Preparations, Properties, Applications, and Prospects

1st Edition - October 2, 2019

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  • Authors: Kazuyuki Takai, Seiya Tsujimura, Feiyu Kang, Michio Inagaki
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128195765
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128195772

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Graphene: Preparation, Properties, Applications and Prospects provides a comprehensive introduction on the science and engineering of graphene. The book is composed of 9 chapters, including a discussion on what graphene is, detailed descriptions of preparation procedures, applications based on respective properties, including electrical, chemical, mechanical, thermal and biomedical, and reviews on materials derived from graphene (graphene derivatives) and other layered materials.

Key Features

  • Provides differentiation on two kinds of graphene, graphene with highly-crystalline layers and reduced graphene oxide with highly-defective layers
  • Thorough reviews a wide variety of preparation procedures of two kinds of graphene, including the formation of graphene foams, films and horns, and the doping of foreign atoms
  • Contains a comprehensive review of electrical, chemical, mechanical, thermal and biomedical properties and applications based on these properties


Materials scientists and engineers researching nanomaterials. Graduate and post-graduate students and researchers studying and researching nanomaterials

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    1.1 What is graphene
    1.2 Fundamentals on materials science of carbon
    1.2.1 Classification of carbon materials
    1.2.2 Structure and nanotexture of carbon materials
    1.2.3 Carbonization and graphitization
    1.2.4 Carbon materials
    a) Highly-oriented graphite materials
    b) Synthetic graphite materials
    c) Fibrous carbon materials
    d) Nanoporous carbons
    e) Spherical carbon materials
    f) Glass-like carbons
    1.3 Construction and purposes of the present book
    2. Preparations of graphene
    2.1 Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)
    2.1.1 Synthesis of graphene films
    a) On Pt
    b) On Ni
    c) On Cu
    d) On other metals
    e) On SiC
    f) On other metal carbides
    g) On HOPG
    h) Transfer of CVD-grown graphene films
    2.1.2 Synthesis of graphene flakes
    2.1.3 Synthesis of single-walled carbon nanohorns
    2.1.4 Substitutional doping of heteroatoms
    2.1.5 Graphene foams
    2.2 Cleavage (Peeling)
    2.2.1 Mechanical cleavage
    2.2.2 Cleavage in solution
    2.2.3 Cleavage via intercalation compounds
    2.3 Exfoliation
    2.3.1 Synthesis of graphene oxide
    2.3.2 Exfoliation of graphene oxide
    2.3.3 Reduction of graphene oxide
    a) Thermal reduction
    b) Chemical reduction
    c) Hydrogen reduction
    d) Hydrothermal reduction
    e) Irradiation reduction
    f) Electrochemical reduction
    2.3.4 Functionalization of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide
    2.3.5 Fabrication of transparent graphene films
    2.3.6 Fabrication of graphene foams (sponges)
    2.4 Other processes
    2.4.1 Chemical synthesis
    2.4.2 Unzipping of carbon nanotubes
    2.5 Concluding remarks
    3. Electronic properties and applications
    3.1 Fundamental electronic properties
    3.1.1 Electronic Structure of graphene
    3.1.2 Effects of defects, edges and charging
    3.2 Applications to Information Technology
    3.2.1 Transistor devices
    3.2.2 Spintronics devices
    3.3.3 Transparent Electrode
    3.3 Applications to Energy & Other social field
    3.3.1 Thermoelectric devices
    3.3.2 Sensor devices
    3.3.3 Photon detector
    3.3.4 Resistance Standard
    3.4 Concluding remarks
    4. Chemical properties and applications
    4.1 Fundamental chemical properties
    4.2 Hydrogenation and oxidation
    4.3 Applications to energy storage
    4.3.1 Lithium-ion batteries
    4.3.2 Electrochemical capacitors
    4.3.3 Lithium ion capacitors
    4.3.4 Solar cells (Photovoltaic cells)
    a) Semiconductor solar cells (Schottky junction solar cells)
    b) Polymer solar cells (Dye-sensitized solar cells)
    4.3.5 Fuel cells
    4.3.6 Hydrogen storage
    4.4 Applications to environment remediation
    4.4.1 Adsorption of polluting molecules and ions
    4.4.2 Sorption and recovery of oils
    4.4.3 Capacitive deionization for water desalination
    4.4.4 Catalysts
    4.4.5 Chemical sensors
    4.5 Concluding remarks
    5. Mechanical properties and application
    5.1 Fundamental mechanical properties
    5.2 Application to mechanical sensors
    5.2.1 Pressure sensors
    5.2.2 Strain sensors
    5.2.3 Position detectors
    5.3 Application as Rigid body materials
    5.3.1 Mechanical Oscillator
    5.3.2 Constructional materials
    5.4 Concluding remarks
    6. Thermal properties and applications
    6.1 Fundamental thermal properties
    6.2 Thermal interface materials
    6.3 Nanofluids
    6.4 Thermal energy storage
    6.5 Concluding remarks
    7. Biomedical properties and applications
    7.1 Fundamental biomedical properties
    7.2 Biocompatibility
    7.3 Cell managements
    a) Scaffolds for cell culturing
    b) Stem cell differentiation
    c) Cell imaging
    d) Antibacterial activity
    7.4 Delivery carriers for drugs
    7.5 Biosensors
    7.6 Concluding remarks
    8. Beyond graphene
    8.1 Graphene derivatives
    8.1.1 Graphane (Hydrogenated graphene)
    8.1.2 Fluorographene (Fluorinated graphene)
    8.1.3 Graphene oxide (Oxidized graphene)
    8.1.4 Graphyne and Graphdiyne
    8.2 Single layer materials
    8.2.1 Honeycomb layers of Group IV elements
    8.2.2 Honeycomb layers of Group III-V compounds
    8.2.3 Single layers of transition metal dichalcogenides
    8.3 Layer-by-layer composites
    8.4 Concluding remarks
    9. Prospects

Product details

  • No. of pages: 620
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2019
  • Published: October 2, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128195765
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128195772

About the Authors

Kazuyuki Takai

Kazuyuki Takai Is Professor in the Department of Chemical Science and Technology, in the Faculty of Bioscience and Chemistry, at Hosei University in Japan. He received his PhD from the Tokyo University of Technology. His research focuses on the physics and chemistry of condensed matter, particularly the electronic properties of carbon-based nanoscale systems, and their chemical modification. He has been awarded the Young Scientist Award from the Physical Society of Japan, and is on the editorial board of the Journal of the Carbon Society of Japan. He has published widely in the field.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Chemical Science and Technology, Faculty of Bioscience and Applied Chemistry, Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan

Seiya Tsujimura

Seiya Tsujimura is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences at the University of Tsukuba, in Japan. He received his PhD from Kyoto University, on energy conversion systems based on bioelectrocatalytic reactions. His research lies at the interface of electrochemistry and biological redox reactions. His group employs engineered biocatalysts and nano-structured electrode materials to design new biosensing systems with higher accuracy, and biofuel cells with higher power density. He is the editor of Electrochemistry, from the Electrochemical Society of Japan, and has published widely in the field

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Division of Materials Science, Faculty of Pure and Applied Science, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Feiyu Kang

Feiyu Kang received his PhD from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 1997. He is honorary editorial advisory board of international journal CARBON, Joint Chairmen of international symposiums: CARBON2002 (Beijing), Carbon2011 (Shanghai) and 15th International Symposium on Intercalation Compounds (ISIC15), Coordinators of international research projects: Professor M. Inagaki (NSFC-JSPS) and Professor I. Mochida (JST-MOST).

Prof. Kang has investigated graphite and carbon materials since 1988. His research interest includes nano-carbon materials, graphite producing process, porous carbon and nuclear graphite. Prof. Kang had published more than 200 scientific papers and 3 books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, China

Michio Inagaki

Michio Inagaki, Ph.D. is a famous carbon material scientist, who obtained his PhD degree from Nagoya University in 1963. He has worked on carbon materials for more than 50 years. In 2011, he won the Peter A. Thrower Award for Exceptional Contribution to the International Carbon Community.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University, Japan

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