Going North

Going North

Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900—1950

1st Edition - November 28, 1981

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  • Author: Neil Fligstein
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277677

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Going North: Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900—1950 discusses the historical, demographic, sociological, and economic reasons for black and white migrations. The book explains the transition from a rural, extractive economy to an urban, industrial and service economy, with emphasis on the effects on the Southern rural population. After the Civil War, emerging business concerns became politically and economically significant, making the South a source for needed resources. 1930 was a defining year. Before 1930, migration reflected the growth and contraction of cotton agriculture in the South. After 1930, the transition from a tenant, labor-intensive cotton agriculture economy to a capitalist machine-driven economy caused the black and white migration to the north. American development was not a simple process—it shows how northern business interests defeated southern planters. This transformation has created a permanent underclass in society that can be found in the cities of the South, North, and Midwest regions of America today. Sociologists, economists, academicians doing sociological research, and students of U.S. history can benefit from reading the book.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Chapter 1 Migration of Blacks and Whites: An Overview

    Economists' Version of American Development and Migration

    A General Theoretical and Methodological Discussion

    The Causes of the Migration of Blacks and Whites from the South, 1900 - 1950

    The Causes of Migration: An Introduction

    Structure of the Study

    Chapter 2 Agriculture in the South: 1865 - 1900

    The Crisis of Southern Agriculture Following the Civil War

    Crop Liens, Tenant Farming, and the Rise of the Merchants

    The Class Structure of the South

    The Role of the World Market and the North

    The Dynamics of Southern Agriculture

    History in Periodization

    The South in 1900

    Chapter 3 The Causes of Black and White Migration

    Demographic, Sociological, and Economic Approaches

    Critique of the Other Approaches

    Conceptualization of Migration

    Chapter 4 Patterns of Net Migration and Changes in the Social Organization

    Chapter 5 The South Stumbles Along, 1900 - 1930

    The South from 1900 to 1930: Boom and Bust in the Cotton Belt

    The Causes of Migration, 1900 - 1930

    Chapter 6 Models of the Migration Process, 1900 - 1930

    The Operationalization of Relevant Factors

    The Model of Migration, 1900 - 1910

    The Model of Migration, 1910 - 1920

    The Model of Migration, 1920 - 1930


    Chapter 7 Transformation of Southern Agriculture and the Creation of a Surplus Farm Population

    1930 - 1940

    1940 - 1950

    The Causes of Migration, 1930 - 1950

    Chapter 8 Models of the Migration Process, 1930 - 1950

    Operationalization of Relevant Factors

    Models of Migration, 1930 - 1940

    The Model of Migration, 1940 - 1950


    Chapter 9 Net Migration of Blacks and Whites, 1900 - 1950

    Factors and Their Measures in the Model of Migration, 1900 - 1950

    The Model of Migration, 1900 - 1950


    Chapter 10 Conclusions and Reflections

    Appendix A Data Sources

    Appendix B Data Structure, Coding, and Comparability

    Appendix C The Measurement of Net Migration

    Appendix D Weighted Least Squares Regression

    Appendix E The Logic Behind the Analysis of Chapter 9



Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: November 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277677

About the Author

Neil Fligstein

About the Editor

Peter H. Rossi

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