Description

This multidisciplinary book is at the crossroads between two major scientific fields of the 21st century: evolutionary biology and infectious diseases. The genomic revolution has upset modern biology and has revolutionized our approach to ancient disciplines such as evolutionary studies. In particular, this revolution is profoundly changing our view on genetically driven human phenotypic diversity, and this is especially true in disease genetic susceptibility. Infectious diseases are indisputably the major challenge of medicine. When looking globally, they are the number one killer of humans and therefore the main selective pressure exerted on our species. Even in industrial countries, infectious diseases are now far less under control than 20 years ago. The first part of this book covers the main features and applications of modern technologies in the study of infectious diseases. The second part provides detailed information on a number of the key infectious diseases such as malaria, SARS, avian flu, HIV, tuberculosis, nosocomial infections and a few other pathogens that will be taken as examples to illustrate the power of modern technologies and the value of evolutionary approaches.

Key Features

  • Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases
  • Includes contributions from leading authorities
  • Provides the latest developments in the field

Readership

Researchers in infectious disease, epidemiology, genetics and evolutionary biology and health professionals

Table of Contents

Introduction: the need for a holistic approach to infectious diseases - Michel Tibayrenc

(1) Molecular epidemiology and species definition of pathogens - Michel Tibayrenc

(2) Virus species- Marc Van Regenmortel

(3) Viral evolution- Hiroshi Haeno and Yoh

(4) Species concept in bacteria - Frederick M. Cohan

(5) Population structure of pathogenic bacteria - James Musser & Robert Selander

(6) Evolution and pathogenesis of fungal organisms – Tatiana Giraud et al

(7) Clonal evolution - Thierry de Meeus & Franck Prugnolle

(8) Co-evolution between host and pathogen - Andrew Morgan

(9) Elucidating human migration by means of their pathogens - Thierry Wirth

(10) Phylogenetic analysis of pathogens - David A. Morrison

(11) Evolutionary effects of infectious diseases on humans - Henry Harpending & Gregory Cochran

(12) General human population genetics, major genomic projects and their

relevance for biomedical research - Michel Tibayrenc

(13) Pathogen and vector sequencing projects - Brendan Loftus

(14) Proteomics and Host–Pathogen Interactions: a bright future? David Biron et al

(15) Evolution of antibiotic resistance - Mark C. Enright

(16) Mechanisms of antiviral resistance - Anthony Vere Hodge & Hugh Field,

(17) Evolution of resistance to insecticides in disease vectors - Pierrick Labbé et al

(18) Genetics of major insect vectors – Patricia Dorn et al

(19) Modern morphometrics of medically important insects - Jean-Pierre Dujardin

(20) Multilocus sequence typing of pathogens - Marcos Perez-Losada et al

(21) Analysis of pathogen evolution using microarrays – Wei Zhang

(22) The bioinformatics revolution and infectious diseases - Mark van der Giezen

(23) Genomics of infectious diseases and private industry - Guy Vernet

(24) Pharmacogenetics: The à la c

Details

No. of pages:
772
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Print ISBN:
9780123848901
Electronic ISBN:
9780123848918

About the author

Michel Tibayrenc

Michel Tibayrenc, MD, PhD, has worked on evolution of infectious diseases for more than 35 years. A director of research emeritus at the French Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), he is the founder and editor-in-chief of Infection, Genetics and Evolution (Elsevier), with a 2014 impact factor of 3.015, and the founder and principal organizer of the international congresses MEEGID (stands for molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics of infectious diseases). He is the author of more than 200 international papers. He has worked 1 year in Algeria (as a general practicioner), 1 year in French Guiana, 7 years in Bolivia, 5 years in the United States and 3 years in Thailand. He has been the head of the unit of research “genetics and evolution of infectious diseases’” at the IRD research center in Montpellier, France, for 20 years. With his collaborator Jenny Telleria, he is the founder and scientific adviser of the Bolivian Society of Human Genetics (2012). He has won the prize of the Belgian Society of tropical medicine (1985), the medal of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro (2000) for his work on Chagas disease and he is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1993).