Geophysical Exploration Technology

Geophysical Exploration Technology

Applications in Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs

1st Edition - February 6, 2014

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  • Author: Ming Li
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124104747
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104365

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Authored by one of the world’s hydrocarbon exploration experts, Geophysical Exploration Technology: Applications in Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs presents the latest technological advancements and cutting edge techniques in reservoir theory, research and exploration. Stratigraphic and lithological reservoirs play a critical role in increasing the production from oil reserves and new hydrocarbon sources. Recent resource evaluations indicate that onshore stratigraphic and subtle reservoirs account for as much as 40% of the total remaining hydrocarbon sources globally. As a result, these reservoirs will be the most practical, potential and prevalent fields for long-lasting onshore exploration. Intended as an aid in developing an understanding of the techniques of reservoir exploration, this book presents the latest and most practical methods and technology in oil and gas exploration. It can be used as a training book for lithological stratigraphic exploration and a reference for scientific and technological personnel in the oil and gas industry.

Key Features

  • Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts in stratigraphic and lithological reservoir exploration who has more than 30 years of experience in research and instruction
  • Features more than 200 figures, illustrations, and working examples to aid the reader in retaining key concepts
  • Presents the latest technological developments in reservoir exploration techniques
  • Integrates theory and application, arming readers with a rigorous yet practical approach to hydrocarbon exploration in stratigraphic and lithological reservoirs


Scientific and technological personnel in the oil and gas industry worldwide.Graduate students and instructors in geophysics and petroleum geology

Table of Contents

    • About the Author
    • Acknowledgments
    • Preface
    • Introduction
    • Chapter 1. Introduction to Geophysical Exploration Technologies for Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 1.1 Review and Prospect for Exploration of Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 1.2 Research Progress of Accumulation Theory of Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 1.3 Exploration Status and Resource Potential of Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 1.4 Exploration Methods and Technologies for Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 1.5 Four Main Exploration Domains of PetroChina Company Limited
    • Chapter 2. Sequence Stratigraphic Research Technology
      • 2.1 Basic Concepts and Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy
      • 2.2 Sequence Order and Geological Significance
      • 2.3 Sequence Boundary Signatures
      • 2.4 Sequence Stratigraphic Research Program
      • 2.5 A Case Study: Lower Tertiary in Nanpu Sag
    • Chapter 3. Seismic Coherence Technique
      • 3.1 The Coherence Concept
      • 3.2 Basic Principles of Coherence Calculation
      • 3.3 Technical Processes and Procedures of Coherence
      • 3.4 Practical Examples
    • Chapter 4. Visualization and Spectral Decomposition
      • 4.1 Concepts and Principles of Visualization
      • 4.2 Visualization Techniques
      • 4.3 Full 3D Visual Interpretation
      • 4.4 Virtual Reality Technique
      • 4.5 Spectral Decomposition Technique
      • 4.6 Examples
    • Chapter 5. Seismic Attribute Analysis
      • 5.1 Seismic Attribute Classification
      • 5.2 Methods and Analytical Methods of Seismic Attribute Extraction
      • 5.3 Key Issues of Seismic Attribute Analysis
      • 5.4 Development of Seismic Attribute Technique
    • Chapter 6. Seismic Inversion Techniques
      • 6.1 Concepts of Seismic Inversion and Its Classification
      • 6.2 Basic Principles of Seismic Inversion and Application Conditions
      • 6.3 Comparing Different Seismic Inversion Methods
      • 6.4 Reservoir Characteristic Reconstruction Methods
      • 6.5 Examples
    • Chapter 7. Prestack Seismic Inversion and Seismic Attribute Analysis
      • 7.1 Basic Concepts of Prestack Seismic Inversion and Seismic Attributes
      • 7.2 Basic Principles
      • 7.3 Processing and Interpretation Techniques
      • 7.4 Workflow and Key Steps of Seismic Inversion and Attribute Analysis
      • 7.5 Examples
    • Chapter 8. Hydrocarbon Detection Technology
      • 8.1 Seismic Anomaly Characteristics of Oil-Bearing Reservoirs
      • 8.2 Prestack AVO Hydrocarbon Detection
      • 8.3 Pattern Recognition Technology
      • 8.4 Spectral Attenuation for Hydrocarbon Detection
    • Chapter 9. Hydrocarbon Reservoir Logging Evaluation Methods and Technologies
      • 9.1 Oil and Gas Reservoir Evaluation, Technology, and Application
      • 9.2 Low-Resistivity Reservoir Evaluation
      • 9.3 Evaluating Thin Sandstone–Shale Interbedded Reservoirs
      • 9.4 Carbonate Hydrocarbon Reservoir Evaluation
      • 9.5 Evaluating Igneous Rock Hydrocarbon Reservoirs
    • Chapter 10. Applicable Scope, Advantages, and Disadvantages of Major Software Packages
      • 10.1 Coherent Body, Frequency Decomposition, and 3D Visualization
      • 10.2 Seismic Attribute Analysis
      • 10.3 Seismic Inversion
      • 10.4 Prestack Seismic Inversion and Attribute Analysis
      • 10.5 Hydrocarbon Detection
      • 10.6 Oil and Gas Reservoir Logging Evaluation
    • Chapter 11. Exploration Examples of Lithological and Stratigraphic Reservoirs
      • 11.1 Exploration Examples of Structural and Lithological Composite Reservoirs in the Southern Songliao Basin
      • 11.2 Petroleum Exploration of Carbonate Reservoirs in Lunnan Area, Tarim Basin
      • 11.3 Igneous Gas Reservoir Exploration Technology in Songliao Basin
    • References
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 480
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: February 6, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124104747
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124104365

About the Author

Ming Li

Li Ming is a master instructor in the geosciences and is now the president of Tarim Branch Institute of RIPED, Petrochina. He has authored dozens of related journal articles and several books including poroelasticity and hydrocarbon prediction and an industrial application guide of oil and gas exploration. Dr. Ming has more than 30 years of experience in stratigraphic reservoir research and exploration, with applications specific to the oil and gas industry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, People's Republic of China

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