Global Health Informatics

Global Health Informatics

How Information Technology Can Change Our Lives in a Globalized World

1st Edition - December 8, 2016

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  • Editors: Heimar Marin, Eduardo Massad, Marco Antonio Gutierrez, Roberto Jaime Rodrigues, Daniel Sigulem
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128045916
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128046173

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Global Health Informatics: How Information Technology Can Change Our Lives in a Globalized World discusses the critical role of information and communication technologies in health practice, health systems management and research in increasingly interconnected societies. In a global interconnected world the old standalone institutional information systems have proved to be inadequate for patient-centered care provided by multiple providers, for the early detection and response to emerging and re-emerging diseases, and to guide population-oriented public health interventions. The book reviews pertinent aspects and successful current experiences related to standards for health information systems; digital systems as a support for decision making, diagnosis and therapy; professional and client education and training; health systems operation; and intergovernmental collaboration.

Key Features

  • Discusses how standalone systems can compromise health care in globalized world
  • Provides information on how information and communication technologies (ICT) can support diagnose, treatment, and prevention of emerging and re-emerging diseases
  • Presents case studies about integrated information and how and why to share data can facilitate governance and strategies to improve life conditions


Graduate students in bioinformatics, computer science and epidemiology; healthcare workers at all levels

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Global Health Informatics—An Overview

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Global Health Informatics
    • Conclusions
    • References

    Chapter 2. National Health Information Systems and Health Observatories

    • Abstract
    • National Health Information Systems and Health Observatories: Resources for Evidence-Based Decision-Making
    • Data, Information, Knowledge, and Intelligence
    • Evidence-Based Practice
    • Historical, Surveillance, and Monitoring Data
    • HOs Have Specific Needs for Data and Data Management
    • Functional Components
    • Operational Resources
    • Systems Architecture
    • Generation and Use of Knowledge and Intelligence
    • Communication and Web Publishing
    • Experience With NHIS and HOs
    • Implementation Opportunities and Challenges
    • Further Reading

    Chapter 3. Information and Communication Technologies and Global Health Challenges

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Electronic Health Records
    • Health Information Exchange
    • Telemedicine
    • Mobile Devices
    • Social Media
    • Conclusions
    • References

    Chapter 4. Standards for Global Health Information Systems

    • Abstract
    • The Key SDO Organizations
    • Data Naming and Representation
    • The Making of Standards
    • Interoperability
    • Looking to the Future
    • References

    Chapter 5. Data Systems and Global Health Informatics Research

    • Abstract
    • Barriers to Global Sharing of Health Data
    • The US National Institutes of Health’s Clinical Data Repository
    • General Remarks
    • References

    Chapter 6. Clinical Information Systems

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • CISs Functions and Subsystems
    • Organizational Aspects
    • CIS Monitoring and Evaluation
    • The Hospital Italiano Experience in Buenos Aires
    • The HEGP Experience in Paris
    • Discussion and Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 7. The New Medicine: From the Paper Medical Record to the Digitized Human Being

    • Abstract
    • The Digitization of Healthcare Information
    • Digital Medicine
    • mHealth and the e-Patient
    • Data Usage and Security
    • Point of Care
    • The Future: A New Medical Chart
    • Final Considerations
    • References
    • End Notes

    Chapter 8. Telemedicine, eHealth and Remote Care Systems

    • Abstract
    • Social Transformation Due to Teletechnology
    • Computer Evolution and Cost Decline
    • Telemedicine Technology Cheapening
    • Changes in Health and Reconsideration of Telemedicine and eHealth
    • Modern Telemedicine Activities
    • Remote Care System
    • Devices to Support Teleassistance
    • Attention to Residence and Telehomecare
    • Communication in Health—Interactive and Objective
    • Education, Health Promotion, and Screening
    • Virtual Reality Perspectives
    • 3D Printers and Their Insertion in the eHealth World
    • Perspectives—Next Stages—Graphene and Biochips
    • Future of Telemedicine
    • Acknowledgment
    • References

    Chapter 9. Analytics and Decision Support Systems in Global Health Informatics

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Data Analytics and Global Health
    • Decision Support Systems and Global Health
    • Conclusions and Future Directions
    • References

    Chapter 10. Patient Engagement and Digital Health Communities

    • Abstract
    • Patient Engagement
    • Digital Health Communities
    • Challenges and Opportunities
    • Final Considerations
    • References
    • Further Reading

    Chapter 11. Ethical and Transborder Issues

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Bioethics—The Bare Essentials
    • Macroethics
    • Bioethics of Information Technology: Key Components
    • Bioethics of Infectious Diseases
    • Macroethical Dilemmas in Public Health
    • The “Classical” Approach to Vaccine Optimization
    • Noninnocent Vaccines
    • Nash Equilibrium
    • Smallpox
    • Yellow Fever
    • Poliomyelitis
    • Spillover: A Real Transborder Problem
    • Importation and Exportation of Infections
    • The Case of Ebola Exportation From West Africa
    • The Case of Zika Virus Exportation From Brazil
    • Coda
    • References

    Chapter 12. Intergovernmental Collaboration in Global Health Informatics

    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Types of Actors in Intergovernmental Collaboration in Global Health Informatics
    • Levels of Intergovernmental Collaboration
    • How to Establish an Intergovernmental Collaboration in Global Health Informatics?
    • Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
    • End Notes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 312
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2016
  • Published: December 8, 2016
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128045916
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128046173

About the Editors

Heimar Marin

Heimar de Fatima Marin RN, MS, PhD, FACMI is Professor, Health Informatics Graduate Program, Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Director, Information Technology & Innovation, Hospital Sirio Libanês;Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Medical Informatics; and Fellow, American College of Medical Informatics.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Health Informatics Graduate Program, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil

Eduardo Massad

Eduardo Massad is Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, Chartered Mathematician (IMA-UK), Chartered Scientist (SciCoun-UK), and Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine. He has almost 40 years of experience in applying mathematical methods to medical problems and is co-editor of the Elsevier’s book Global Health Informatics: How Information Technology Can Change Our Lives in a Globalized World.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Medical Informatics, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Marco Antonio Gutierrez

Marco Antonio Gutierrez is an Electronic engineer (1985), with specialization in Electronic Computation by Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Institute of São Carlos, USP (1985), Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Polytechnic School, USP (1995) and Associate Professor in Health Informatics, Federal University of São Paulo (2008). Currently he is Director of the Department of Computer Science, Heart Institute, USP. Collaborating Researcher on 27 research projects and technological innovation, financed by Brazilian governmental funding agencies (FAPESP). Member of the Brazilian Society of Biomedical Engineering (SBEB) and of the Brazilian Society of Health Informatics (SBIS), entity in which served as Vice President (2008-2010), Treasurer (2010-2012) and Chairman (2012-2014).

Affiliations and Expertise

Health Informatics Service Director, Heart Institute, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil

Roberto Jaime Rodrigues

Roberto Jaime Rodrigues is Consultant, eHealthStrategies, Bethesda MD, USA and Global Health International Advisors, Washington DC, USA; Medical Degree (1964), University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil; Specialization in Surgery (1973), Beth Israel Medical Center, City University of New York, New York; Visiting Researcher (1975), Medical Informatics Department, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm; Director (1975-1990), Technical Supporting Services, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo; Health Information Systems Advisor (1991-2003) and Consultant (2003-2007), Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization, Washington D.C.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consulter in Health Informatics and Health Strategies, Bethesda, USA

Daniel Sigulem

Daniel Sigulem is graduated in medicine from the Paulista School of Medicine (1965) and PhD in Medicine (Nephrology) by the same School (1976). Full Professor (1997) and Dean of the Health Informatics Department. Retired Professor at the Federal University of São Paulo (2009). Currently is Graduate Program Advisor in Management and Health Informatics, Federal University of São Paulo, and Scientific Editor of Journal of Health Informatics (JHI).

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor (retired), Health Informatics Department, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brazil

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