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Going North - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122607202, 9781483277677

Going North

1st Edition

Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900—1950

Author: Neil Fligstein
Editor: Peter H. Rossi
eBook ISBN: 9781483277677
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th November 1981
Page Count: 246
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Going North: Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900—1950 discusses the historical, demographic, sociological, and economic reasons for black and white migrations. The book explains the transition from a rural, extractive economy to an urban, industrial and service economy, with emphasis on the effects on the Southern rural population. After the Civil War, emerging business concerns became politically and economically significant, making the South a source for needed resources. 1930 was a defining year. Before 1930, migration reflected the growth and contraction of cotton agriculture in the South. After 1930, the transition from a tenant, labor-intensive cotton agriculture economy to a capitalist machine-driven economy caused the black and white migration to the north. American development was not a simple process—it shows how northern business interests defeated southern planters. This transformation has created a permanent underclass in society that can be found in the cities of the South, North, and Midwest regions of America today. Sociologists, economists, academicians doing sociological research, and students of U.S. history can benefit from reading the book.

Table of Contents



Chapter 1 Migration of Blacks and Whites: An Overview

Economists' Version of American Development and Migration

A General Theoretical and Methodological Discussion

The Causes of the Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900 - 1950

The Causes of Migration: An Introduction

Structure of the Study

Chapter 2 Agriculture in the South: 1865 - 1900

The Crisis of Southern Agriculture Following the Civil War

Crop Liens, Tenant Farming, and the Rise of the Merchants

The Class Structure of the South

The Role of the World Market and the North

The Dynamics of Southern Agriculture

History in Periodization

The South in 1900

Chapter 3 The Causes of Black and White Migration

Demographic, Sociological, and Economic Approaches

Critique of the Other Approaches

Conceptualization of Migration

Chapter 4 Patterns of Net Migration and Changes in the Social Organization

Chapter 5 The South Stumbles Along, 1900 - 1930

The South from 1900 to 1930: Boom and Bust in the Cotton Belt

The Causes of Migration, 1900 - 1930

Chapter 6 Models of the Migration Process, 1900 - 1930

The Operationalization of Relevant Factors

The Model of Migration, 1900 - 1910

The Model of Migration, 1910 - 1920

The Model of Migration, 1920 - 1930


Chapter 7 Transformation of Southern Agriculture and the Creation of a Surplus Farm Population

1930 - 1940

1940 - 1950

The Causes of Migration, 1930 - 1950

Chapter 8 Models of the Migration Process, 1930 - 1950

Operationalization of Relevant Factors

Models of Migration, 1930 - 1940

The Model of Migration, 1940 - 1950


Chapter 9 Net Migration of Blacks and Whites, 1900 - 1950

Factors and Their Measures in the Model of Migration, 1900 - 1950

The Model of Migration, 1900 - 1950


Chapter 10 Conclusions and Reflections

Appendix A Data Sources

Appendix B Data Structure, Coding, and Comparability

Appendix C The Measurement of Net Migration

Appendix D Weighted Least Squares Regression

Appendix E The Logic Behind the Analysis of Chapter 9




No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1981
28th November 1981
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Neil Fligstein

About the Editor

Peter H. Rossi

Ratings and Reviews