Gravimetric Analysis

Gravimetric Analysis

International Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 7

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: László Erdey
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222677

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Description

Analytical Chemistry, Volume 7: Gravimetric Analysis, Part II describes the experimental procedures for the gravimetric analysis of Groups I to V cations. This book is composed of 43 chapters that also present sample preparation, separation, and precipitation protocols. The first six chapters include Group I cations, such as silver, lead, mercury, copper, bismuth, and cadmium, followed by chapters on Group II cations, including arsenic, antimony, tin, germanium, gold, platinum, selenium, and tellurium. The subsequent chapters explore the gravimetric determination of Group III cations, namely, aluminum, iron, chromium, nickel, cobalt, zinc, manganese, titanium, zirconium, hafnium, thorium, scandium, niobium and tantalum, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, uranium, thallium, indium, gallium, and beryllium. The remaining chapters are devoted to analysis of various forms of Groups IV and V cations. This book will prove useful to analytical and inorganic chemists, teachers, and students in the allied fields.

Table of Contents


  • Group I Cations

    5. Silver

    5.1. Determination in the Form of Silver Chloride

    5.2. Determination in the Form of Silver Bromide

    5.3. Determination as Metallic Silver after Reduction with Ascorbic Acid

    5.4. Determination in the Form of Metallic Silver by Electrolysis

    5.5. Determination of Silver by Fire-Assay

    5.6.-5.17. The Separation of Ag

    References

    6. Lead

    6.1. Determination in the Form of Lead Sulphate

    6.2. Determination in the Form of Lead Chromate

    6.3. Electrolytic Deposition of Lead in the Form of Lead Dioxide

    6.4. Determination in the Form of Lead Chloride

    6.5. Determination in the Form of Lead Sulfite

    6.6.-6.21. The Separation of Pb

    References

    7. Mercury

    7.1.-7.3. Determination in the Form of Mercury(II) Sulphide

    7.4. Determination in the Form of Mercury(I) Chloride

    7.5. Determination in the Form of Metallic Mercury after Reduction with Ascorbic Acid

    7.6. Determination in the Form of Metallic Mercury by Electrolysis

    7.7. Determination in the Form of Metallic Mercury by a Dry Method

    7.8. Determination of Mercury(I) Ions in the Form of Mercury(I) Chromate

    7.9. Determination of Mercury(I) Ions in the Form of Mercury(I) Iodate

    7.10.-7.16. The Separation of Hg

    References

    8. Copper

    8.1. Determination in the Form of Metallic Copper by Electrolysis

    8.2. Determination in the Form of Copper(I) Thiocyanate

    8.3. The Determination of Copper by Precipitation in the Form of its Sulphide

    8.4. Determination of Copper in the Form of Copper(I) Iodide

    8.5. Determination of Copper in the Form of Copper(II) Oxide

    8.6. Determination of Copper in the Form of Copper(II) Quinaldinate

    8.7. Precipitation of Copper(II) Ions with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    8.8.-8.23. The Separation of Cu

    References

    9. Bismuth

    9.1. Determination in the Form of Bismuth(III) Oxide

    9.2. Precipitation in the Form of basic Bismuth Carbonate

    9.3. Precipitation in the Form of basic Bismuth Formate

    9.4. Determination in the Form of Bismuthyl Chloride

    9.5. Determination in the Form of Bismuthyl Iodide

    9.6. Determination in the Form of Bismuth(III) Phosphate

    9.7. Determination in the Form of Bismuth(III) Sulphide

    9.8. The Deposition of Metallic Bismuth by Electrolysis

    9.9. Precipitation of Bismuth in the Metallic Form Using Formaldehyde

    9.10.-9.21. The Separation of Bi

    References

    10. Cadmium

    10.1. Determination in the Form of Cadmium Sulphate

    10.2. Determination in the Form of Cadmium Sulphide

    10.3. Determination by Precipitation in the Form of Cadmium Ammonium Phosphate

    10.4. Deposition in the Form of Metallic Cadmium by Electrolysis

    10.5. Determination in the Form of Cadmium Hydrazine Iodide

    10.6. Determination in the Form of Cadmium Quinaldinate

    10.7. Precipitation of Cadmium with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    10.8.-10.17. The Separation of Cd

    References

    Group II Cations

    11. Arsenic

    11.1. Determination of Arsenic in the Form of Arsenic(III) Sulphide

    11.2. Determination of Arsenic in the Form of Arsenic(V) Sulphide

    11.3. Determination in the Form of Arsenic(III) Sulphide and Sulfur

    11.4. Precipitation in the Form of Magnesium Ammonium Arsenate

    11.5. Determination in the Form of Silver Arsenate

    11.6.-11.19. The Separation of As

    References

    12. Antimony

    12.1. Determination in the Form of Antimony(III) Sulphide

    12.2. Determination in the Form of Antimony Tetroxide

    12.3.-12.10. The Separation of Sb

    References

    13. Tin 213

    13.1. Precipitation of Tin in the Form of Stannic Acid

    13.2. Precipitation in the Form of Tin(IV) Sulphide

    13.3. Determination by Electrolysis from a Solution Containing Oxalate

    13.4.-13.5. The Separation of Sn

    References 225

    14. Germanium 226

    14.1. Separation of Germanium from Accompanying Substances by Distillation

    14.2. Separation of Germanium(IV) Chloride by Extraction with Carbon Tetrachloride

    14.3. Precipitation in the Form of Germanium(IV) Sulphide

    14.4. Precipitation of Germanium(IV) Ions with Tannin

    14.5. Photometric Determination of Small Amounts of Germanium

    14.6. Other Methods for the Determination of Germanium

    15. Gold

    15.1. Determination in the Form of Metallic Gold

    15.2.-15.4. The Separation of Au

    References

    16. Platinum and Platinum Metals

    16.1. Platinum

    16.2. Precipitation of Platinum in the Form of Ammonium hexachloroplatinate(IV)

    16.3. Determination of Platinum by Precipitation with Hydrogen Sulphide

    16.4. Determination of Platinum by reduction with Formic Acid

    16.5. Determination by a Fire-Assay Method

    References

    16.6. Ruthenium

    16.7. Osmium

    16.8. Palladium

    16.9. Rhodium

    16.10. Iridium

    16.11. The Separation of the Platinum Metals

    References

    17. Selenium

    17.1. Precipitation of Selenium by Reduction with Hydrazine Sulphate

    17.2. Précipitât i on of Selenium by Reduction with Sulfurous Acid

    17.3.-17.12. The Separation of Se

    References

    18. Tellurium

    18.1. Determination of Tellurium by Precipitation with Hydrazine Sulphate

    18.2. Determination of Tellurium by Reduction with Sulfurous Acid

    18.3. Determination of Tellurium by Reduction with Sodium Hypophosphite

    18.4.-18.5. The Separation of Te

    References

    Group III Cations

    19. Aluminum

    19.1. Determination in the Form of Aluminum Oxide

    19.2. Determination in the Form of Aluminum-8-Hydroxyquinolate

    19.3. Determination in the Form of Aluminum Phosphate

    19.4. Separation of the Accompanying Metallic Chlorides from Crystalline Aluminum Chloride by Ether-Hydrochloric Acid Extraction

    19.5.-19.46. The Separation of Al

    References

    20. Iron

    20.1. Precipitation in the Form of Iron(III) Hydroxide

    20.2. Precipitation of Basic Iron(III) Salts by Hydrolysis

    20.3. Precipitation of Iron(II) Ions in the Form of Iron(II) Sulphide

    20.4. Precipitation of Iron(III) Ions with Cupferron

    20.5.-20.26. The Separation of Fe

    References

    21. Chromium

    21.1. Determination in the Form of Chromium(III) Oxide

    21.2. Determination of Chromate Ions by Precipitation in the Form of Mercury(I) Chromate

    21.3. Determination of Chromate and Dichromate Ions in the Form of Barium Chromate

    21.4. Determination of Chromate and Dichromate Ions in the Form of Silver Chromate

    21.5. Determination of Chromates in the Form of Lead Chromate

    21.6.-21.14. The Separation of Cr

    References

    22. Nickel

    22.1. Determination in the Form of the Nickel Dimethyl-Glyoxime Complex

    22.2. Precipitation of Nickel by Electrolysis

    22.3. The Rapid Determination of Nickel in the Form of Its Pyridine Thiocyanate Complex

    22.4. Precipitation in the Form of Nickel Sulphide

    22.5. Precipitation of Nickel with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    22.6.-22.20. The Separation of Ni

    References

    23. Cobalt

    23.1. Determination as Metallic Cobalt by Electrolysis

    23.2. Precipitation of Cobalt Sulphide from Acetic Acid Medium

    23.3. Precipitation in the Form of Cobalt(III) Hydroxide

    23.4. Determination in the Form of Tetrapyridinocobalt(II) Thiocyanate

    23.5. Determination of Cobalt with α-Nitroso-ß-Naphtol

    23.6. Separation of Cobalt from Nickel in the Form of Potassium Cobaltinitrite

    23.7. Precipitation of Cobalt with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    23.8.-23.20. The Separation of Co

    References

    24. Zinc

    24.1. Precipitation of Zinc Ions in the Form of Zinc Sulphide

    24.2. Determination by Precipitation in the Form of Zinc Ammonium Phosphate

    24.3. Determination in the Form of Metallic Zinc by Electrolysis

    24.4. Determination in the Form of Zinc Mercuric Thiocyanate

    24.5. Precipitation of Zinc Ions with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    24.6. Determination in the Form of Zinc Anthranilate

    24.7. Precipitation of Zinc in the Form of Zinc Quinaldinate

    24.8.-24.28. The Separation of Zn

    References

    25. Manganese

    25.1. Precipitation in the Form of Manganese(II) Sulphide

    25.2. Precipitation in the Form of Manganese(II) Ammonium Phosphate

    25.3.-25.13. The Separation of Mn

    References

    26. Titanium

    26.1. Precipitation in the Form of Hydrated Titanium(IV) Oxide

    26.2. Precipitation of Titanium(IV) Ions with Cupferron

    26.3. Precipitation of Titanium(IV) Ions with p-Hydroxyphenylarsinic Acid

    26.4.-26.13. The Separation of Ti

    References

    27. Zirconium and Hafnium

    27.1. Precipitation in the Form of Hydrated Zirconium Dioxide

    27.2. Determination in the Form of Zirconium Phosphate

    27.3. Precipitation of Zirconium with Mandelic Acid

    27.4. Simultaneous Determination of Zirconium and Hafnium

    27.5.-27.12. The Separation of Zr

    References

    28. Thorium and the Rare Earths

    28.1. Precipitation of Thorium and the Rare Earths with Ammonia

    28.2. Precipitation of Thorium and the Rare Earths with Oxalic Acid

    28.3. - 28.21. The Separation of Thorium and the Rare Earths

    29. Scandium

    29.1. Precipitation of Scandium(III) Hydroxide with Ammonia

    29.2. Precipitation of Scandium in the Form of Its Basic Tartrate

    29.3. Separation of Scandium from Other Elements by Ether Extraction of Scandium Thiocyanate

    29.4. Photometric Determination of Small Amounts of Scandium

    30. Niobium and Tantalum

    30.1. Determination in the Form of Tantalum(V) Oxide + Niobium(V) Oxide

    30.2.-30.6. The Separation of Ta and Nb

    References

    31. Molybdenum

    31.1. Precipitation in the Form of Molybdenum(VI) Sulphide

    31.2. Determination in the Form of Lead Molybdate

    31.3. Determination in the Form of Silver Molybdate

    31.4. Determination in the Form of Molybdenum Oxinate

    31.5.-31.13. The Separation of Mo

    References

    32. Tungsten

    32.1. Precipitation in the Form of Tungstic Acid

    32.2. Precipitation in the Form of Mercury(I) Tungstate

    32.3. Precipitation in the Form of Benzidine Tungstate

    32.4. Determination in the Form of Tungsten Oxinate

    32.5.-32.14. The Separation of W

    References

    33. Vanadium

    33.1. Precipitation in the Form of Mercury(I) Vanadate

    33.2. Determination in the Form of Silver Vanadate

    33.3. Precipitation in the Form of Vanadium Cupferronate

    33.4.-33.10. The Separation of V

    References

    34. Uranium

    34.1. Separation of Uranium from Cu, Bi, Pb, As, Sb and Other Cations of Groups I and II

    34.2. Separation of Uranium from Iron(III) and the Cations whose Carbonates are Insoluble in Water

    34.3. Separation of Uranium by Ether Extraction

    34.4. Separation of Uranium with Cupferron

    34.5. Determination of Uranium by Precipitation in the Form of Ammonium Diuranate

    34.6. Precipitation in the Form of Uranium(IV) Cupferrate Analysis of Pitch Blende

    34.7. Determination in the Form of Uranyl Oxinate

    34.8.-34.12. Other Separations of U

    References

    35. Thallium

    35.1. Determination in the Form of Thallium(I) Chromate

    35.2. Determination in the Form of Thallium(I) Iodide

    35.3. Determination in the Form of Thallium(III) Oxide

    35.4.-35.17. The Separation of Tl

    References

    36. Indium

    36.1. Precipitation in the Form of Indium(III) Hydroxide

    36.2. Determination in the Form of Indium(IH) Sulphide

    36.3. Determination in the Form of Indium(III) Oxinate

    36.4. Separation of Indium from the Accompanying Ions by Extraction

    36.5. Determination of Indium by Polarography

    References

    37. Gallium

    37.1. Precipitation of Gallium(III) Hydroxide with Ammonia and by Other Hydrolysis Methods

    37.2. Precipitation with Cupferron

    37.3. Determination of Gallium by Precipitation with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

    37.4. Determination of Gallium with 5-7-Dibromo-8-Hydroxyquinoline

    37.5. Precipitation of Gallium in the Form of Its Camphoric Acid Salt

    37.6. Separation of Gallium from Other Ions by Ether Extraction

    37.7. Separation of Gallium from Iron (Aluminum)

    References

    38. Beryllium

    38.1. Precipitation of Beryllium in the Form of Beryllium Hydroxide

    38.2. Determination of Beryllium in the Form of Beryllium Pyrophosphate

    38.3.-38.7. The Separation of Be

    References

    Group IV Cations

    39. Calcium

    39.1. Precipitation in the Form of Calcium Oxalate

    39.2. Precipitation in the Form of Calcium Molybdate

    39.3.-39.14. The Separation of Ca

    References

    40. Strontium

    40.1. Determination in the Form of Strontium Oxalate

    40.2. Determination in the Form of Strontium Sulphate

    40.3. Determination in the Form of Strontium Carbonate

    40.4.-40.14. The Separation of Sr

    References

    41. BAarium

    41.1. Determination in the Form of Barium Sulphate

    41.2. Determination in the Form of Barium Chromate

    41.3.-41.13. The Separation of Ba

    References

    Group V Cations

    42. Magnesium

    42.1. Precipitation in the Form of Crystalline Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate

    42.2. Precipitation in the Form of Magnesium Oxinate

    42.3.-42.14. The Separation of Mg

    References

    43. Sodium

    43.1. Determination in the Form of Sodium Chloride

    43.2. Determination in the Form of Sodium Sulphate

    43.3. Determination in the Form of Sodium Zinc Uranyl Acetate

    43.4. Determination in the Form of Sodium Magnesium Uranyl Acetate

    References

    44. Potassium

    44.1. Determination in the Form of Potassium Chloride

    44.2. Determination in the Form of Potassium Sulphate

    44.3. Determination in the Form of Potassium Hexachloroplatinate(IV)

    44.4. Determination in the Form of Potassium Perchlorate

    44.5. Determination in the Form of Potassium Tetraphenylborate

    References

    45. Lithium

    45.1. Determination in the Form of Lithium Chloride

    45.2. Determination in the Form of Lithium Sulphate

    References

    46. Ammonium Ion

    References

    47. Methods of Separation of the Cations of the Alkali Metal Group

    47.1. Separation of Sodium and Potassium from Cations of the Groups I—IV and Magnesium

    47.2. Separation of Sodium from Potassium and Simultaneous Determination

    47.3. Separation of Lithium from Na, K, (Rb, Cs) by Extraction

    47.4. Separation and Determination of Lithium and Sodium by Indirect Analysis

    47.5. Separation and Determination of Lithium and Potassium by Indirect Analysis

    47.6. Separation of Na, K, Li, from SO42-, PO43-

    47.7. Separation of Na, K, Li from Complex Cyanides

    47.8. Separation of Na, K, Li from Other Ions

    47.9. Separation of NH4+ from Other Ions

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Other Titles in the Series




Product details

  • No. of pages: 814
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222677

About the Author

László Erdey

About the Editors

R. Belcher

L. Gordon

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