Geophysics in the Affairs of Man
A Personalized History of Exploration Geophysics and Its Allied Sciences of Seismology and Oceanography
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Geophysics in the Affairs of Man: A Personalized History of Exploration Geophysics and its Allied Sciences of Seismology and Oceanography describes many of the key and intriguing developments which took place within several major fields of geophysics. This book is composed of nine chapters that focus on the geophysical enterprise as an interplay of technical, social, and economic factors. After a brief overview of geophysics activity before the World War I, this book goes on the period of the so-called ""golden days"" of exploration geophysics. The succeeding chapter deals with the exploration geophysics during the global war, particularly the classical seismological activity during this time. These topics are followed by discussions of the geophysical activities from 1945 to 1960, as well as the introduction of oceanography field. Other chapters cover the interaction between geophysics and ecology, as well as OPEC during the period of 1970s and early 1980s. The final chapters consider the status and nature of geophysical exploration industry. This book will prove useful to geophysicists, historians, and researchers in the allied fields.
Table of Contents
1. Some Antecedents to the Modern-day Profession of Geophysics Through World War I
Diffusing Geophysical Knowledge
Geophysical Forbearers Prior to the 19th Century
A Brief Overview of Earth Physics - 1800 to 1919
Artillery Location by Acoustic and Seismic Means
Oceanography Simultaneously Becomes a Science and a Technology
2. Geophysics Comes of Age — The Roaring Twenties and the Depressing Thirties
The Golden Days of Exploration Geophysics
The Appearance of Electrical Well Logging
Classical Seismology Strikes Out on Its Own
The Rebirth of Extensive Océanographie Endeavors
3. Geophysicists at War - 1939-1945
Exploration Geophysics During a Time of Global War
Classical Seismology During the War Years
Geophysical Detection of Enemy Artillery
Influence Mines in Naval Warfare — A New Application of Geophysical Sensors
Geophysical Aspects of Undersea Warfare
4. Reversion to Peacetime, 1945—1950
A Time of Transition
Exploration Geophysics Bounces Back
Classical Seismology Stays Much the Same
The Opening of the Canadian Arctic
Oceanography Comes of Age
5. The 1950s — A Burgeoning Era of Geophysics
A Short Overview of the Decade
Correcting the Manpower Shortage in Exploration Geophysics
The Geophysical Industry Grapples with Managerial and Technical Problems
The Advent of Magnetic Recording and Electronic Data Processing
Non-dynamite Energy Sources for Seismic Exploration
A Seismic Search for St. Peter's Tomb
Project Magnet — A Global Airborne Survey of the Earth's Magnetic Field
Should there be a Nuclear Test Ban?
The Berkner Panel on Seismic Improvement
Meteorological Fallout from Escalating Nuclear Test Programs
The International Geophysical Year
Laying the Foundation for Earth-oriented Satellites
Military Oceanography Thrives During "Peacetime"
Geophysical Research Penetrates the Polar Basin
The Oceanographers also Prefer Large-scale Projects
6. Science in Government and Government in Science — the 1960s
The Exuberant 1960s
Bad News and Good News for the Geophysical Industry
The Geophysical Industry Shifts to Digital Recording and Processing
The Search for Appropriate Underground Nuclear Test Ban Language
Project Vela Uniform — A Potential Solution to the Treaty Language Problem
Creation of a Modern Global Seismological Network
Vela Uniform's Research Program
Are Bigger and Better Seismic Arrays the Route to Go?
Tabor Pluto - The British Equivalent to Vela Uniform
Research Explosions and Their Impact
International Seismology with a Neutralist Flavor
The Substitution of Plate Tectonics for Continental Drift
Project Mohole Loses Out to the Deep Sea Drilling Project
A Decade of Ocean Politics and Ocean Policy
Earth-oriented Satellites at Last
7. Geophysics Interacts with the Environmentalists and OPEC - the 1970s and the Early 1980s
A Period of Controversy
Boom Days Once Again for Exploration Geophysics
Non-profit Geophysics Acquires a Political Hue
The Good Earth as a Killer
Is Mankind Modifying the Earth?
By what Means will Geophysics Progress into the Future?
8. Geophysics as a Business — Then and Now
The Dollar Volume of the Exploration Geophysics Industry
Role of the Individual Entrepreneur
Growth and Proliferation of Geophysical Firms
Corporate Profiles — General
The Nature of Large, Full Service Contractors
Compagnie Générale de Géophysique
Geophysical Service, Inc. — Texas Instruments, Inc.
Petty-Ray Geophysical Operations
Seiscom Delta, Inc.
Seismograph Service Corporation
Teledyne Geotech and Teledyne Exploration
Western Geophysical Company of America
Smaller Seismic Data Acquisition Firms
An Exceptional Small Firm — the Dawson Geophysical Company
A Unique Firm — the Geophysical Systems Corporation
Some New Firms on the Scene
Fairfield Industries, Inc.
Geophysical Company of Norway
Grant Geophysical Corporation
NF Industries, Inc.
NORPAC Exploration Services, Inc.
Firms Specializing in Seismic Data Processing
Teknica Resource Development, Ltd.
Geoquest International, Inc.
Other Service Companies
Equipment Manufacturing and Supply Companies
The Consulting Business
The Business End of Gravity and Magnetic Surveys
The Craig Ferris-E. V. McCollum Partnership
The Gravity Meter Exploration Company
The Mineral Exploration Business
Barringer Resources, Inc.
The Industry's Prospects for the Future
The Situation as Viewed by the International Association of Geophysical Contractors
The Potential for Continued Technical Advances and Discoveries of New Natural Resources
9. Geophysics As They Saw It
Some Major Personal Achievements
Comments on the Early Years of the Lamont Geological Observatory
Reflections on the Field of Exploration Geophysics
Conception of the Common-depth-point Method of Seismic Surveying
The Way It Really Happened — The Invention of the VIBROSEIS System
Oceanographic Expeditions of Unusual Interest
The Unforeseen Demise of Operation Skijump II
The International Indian Ocean Expedition and its Scientific Aftermath
Appendix A — Significant Events in the Evolution of Geophysical Service, Inc. and its Offshoot, Texas Instruments, Inc.
About the Authors
- No. of pages: 512
- Language: English
- Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
- Published: January 1, 1982
- Imprint: Pergamon
- eBook ISBN: 9781483278483
About the Authors
Charles C. Bates
Thomas F. Gaskell
Robert B. Rice
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