Glass Science

Glass Science

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Author: Wilhelm Eitel
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144285

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Description

Silicate Science, Volume VII: Glass Science reviews the advances made in silicate research from 1960 through 1970, with emphasis on glass science. Although much of the discussion is still based on the classic physical chemistry theories, an attempt is made to introduce the essential solid-state physics principles and to show how they can be applied to non-crystalline solids. The properties of many diverse vitreous materials are presented. Comprised of seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of glass-forming elements and their compounds, paying particular attention to their general character as glass-forming phases. The properties of of chalcogenide glasses and non-silicate oxide glasses are also discussed. The next chapters focus on the viscosity of molten glass; the electrolytic conductivity of silicates; the specific volumina of glass melts; and specific applications of infrared spectroscopy to solving structure problems. The physical properties of glass, varied by thermal actions in the transformation and annealing ranges, are considered as well. The final chapter is devoted to miscellaneous additional constitution problems, with particular reference to the volatilization of lead silicate glasses from glass melts and vitreous semiconductors of chalcogenide glasses. This book will be of interest to mineralogists and crystallographers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface to Volumes VII and VIII

    Acknowledgments

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Chapter I General Introduction

    General Character of Elements as Glass-Forming Phases

    General Characteristics of Chalcogenide Glasses

    Nonsilicate Oxide Glasses

    Chapter II Viscosity of Molten Glass

    Low-Temperature Viscosity of Glass

    Internal Friction and Anelasticity Behavior

    Principles of the Fulcher-Tammann Equation, Temperature and Viscosity Correlations. Fixed Points on the Viscosity-Temperature Curves

    Rheological Properties of Natural Melts. Differentiation Phenomena

    Material Transfer and Diffusion Mechanisms in Glass

    Surface Energy Phenomena. Introduction

    Chapter III Electrolytic Conductivity of Silicates

    Problems of Semiconductors in Combination with Silicate Glasses

    Retrospects on Electrical Conductivity of Glasses, and Their Tendencies to Unmixing

    Dielectric Properties of Silicate Glasses

    Galvanic Potentials with Silicate Melt Electrolytes

    Chapter IV Specific Volumina of Glass Melts. Changes Under High-Pressure Effects

    New Aspects for a Structural Comparison of Glassy and Crystalline Phases

    Structural Heterogeneities in Glasses

    Special Glass Structures

    Nonsilicate and Complex Nonsilicate Glass Structures

    Experimental Results of Structure Investigations of Silica and Silicate Glasses

    Glasses and Liquids. A Phenomenological and Critical Comparison

    Boric Acid and Borate Glasses

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Analysis as a Tool for Determination of Glass Constitution

    Supplementing Considerations of Constitution of Glasses, in Correlation to Coordination

    Nomenclature Problems of Structures and Textures. Metastability of Spinodal Unmixing

    Chapter V Specific Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy for Structure Problems

    Raman Spectroscopy and Its Significance for Coordination Problems in Glasses

    Physicochemical Aspects of the Glassy State. Glasses as Inorganic High Polymers

    Thermal History and Thermal Treatment Annealing of Glass. Prestressing Effects

    Properties of Glass Fibers

    Continuous Drawing of Glass Fibers

    Defects on Glass Fiber Surfaces

    Strengthening of Glass by Chemical Reactions, Preferably Cation Exchange

    General Problems Connected with Cation Exchange Methods in Glass

    Glass Fibers in Their Application for Reinforcement of Composites

    Inorganic Polymer Theories

    Interpretation of Glass Structures as a Problem of Molecular Chemistry

    Diversified Silico-organic Reactions and Surface Interactions with Adsorbates on Glass

    Chapter VI Physical Properties Varied by Thermal Actions in the Transformation and Annealing Ranges

    Color and Fluorescence of Glasses as Indicators for the Constitution

    Investigations Using Mossbauer and Advanced Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

    The Role of Rare Earth Elements in Glass Constitution

    High Energy Irradiation Effects in Glass. Luminescence Phenomena. Introductory Remarks

    Special Investigations on Thermoluminescence of Glass

    Luminescence, Photochromism, Rare Earth Glass Properties

    Luminescence Phenomena in Particular

    Radiation Dosimetry on the Basis of Luminescence Reactions in Glass

    Phototropism

    Rare Earth Silicate Glasses for Lasers, and Related Investigations

    Chapter VII Miscellaneous Additional Constitution Problems

    Lead Silicate Glasses. Volatization from Glass Melts

    Miscellaneous Additional Constitution Problems

    Phosphate Glasses

    Germanium Dioxide and Germanate Glasses

    Rare Earth Element-Containing Glasses. A Supplementary Review

    Fluoride Glasses. Fluoride-Containing Silicate and Phosphate Glasses

    Vitreous Semiconductors of Chalcogenide Glasses

    Surface Properties of Glass as Seen from Its Structure

    Interdiffusion and Cation Exchange in Glass and Its Surfaces

    Strengthening of Glass by Cation-Exchange Reactions

    Wetting, Organic Media Sorption, and Surface Energy of Glass

    Concluding Remarks on the Nature of Glass Surfaces

    Porous Glass

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Compound Index

    Mineral Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 628
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144285

About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel

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