Description

The proceedings of this workshop provide a valuable review of the methodologies of climate observations during the past 150 years, together with a summary of their findings, and a description of the difficulties inherent in their interpretation. In addition the volume reviews the use of climate model simulations of greenhouse-gas-induced equilibrium and nonequilibrium change. Finally, the contributed papers consider the methodologies of climate change detection by comparison of model simulations and climate observations, a summary of findings, and a description of what should be done to detect GHG-induced climate change.

The volume will be of particular interest to researchers and students in the fields of meteorology, atmospheric science, oceanography, global change and climate impact assessement. Scientists in related fields will find much of value also.

Table of Contents

Preface. List of Participants. Part 1: Model Validation: How Good are the Models in Simulating the Present and Past Climates? A Statistical Intercomparison of Temperature and Precipitation Predicted by Four General Circulation Models (S.L. Grotch). Comparing and Contrasting Holocene and Eemian Warm Periods with Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Warming (M.C. MacCracken, J. Kutzbach). Utilization of Paleoclimate Results to Validate Projections of a Future Greenhouse Warming (T.J. Crowley). Part 2: Climate Model Projections of Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Equilibrium Climatic Change: What Are the Expected Climatic Changes? The Equilibrium Response to Doubling Atmospheric CO2 (J.F.B. Mitchell).Computer Experiments with a Coarse-Grid Hydrodynamic Climate Model (G.L. Stenchikov). Climate Variability and Climate Change (D. Rind). Characteristics of Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean CO2 Sensitivity Experiments With Different Ocean Formulations (W.M. Washington, G.A. Meehl). The Southern Oscillation in a Coupled GCM: Implications for Climate Sensitivity and Climate Change (G.A. Meehl). Climatic Response to a Gradual Increase of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (R.J. Stouffer, S. Manabe, K. Bryan). Part 3: Observations of Climate Circa 1850 to the Present: has the Climate Changed? Marine and Land Temperature Data Sets: A Comparison and a Look at Recent Trends (P.D. Jones, T.M.L. Wigley, G. Farmer). Worldwide Surface Temperature Trends Since the Mid-19th Century (D.E. Parker, C.K. Folland). Climate Trends, The U.S. Drought of 1988, and Access to Data (R. Jenne). Regional Greenhouse Climate Effects (J. Hansen, et al.). Changes in Tropospheric and Stratospheric Global Temperatures, 1958-1988 (J.K. Angell). Representativeness of a 63-Station Network for Depicting Climate Changes (K.E. Trenberth, J.G. Olson). Soil Moisture Content with Global Warming (K. Ya. Vinnikov). Some Characteristics of Wet and Dry Regimes in the Contiguous United S

Details

Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1991
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9781483290942
Print ISBN:
9780444883513

About the editor

Reviews

@qu:The Schlesinger volume is a valuable contribution to our understanding of the state of the art of the centennial scale climate record, coupled ocean/atmosphere modelling and their prospects. @source:Global and Planetary Change @qu:This book will be a valuable resource to anyone interested in climate change. It is well-edited and contains valuable research results. @source:Earth-Science Reviews