Glass Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122363078, 9780323144285

Glass Science

1st Edition

Authors: Wilhelm Eitel
eBook ISBN: 9780323144285
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1975
Page Count: 628
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Silicate Science, Volume VII: Glass Science reviews the advances made in silicate research from 1960 through 1970, with emphasis on glass science. Although much of the discussion is still based on the classic physical chemistry theories, an attempt is made to introduce the essential solid-state physics principles and to show how they can be applied to non-crystalline solids. The properties of many diverse vitreous materials are presented.

Comprised of seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of glass-forming elements and their compounds, paying particular attention to their general character as glass-forming phases. The properties of of chalcogenide glasses and non-silicate oxide glasses are also discussed. The next chapters focus on the viscosity of molten glass; the electrolytic conductivity of silicates; the specific volumina of glass melts; and specific applications of infrared spectroscopy to solving structure problems. The physical properties of glass, varied by thermal actions in the transformation and annealing ranges, are considered as well. The final chapter is devoted to miscellaneous additional constitution problems, with particular reference to the volatilization of lead silicate glasses from glass melts and vitreous semiconductors of chalcogenide glasses.

This book will be of interest to mineralogists and crystallographers.

Table of Contents

Preface to Volumes VII and VIII


Contents of Other Volumes

Chapter I General Introduction

General Character of Elements as Glass-Forming Phases

General Characteristics of Chalcogenide Glasses

Nonsilicate Oxide Glasses

Chapter II Viscosity of Molten Glass

Low-Temperature Viscosity of Glass

Internal Friction and Anelasticity Behavior

Principles of the Fulcher-Tammann Equation, Temperature and Viscosity Correlations. Fixed Points on the Viscosity-Temperature Curves

Rheological Properties of Natural Melts. Differentiation Phenomena

Material Transfer and Diffusion Mechanisms in Glass

Surface Energy Phenomena. Introduction

Chapter III Electrolytic Conductivity of Silicates

Problems of Semiconductors in Combination with Silicate Glasses

Retrospects on Electrical Conductivity of Glasses, and Their Tendencies to Unmixing

Dielectric Properties of Silicate Glasses

Galvanic Potentials with Silicate Melt Electrolytes

Chapter IV Specific Volumina of Glass Melts. Changes Under High-Pressure Effects

New Aspects for a Structural Comparison of Glassy and Crystalline Phases

Structural Heterogeneities in Glasses

Special Glass Structures

Nonsilicate and Complex Nonsilicate Glass Structures

Experimental Results of Structure Investigations of Silica and Silicate Glasses

Glasses and Liquids. A Phenomenological and Critical Comparison

Boric Acid and Borate Glasses

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Analysis as a Tool for Determination of Glass Constitution

Supplementing Considerations of Constitution of Glasses, in Correlation to Coordination

Nomenclature Problems of Structures and Textures. Metastability of Spinodal Unmixing

Chapter V Specific Applications of Infrared Spectroscopy for Structure Problems

Raman Spectroscopy and Its Significance for Coordination Problems in Glasses

Physicochemical Aspects of the Glassy State. Glasses as Inorganic High Polymers

Thermal History and Thermal Treatment Annealing of Glass. Prestressing Effects

Properties of Glass Fibers

Continuous Drawing of Glass Fibers

Defects on Glass Fiber Surfaces

Strengthening of Glass by Chemical Reactions, Preferably Cation Exchange

General Problems Connected with Cation Exchange Methods in Glass

Glass Fibers in Their Application for Reinforcement of Composites

Inorganic Polymer Theories

Interpretation of Glass Structures as a Problem of Molecular Chemistry

Diversified Silico-organic Reactions and Surface Interactions with Adsorbates on Glass

Chapter VI Physical Properties Varied by Thermal Actions in the Transformation and Annealing Ranges

Color and Fluorescence of Glasses as Indicators for the Constitution

Investigations Using Mossbauer and Advanced Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

The Role of Rare Earth Elements in Glass Constitution

High Energy Irradiation Effects in Glass. Luminescence Phenomena. Introductory Remarks

Special Investigations on Thermoluminescence of Glass

Luminescence, Photochromism, Rare Earth Glass Properties

Luminescence Phenomena in Particular

Radiation Dosimetry on the Basis of Luminescence Reactions in Glass


Rare Earth Silicate Glasses for Lasers, and Related Investigations

Chapter VII Miscellaneous Additional Constitution Problems

Lead Silicate Glasses. Volatization from Glass Melts

Miscellaneous Additional Constitution Problems

Phosphate Glasses

Germanium Dioxide and Germanate Glasses

Rare Earth Element-Containing Glasses. A Supplementary Review

Fluoride Glasses. Fluoride-Containing Silicate and Phosphate Glasses

Vitreous Semiconductors of Chalcogenide Glasses

Surface Properties of Glass as Seen from Its Structure

Interdiffusion and Cation Exchange in Glass and Its Surfaces

Strengthening of Glass by Cation-Exchange Reactions

Wetting, Organic Media Sorption, and Surface Energy of Glass

Concluding Remarks on the Nature of Glass Surfaces

Porous Glass

Author Index

Subject Index

Compound Index

Mineral Index


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© Academic Press 1976
Academic Press
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About the Author

Wilhelm Eitel

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