Genetics, Environment, and Behavior

Genetics, Environment, and Behavior

Implications for Educational Policy

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editors: Lee Ehrman, Gilbert S. Omenn, Ernst Caspari
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269153

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Description

Genetics, Environment, and Behavior: Implications for Educational Policy is a collection of papers from the "Genetic Endowment and Environment in the Determination of Behavior" workshop in New York in October 1971. The book discusses the relationships between genetic characteristics and behavior as being significant in understanding human behavior and learning. The text also considers the different approaches made by geneticists and psychologists on this subject. Several papers review, in terms of both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the role that genetics and the environment play in determining behavior. One paper explains the possible role of genetic determination in behaviors as found in mice and men that show high probabilities of heritabilities. Another paper tackles biochemical genetics and explains the evolution of human behavior by addressing the enzyme variations in human brains and the role of language and culture. The book also cites gene-environment interactions and the variability that can be found in behavior with references to the works of Ginsburg (1967) and Vale and Vale (1969). One paper comments on the future of human behavior genetics, highlighting the distinction between what should happen and what most probably will happen. This text is suitable for sociologists, behavioral scientists, geneticists, educators, and students in psychology, psychiatry, and related branches of medicine.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1 Introductory Remarks

    References

    Chapter 2 Quantitative Aspects of Genetics and Environment in the Determination of Behavior

    The Heritable Nature of Group Differences

    Quantitative Aspects of Environmental Determination

    Summary

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Reply to Professor Fuller

    Comment

    Reply to Professor Jensen

    Comment

    Chapter 3 Qualitative Aspects of Genetics and Environment in the Determination of Behavior

    Genetic Determinism and the Influence of Physical Environment on Some Types of Behavior

    Influence of Physiological Factors, Including Hormones, on Genes

    Influence of Biological and Social Environment

    Conclusion

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 4 Genetic Determination of Behavior (Animal)

    The Comparative Method

    Animal Behavioral Genetics

    Genetics of Learning

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Comment

    Chapter 5 Genetic Determination of Behavior (Mice And Men)

    Introduction

    The Behavioral Phenotype

    Hybrids

    Trait Profiles in Different Genotypes

    Measures of Learning

    Extreme Environments and Genotypes

    Mice and Men

    The Meaning of the Term "Race"

    Conclusions and Summary

    References

    Discussion

    Comment

    Chapter 6 Human Behavior Adaptations: Speculations on Their Genesis

    General Considerations: Evolutionary Outcomes and Kinds of Selection

    A Brief Overview of Primate Phylogeny

    Evolution of Brain Size and Tool Use

    Within Species Behavioral Variability

    Adaptability and Genotype-Environment Interaction

    The Evolution of Milk Drinking

    What Next?

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 7 Biochemical Genetics and the Evolution of Human Behavior

    Evolutionary Development of the Biological Substrate

    Evolution of Allelic Gene Products

    Evolution by Gene Duplication

    Reductionistic Description of the Human Nervous System

    Protein Polymorphisms

    Current Studies of Enzyme Variation in Human Brain

    Approaches to Complex Behavioral Phenotypes

    The Central Role of Language in the Evolution of Man

    The Impact of Evolution of Man's Culture upon Man

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 8 Gene-Environment Interactions and the Variability Of Behavior

    Introduction

    What Is Interaction?

    Just as the Twig Is Bent? (Illustrations from Early Experience Studies)

    Parameters of Interaction

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Comment

    References

    Comment

    Reference

    Chapter 9 The Meaning of the Cryptanthroparion

    Introduction

    The Formulation of the Scientific Problem

    The Logistics of Research in the Problem of Human Behavior and Genetics

    The Relationship of the Scientific Problem to Society

    Final Statement

    References

    Discussion

    Chapter 10 Human Behavioral Genetics

    What Are the Effects of Single Genes on Behavior?

    What Are the Effects of Chromosome Aberrations on Behavior?

    How Can Behavior Whose Transmission Is Unknown Be Screened for Sensitivity to Genetic Differences?

    How Can the Inheritance of Behavioral Attributes Be Studied?

    Do Psychological Factors Have Genetic Significance?

    To What Extent Are Group Differences in Behavior Genetic?

    What Are the Effects of Behavior on Population Structure and Selection?

    Summary

    References

    Discussion

    References

    Editor's Comment

    References

    Chapter 11 The Future of Human Behavior Genetics

    Within and between Ethnic Group Comparisons

    Integration of Behavior Genetics, Biochemistry and Physiology

    Most Likely Future Research

    Needed Ancillary Research

    Need for "Basic" Theoretical Formation

    References

    Appendix 1: Suggestions for Ideal Body of "Core" Data to Be Collected in Cooperative Studies

    Editor's Comment

    References for Appendix

    Discussion

    References

    Chapter 12 Comments on School Effects, Gene-Environment Covariance, and the Heritability of Intelligence

    The Search for Explanation: Do Schools Make a Difference?

    Prediction or Explanation: Gene-Environment Covariance

    The Heritability of Intelligence and School Achievement

    References

    Epilogue

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269153

About the Editors

Lee Ehrman

Gilbert S. Omenn

Ernst Caspari

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