Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers

1st Edition - December 9, 2013

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  • Authors: Fred Aminzadeh, Shivaji Dasgupta
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080929613
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444506627

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Description

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers focuses on the applications of geophysics in addressing petroleum engineering problems. It explores the complementary features of geophysical techniques in better understanding, characterizing, producing and monitoring reservoirs.This book introduces engineers to geophysical methods so that they can communicate with geophysicist colleagues and appreciate the benefits of their work. These chapters describe fundamentals of geophysical techniques, their physical bases, their applications and limitations, as well as possible pitfalls in their misuse. Case study examples illustrate the integration of geophysical data with various other data types for predicting and describing reservoir rocks and fluid properties. The examples come from all over the world, with several case histories from the fields in the Middle East.

Key Features

  • Introduces geophysical methods to engineers
  • Helps understanding, characterizing, producing and monitoring of geophysical techniques
  • Updates the changing needs of reservoir engineering

Readership

Geophysicists, geophysical engineers and petroleum engineers

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
    Preface
    Series Editor's Preface
    Summary
    1. Introduction
    2. Petroleum Geology
    3. Petroleum geophysics
    4. Petrophysics
    5. Geostatistics
    6. Reservoir Characterization
    7. Reservoir Monitoring
    8. Geophysics in Drilling
    9. Geophysics for Unconventional Resources

    1. Introduction
    1.1 Purpose of the Book
    1.2 Geoscience Disciplines
    1.3 Geoengineering Concept
    1.4 Integration of Disciplines
    1.5 Continuous Measurements in Intelligent Field
    1.6 Petroleum Geology
    1.7 Formation Evaluation—Petrophysics
    1.8 Geostatistics
    1.9 Reservoir Characterization
    1.10 Reservoir Monitoring
    1.11 Geophysics in Drilling
    1.12 Geophysics for Unconventional Resources
    References

    2. Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology
    Abstract
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Formation of Organic Matter
    2.3 Origin of Petroleum
    2.4 Occurrence of Petroleum Systems
    2.5 Sedimentation and Deformation Process
    2.6 Geologic Times
    2.7 Petroleum Reservoirs
    2.8 Hydrocarbon Reservoirs
    2.9 Petroleum Traps
    2.10 Traps Associated with Fracture Networks
    2.11 Reservoir Rocks
    2.12 The Role of a Geologist
    2.13 The Role of Geophysics
    2.14 Exploration and Appraisal Wells
    References

    3. Fundamentals of Petroleum Geophysics
    Abstract
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Geophysical Techniques
    3.3 Inversion of Geophysical Data
    3.4 Seismic Reflection Technique
    3.5 Seismic Wave Propagation and Attenuation
    3.6 Seismic Data Acquisition
    3.7 Seismic Data Processing
    3.8 Seismic Resolution
    3.9 Seismic Modeling
    3.10 Seismic Attributes
    3.11 Spectral Decomposition
    3.12 Absorption
    3.13 Similarity/Coherency/Curvature
    3.14 Amplitude Variations with Offset
    3.15 Multicomponent Seismic Technique
    3.16 Vertical Seismic Profile
    3.17 Crosswell Seismic
    3.18 Gravity Techniques
    3.19 Magnetic Technique
    3.20 Electrical and EM Surveys
    3.21 Crosswell EM
    References

    4. Formation Evaluation
    Abstract
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Well Logging Tools
    References

    5. Geostatistics and Other Unconventional Statistical Methods
    Abstract
    5.1 Overview
    5.2 Conventional Geostatistical Methods
    5.3 Unconventional Statistical Methods
    5.4 Artificial Neural Networks
    5.5 Fuzzy Logic
    5.6 Permeability Prediction from Logs
    5.7 Genetic Algorithms
    5.8 Integration of SC Methods with Each Other and Conventional Geostatistical Methods
    References

    6. Reservoir Characterization
    Abstract
    Introduction
    6.1 Overview
    6.2 SURE Challenge
    6.3 Integration of the Disciplines
    6.4 Geophysics in Reservoir Characterization
    6.5 Unproven Reserves
    6.6 Unconventional Resource Assessment
    References

    7. Reservoir Monitoring
    Abstract
    Summary
    7.1 Time-Lapse Geophysics
    7.2 4D Seismic
    7.3 Evolution of 4D Seismic Monitoring
    7.4 Gravity Data for Fluid Monitoring
    7.5 Gravity Method for EOR Monitoring
    7.6 Monitoring CO2 Sequestration and EOR Monitoring
    7.7 A 4D Seismic Case History from Ghawar Oil Field
    7.8 Seismic Monitoring Challenge in Arab-D
    7.9 Feasibility Study
    7.10 Methodology
    7.11 Permanent Reservoir Monitoring
    References
    Further Reading

    8. Geophysics in Drilling
    Abstract
    8.1 Seismic Delineation of Structural Disruptions: Faults, Fractures, and Sinkholes
    8.2 Highly Porous Formations
    8.3 Mechanically Weak Rock Layers
    8.4 Subsurface Caverns
    8.5 Geophysical Prediction of Overpressured Zones
    8.6 Shallow Gas and Shallow Overpressure
    8.7 Deep Geopressure
    8.8 Construction Hazards
    8.9 Hazards in Marine Environment
    8.10 Looking “Ahead” and “Away” from the Bit
    8.11 Horizontal Drilling and Geosteering
    8.12 Geosteering in Wells
    8.13 Gulf Geosteering Case Study
    8.14 SWD/MWD/LWD Tools
    8.15 Seismic While Drilling
    8.16 Real-Time Monitoring of Drilling Process
    8.17 Looking Ahead and Around a Horizontal Well
    8.18 Looking Above and Below a Horizontal Well
    References

    9. Geophysics for Unconventional Resources
    Abstract
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Geophysical Data Contribution to Unconventional Reservoirs
    9.3 Rock Properties for Unconventional Resource Development
    9.4 Seismic Inversion for Rock Properties
    9.5 Amplitude Variation with Angle and aZimuth
    9.6 Seismic Anisotropy for Fracture Detection
    9.7 Microseismic and Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring
    9.8 Microseismic Monitoring Case Study
    9.9 Integration of Geophysical Tools for Unconventional Resources Development
    9.10 Calculating Stimulated Reservoir Volume Based on Deformation
    9.11 Integrated Approach for Fracture Zone Characterization
    9.12 Quantifying the Risks Associated with Induced Seismicity
    References
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2013
  • Published: December 9, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080929613
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444506627

About the Authors

Fred Aminzadeh

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Petroleum and Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

Shivaji Dasgupta

Affiliations and Expertise

Saudi ARAMCO, Dahran, Saudi Arabia

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