Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

1st Edition - July 18, 2013

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  • Editors: Mohar Singh, Hari Upadhyaya, I. Bisht
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123984944

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Description

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development.

Key Features

  • Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes
  • Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance
  • Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts
  • Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement
  • Internationally contributed work

Readership

Agronomists; plant geneticists and plant breeding professionals; horticultural scientists; those involved with grain and cereal crops and sustainable agriculture; crop physiologists, ecologists, and ecophysiologists; plant physiologists, environmental microbiologists

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    List of Contributors

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Common Bean

    1.2 Pea

    1.3 Chickpea

    1.4 Faba Bean

    1.5 Cowpea

    1.6 Lentil

    1.7 Pigeon Pea

    1.8 Peanut

    1.9 Asian Vigna

    1.10 Grass Pea

    1.11 Horsegram

    References

    2. European Common Bean

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Taxonomy, Origin, Distribution and Diversity of Cultivated Phaseolus vulgaris

    2.3 Introduction and Dissemination in Europe

    2.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation (Ex-Situ, In-Situ, On-Farm)

    2.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Use

    2.6 A Glimpse at Crop Improvement

    2.7 Biochemical and Molecular Diversity

    2.8 The Germplasm Safeguarded Through the Attribution of Quality Marks

    2.9 Characterization and Evaluation of Landraces: Some Case Studies

    2.10 Conclusions

    Acknowledgement

    References

    3. Peas

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Systematics

    3.3 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    3.4 Germplasm Characterization and Evaluation

    3.5 Germplasm Maintenance

    3.6 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    3.7 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    3.8 Pea Genomic Resources

    3.9 Conclusions

    References

    4. Chickpea

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    4.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    4.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    4.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Maintenance

    4.6 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    4.7 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    4.8 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    4.9 Chickpea Genomic Resources

    4.10 Conclusions

    References

    5. Faba Bean

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    5.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    5.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    5.5 Germplasm Maintenance

    5.6 Use of Genetic Diversity in Faba Bean Breeding

    5.7 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    5.8 Faba Bean Genomic Resources

    5.9 Conclusions

    References

    6. Cowpea

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    6.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    6.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    6.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Maintenance

    6.6 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    6.7 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    6.8 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    6.9 Cowpea Genomic Resources

    6.10 Conclusions

    References

    7. Lentil

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    7.3 Biosystematics

    7.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    7.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Maintenance

    7.6 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    7.7 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    7.8 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    7.9 Lentil Genomic Resources

    7.10 Conclusions

    References

    8. Pigeon Pea

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    8.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    8.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    8.5 Germplasm Characterization and Evaluation

    8.6 Germplasm Maintenance

    8.7 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    8.8 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    8.9 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    8.10 Pigeon Pea Genomic Resources

    8.11 Conclusions

    References

    9. Peanut

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    9.3 Genomic Affinities and Speciation

    9.4 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    9.5 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    9.6 Germplasm Maintenance and Evaluation

    9.7 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    9.8 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    9.9 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    9.10 Peanut Genomic Resources

    9.11 New Sources of Genetic Diversity

    9.12 Conclusions

    References

    10. Asian Vigna

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Origin, Distribution and Diversity

    10.3 Genetic Resource Management

    10.4 Germplasm Utilization

    10.5 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    10.6 Vigna Species Genomic Resources

    10.7 Conclusions

    References

    11. Grass Pea

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    11.3 Cytotaxonomy and Genomic Evolution

    11.4 Phylogenetic Relationships and Genetic Diversity

    11.5 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    11.6 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    11.7 Germplasm Evaluation

    11.8 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    11.9 Limitations in Germplasm Use

    11.10 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    11.11 Grass Pea Genomic Resources

    11.12 Conclusions

    References

    12. Horsegram

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

    12.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

    12.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

    12.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Maintenance

    12.6 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

    12.7 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

    12.8 Horsegram Genomic Resources

    12.9 Conclusions

    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 322
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 18, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123984944

About the Editors

Mohar Singh

Dr Mohar Singh has made an outstanding contribution in the management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in India. His research interest reflects a continuum of high quality basic and strategic research in pulses. He has developed 3 core sets, 2 reference sets, registered 4 genetic stocks, 25 gene sequences, 06 farmer varieties and 2 lentil varieties developed through distant hybridization for rainfed areas of north-western Indian himalaya. Conducted 10 explorations on crop wild relatives (CWRs) and explored >900 wild germplasm of cereals, oilseeds and pulses. He is instrumental to initiate pre-breeding in chickpea and lentil in India for securing national nutritional demand. His pioneer research work on understanding the population structure and diversity assessment of global wild species of lentil and chickpea is very well known. This has led to the identification of most target gene sources in the secondary and tertiary gene pool of chickpea and lentil for biofortification of cultivated varieties including several yield and major biotic and abiotic stress related traits were successfully incorporated in cultivated backgrounds of these two important pulse crops. Successful deployment of marker assisted breeding for introgression of two most promising superior haplotypes with high seed weight and high pod number from cultivated and wild species into high yielding varieties of chickpea for improving their overall yield and productivity. Dr Singh has a distinguished record of high quality peer research publications to his credit including scientific reports, DNA Research, Plant Science, Frontiers in Plant Science, PLOS ONE, Plant Breeding, Crop Science, Euphytica, Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Journal of Experimental Biology, Plant Genetic Resources of Cambridge, Journal of Genetics, Journal of Environmental Biology, Advances in Hort Science, Journal of Genetics and Breeding, and Indian J. Genet. He is recipient of Harbhajan Memorial Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources Regional Station, Shimla, India

Hari Upadhyaya

Professor (Plant Genetic Resources), International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Hyderabad, India

Affiliations and Expertise

International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, India

I. Bisht

Principal Scientist cum Head Gene Bank, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa, New Delhi, India

Affiliations and Expertise

National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, India

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