Geomechanics of Sand Production and Sand Control

Geomechanics of Sand Production and Sand Control

1st Edition - June 29, 2022

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  • Author: Nobuo Morita
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323955058
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323955065

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Geomechanics of Sand Production and Control delivers a convenient resource for both academia and professionals to gain understanding and results surrounding sand production. Packed with rock mechanic fundamentals and field case studies, this reference offers theoretical knowledge, field and laboratory data, and operational methodologies. Gaining knowledge on better sand control production improves environmental impact, preventing corrosion of pipes, damage to surface production facilities, and disposal of produced sands, among other considerations. Sections are supported by field case studies, lab tests and modeling studies to explain the most environmentally supportive wellbore stability step-by-step methods. Authored by a very experienced professor, this reference helps engineers learn how to solve sand problems in various types of energy wells. Production engineers in oil and gas utilize sand production and sand control equipment in many completion methods, with a growing interest to expand these methods in wells for CO2 sequestration and geothermal areas, but knowledge on these methods is fragmented and lacks a bridge to support energy transition. This book provides the coverage needed to address this advancing field.

Key Features

  • Includes visual graphs derived from real-world fields and numerical models
  • Covers transition methods into other energy assets, including CO2 sequestration and geothermal wells
  • Provides solutions and examples with the inclusion of real field case studies


Petroleum engineer; production engineer; well completion engineer; graduate level petroleum engineering student; engineers involved in CO2 sequestration. Wastewater treatment engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One. Fundamental rock mechanics theory of sand production from oil and gas reservoirs
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Linear elasticity theory
  • 1.2 Finding analytical solutions useful for petroleum engineers
  • 1.3 Application of the linear elasticity theory to thick wall cylinder test for predicting the onset of sand production
  • 1.4 Application of plasticity theory to medium-strength rock
  • 1.5 In situ stress
  • 1.6 General rock properties
  • Chapter Two. Natural completion
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Field and laboratory observations of sand production from naturally completed wells
  • 2.2 Evaluation tool of onset of sand production
  • 2.3 Prediction of long-term sand production rate using an analytical model
  • 2.4 Prediction of perforation cavity evolution during early sand production using Geo3D finite element code: sand release rate coefficients obtained from SINTEF triaxial sand rate experiments
  • 2.5 Discussion and conclusions
  • 2.6 Pressure profile around perforations
  • Chapter Three. Completion methods for weak formation
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Gravel pack
  • 3.2 Frac packs
  • 3.3 Selective perforation
  • 3.4 Cased hole completion with a compartmentalized screen
  • 3.5 Openhole completion
  • 3.6 No sand control
  • 3.7 Oriented perforation
  • 3.8 Casing patch
  • 3.9 Resin treatment
  • 3.10 Skin damage and risk of completion methods
  • Chapter Four. Sand control for heavy oil reservoirs
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Heavy oil resources
  • 4.2 Cold heavy oil production with sand
  • 4.3 Field operation to identify the magnitude of matrix bypass event and the plugging capability
  • 4.4 Laboratory experiments observing long stable finger growth
  • 4.5 Simulation of laboratory flow tests
  • 4.6 Field simulation
  • 4.7 Conclusion of simulation and laboratory test analyses
  • Chapter Five. Guidelines to solving sand problems for water or gas injection wells
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Completion methods for water or gas injection wells
  • 5.2 A phenomenon observed for perforated injection wells—rock strength distribution
  • 5.3 A phenomenon observed for perforated injection wells—injectivity
  • 5.4 Sand settlement in the rat hole
  • 5.5 Cross flow
  • 5.6 Screenless frac pack
  • 5.7 Guidelines for completing water and gas injection wells
  • Chapter Six. Erosion and sand production monitoring
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Typical high flow gas/condensate production facilities
  • 6.2 Hot spots
  • 6.3 Types of erosion
  • 6.4 Equations of erosion
  • 6.5 Erosion analysis of wellhead and Xmas tree
  • 6.6 Sand rate monitoring
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix 1. Proof of continuity and uniqueness of displacement with compatibility condition
  • A1.1 Gauss theory
  • A1.2 Stokes theory
  • Appendix 2. Strain nuclei method
  • Appendix 3. Erosion equations induced by sand particles
  • A3.1 Solid particle erosion rate
  • A3.2 Erosion equation for flowline and Xmas tree. (Empirical relation, University of Tulsa consortium)
  • A3.3 WCU separator system erosion
  • A3.4 Upper completion erosion
  • A3.5 Wellhead and Christmas tree erosion
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 424
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2022
  • Published: June 29, 2022
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323955058
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323955065

About the Author

Nobuo Morita

Nobuo Morita is a professor at the Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. He teaches courses on boundary element methods for application to petroleum engineering problems, non-linear mechanics and finite element methods for geomechanics. He is a supervising professor of the Texas A&M Geomechanics Joint Industry Project. He holds sand control, borehole stability and hydraulic fracturing workshops twice per year around the world and has provided consulting services in major oil companies around the world. He was previously employed by ConocoPhillips for 14 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Texas A&M University, USA

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