. and M.E. degrees from Kansai University, Suita, Japan, in 1996 and 1998, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from Osaka University, Suita, in 2001. He was a research fellow with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan, from 2000 to 2001. Since 2001, he has been with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, where he is currently a professor. He was a visiting scholar with the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, from 2007 to 2008. His current research interests include analysis and control of power electronics and motor drive systems. Professor Inoue is a member of IEEE, IEICE, and IEE of Japan.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto, Japan

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