Gravitational Physiology

Gravitational Physiology

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: J. Hideg, O. Gazenko
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190143

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Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 19: Gravitational Physiology covers the proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences. The volume presents studies that tackle the biological concerns caused by the interactions between complex living organisms and altered gravitational field. The articles in the text are organized into parts, based on their main theme. The first part presents materials about the general problems when adapting to altered gravity system, such as physiological mechanisms of adaptation of mammals to weightlessness, and studies of biorhythms in biosatellite experiments. In the next part, the selection presents papers about metabolism and morphology that include stress metabolic aspects in space flight and the effect of spaceflight on human lymphocyte activation. The text also covers the function and structure of gravity-dependent systems, along with hypokinesia and immobilization. The book will be of great interest to health professionals involved in various space programs.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    General problems. Adaptation to changed gravity

    Remarks on present status of gravitational physiology

    Physiological mechanisms of adaptation of mammals to weightlessness. Results of animal experiments aboard earth biological satellites

    Animal resistance and reactivity during readaptation after an exposure to weightlessness

    Artificial gravity as a countermeasure against adverse effects of weightlessness

    Studies of biorhythms in biosatellite experiments

    Rhythms of electrolyte and hydroxyproline excretion in urine of rats after three weeks of weightlessness (Biosatellite Cosmos-1129)

    Ultrastructural qualitative and quantitative evaluation of cytoplasmatic structures of heart muscle in rats flown aboard biosputnik Cosmos-936

    Physiological systems: metabolic and morphological studies

    Effect of the mission Cosmos-1129 on body composition in the rat

    Stress metabolic aspects in space flight

    Weightlessness-induced morphological effects and stress-reactions of rats flown aboard biosatellites Cosmos

    Studies of specific hepatic enzymes involved in the conversion of carbohydrates to lipids in rats exposed to prolonged spaceflight aboard Cosmos-1129

    Neurochemical characteristics of rats after prolonged exposure to weightlessness

    Effect of spaceflight on human lymphocyte activation

    Function and structure of the gravity-dependent systems: Vestibular system, bone and muscle

    Study of contractile properties and composition of myofibrillar proteins of skeletal muscles in the Cosmos-1129 experiment

    Gravity-dependent variability of physiological properties of mammalian skeletal muscles

    Morphometric analysis of rat muscle fibers following space flight

    Bone resorption and calcium absorption in rats during spaceflight

    Strength characteristics of rat spinal columns. Cosmos-1129

    Bone growth in the rat mandible during spaceflight

    Hypokinesia and immobilization

    A new rat model for studies of hypokinesia and antiorthostasis

    Influence of hypokinesis on functionally different skeletal muscles of rats

    Structural and Na+ - K+ dependent ATP-ase modifications of skeletal muscle and myocardium of hypokinetic rats

    Changes in the ATP-ase activity and protein composition of sarcoplasmic reticulum induced by immobilization of rabbit skeletal muscles

    Plasticity of fast and slow muscle myofibrillar proteins in model experiments simulating weightlessness

    Proteolytic enzymes in different kinds of skeletal muscles

    Effect of immobilization on the excitatory and mechanical parameters of skeletal muscles with different types

    Effect of immobilization on the nonhistone protein composition in different types of skeletal muscles

    The changes in aerobic and anaerobic metabolism of skeletal muscles induced by immobilization

    Studies on the brain capillaries of pregnant rats after experimental hypoxic exercises

    Relations between respiratory and circulatory control during gravitational load in man


    Gravitational adaptation of animals

    Scaling of metabolic rate on body mass in small laboratory mammals

    Some biochemical and morphological parameters in rat brain during +Gz acceleration

    Alterations in heat loss and heat production mechanisms in rats exposed to hypergravic fields

    Effect of space flight in biosatellites "Cosmos" on sympathetic-adrenomedullary activity of rats

    Chronic central vascular expansion induces hypokalemia in conscious primates

    Autonomic reactions in labyrinthectomized rabbits during angular acceleration

    Labyrinth-plugging as a model of suspended vestibular sensory input

    In vitro studies of 4 5Ca uptake and exchange by otoconia

    The effect of space flight upon plasma and tissue lipids in rats: The Cosmos biosateUite program

    Changes of deoxyribonucleoprotein and nucleic acids in spleen and thymus of rats flown onboard the Cosmos biosatellites


    Initiation of nutation in sunflower hypocotyls

    Changes of periodic protoplasmic movements on the fast clinostat

    Thermal comfort of man in weightlessness

    Aortic and tibial bloodflow response to lower body negative pressure (LBNP)

    The application of blood flow velocity measurement under the influence of +Gz acceleration

    Vibration and decompression gas bubbles

    The effect of vibration on the gastric motility in rat

    Relations between physiological effects of gravitational forces and those magnetic forces

    Orthostatic tolerance and exercise response before and after 7 days simulated weightlessness

    Changes in hemodynamics, blood oxygen saturation level and central nervous system in response to postural loading

    Postural response in relation to the standing on inclined surfaces

    The effect of acecazolamide on brain O2 metabolism


Product details

  • No. of pages: 330
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190143

About the Editors

J. Hideg

O. Gazenko

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