Global Biogeography

Global Biogeography

1st Edition - October 13, 1995

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  • Author: J.C. Briggs
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080532547

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This book significantly expands the coverage of this subject given by its predecessor Biogeography and Plate Tectonics (1987). Global Biogeography traces global changes in geography and biology from the Precambrian to the Recent (with worldwide coverage in chronological order); examines the evolutionary effects of the major extinctions, and discusses contemporary biogeographic regions within the context of their historic origins. It is now apparent that the biotas of the various biogeographical regions have had, and still maintain, a dynamic relationship with one another; much more than was previously thought. This is shown to be true for all three of the earth's primary habitats; marine, terrestrial and freshwater (as is clearly demonstrated in this volume).The book is splendidly illustrated with 122 text figures, an extensive bibliography, index, together with a set of biogeographic maps illustrating continental and terrain outlines from the mid-Cambrian to the Recent. University students (both advanced undergraduate and graduate level) will find it an excellent text book. For professionals in Biogeography this is a convenient reference work.

Table of Contents

  • Preface. 1. History of the Science. In the Beginning. 19th Century. 20th Century. The Advent of Continental Drift. The Rise of Vicarianism. The Present Work. PART A. HISTORIAL BIOGEOGRAPHY. 2. Precambrian and Early Paleozoic. Precambrian. Cambrian Period. Ordovician Period. End-Ordovician Extinction. 3. Later Paleozoic. Silurian. Devonian. Frasnian Extinction. Carboniferous-Permian. End-Permian Extinction. 4. Early Mesozoic. Triassic. Late-Triassic extinction. Jurassic. Jurassic extinctions. 5. Late Mesozoic. Cretaceous. Marine Patterns. Terrestrial Patterns. Flora. Freshwater fauna. Higher vertebrates. Australia. India. Cretaceous Extinctions. Cenomanian-turonian. Cretaceous/tertiary boundary. 6. Paleogene. Paleocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. Eocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. Australia. New Zealand. Madagascar. India. Antillean relationships. Oligocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. 7. Neogene. Miocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. A miocene extinction?. Pliocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. Pleistocene. Marine patterns. Terrestrial patterns. 8. Historic Extinctions. Historical Development. Tempo of the Extinctions. Scope of the Extinctions. Effects on Global Species Diversity. A Common Cause? Biogeography and Evolution. PART B. CONTEMPORARY BIOGEOGRAPHY. 9. Marine Patterns. Part 1. Latitudinal Zones. Indo-West Pacific Region. The East Indies: a Center of Origin?. The age gradient. Onshore-offshore gradients. Barrier effects. Disjunct patterns. Center of origin alternatives. Modes of Speciation. Distribution patterns. Discussion. Indo-West Pacific Subdivisions. Eastern Pacific Region. Western Atlantic Region. Eastern Atlantic Region. Relationships of the Tropical Shelf Regions. East Pacific Barrier. New World Land Barrier. Mid-Atlantic Barrier. Old World Land Barrier. Latitudinal Barriers. 10. Marine Patterns. Part 2. Warm-Temperate Regions. Southern hemisphere. Northern hemisphere. Cold-Temperate Regions. Southern hemisphere. Northern hemisphere. The Cold (Polar) Regions. The Antarctic region. The Arctic region. The Pelagic Realm. Epipelagic and mesopelagic zones. Arctic and Antarctic. Bathypelagic zone. Hadopelagic zone. Deep Benthic Realm. Vertical distriution. Horizontal distributions. Diversity and origin. The marine system. 11. Terrestrial Patterns. Introduction. Animals. Freshwater habitat. Terrestrial habitat. Plants. Bryophytes and pteridophytes. Gymnosperms. Angiosperms. 12. Significant Patterns. Antitropical Distributions. Marine Environment. Isothermic submersion. Terrestrial Environment. Flora. Fauna. Discussion. Hypothesis. Island Life. 13. Species Diversity: Land and Sea. Global Diversity. Terrestrial. Marine. Latitudinal Gradients. Vertical Gradients. Longitudinal Gradients. Diversity and Conservation. 14. Epilogue. References. Appendix: Biogeographer's Maps. Subject Index.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 451
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 1995
  • Published: October 13, 1995
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080532547

About the Author

J.C. Briggs

Affiliations and Expertise

Arnoldsville, GA, USA

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