Description

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change.

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development.

Key Features

  • Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes
  • Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance
  • Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts
  • Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement
  • Internationally contributed work

Readership

Agronomists; plant geneticists and plant breeding professionals; horticultural scientists; those involved with grain and cereal crops and sustainable agriculture; crop physiologists, ecologists, and ecophysiologists; plant physiologists, environmental microbiologists

Table of Contents

Preface

List of Contributors

1. Introduction

1.1 Common Bean

1.2 Pea

1.3 Chickpea

1.4 Faba Bean

1.5 Cowpea

1.6 Lentil

1.7 Pigeon Pea

1.8 Peanut

1.9 Asian Vigna

1.10 Grass Pea

1.11 Horsegram

References

2. European Common Bean

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Taxonomy, Origin, Distribution and Diversity of Cultivated Phaseolus vulgaris

2.3 Introduction and Dissemination in Europe

2.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation (Ex-Situ, In-Situ, On-Farm)

2.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Use

2.6 A Glimpse at Crop Improvement

2.7 Biochemical and Molecular Diversity

2.8 The Germplasm Safeguarded Through the Attribution of Quality Marks

2.9 Characterization and Evaluation of Landraces: Some Case Studies

2.10 Conclusions

Acknowledgement

References

3. Peas

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Systematics

3.3 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

3.4 Germplasm Characterization and Evaluation

3.5 Germplasm Maintenance

3.6 Limitations in Germplasm Use

3.7 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

3.8 Pea Genomic Resources

3.9 Conclusions

References

4. Chickpea

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity and Taxonomy

4.3 Erosion of Genetic Diversity from the Traditional Areas

4.4 Status of Germplasm Resources Conservation

4.5 Germplasm Evaluation and Maintenance

4.6 Use of Germplasm in Crop Improvement

4.7 Limitations in Germplasm Use

4.8 Germplasm Enhancement Through Wide Crosses

4.9 Chickpea Genomic Resources

4.10 Conclusions

References

5. Faba Bean

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Origin, Distribution, Diversity an

Details

No. of pages:
322
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Print ISBN:
9780123979353
Electronic ISBN:
9780123984944

About the authors

Mohar Singh

Senior Scientist, Plant Breeding, Germplasm Evaluation Division, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Dehli, India

Hari Upadhyaya

Professor (Plant Genetic Resources), International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Hyderabad, India

I. Bisht

Principal Scientist cum Head Gene Bank, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa, New Delhi, India

Reviews

"Curators at gene banks and researchers — most in Syria, India, and Nigeria — survey the scientific literature to identify genetic resources available for improving 11 grain legumes, also called field legumes and pulses, for various purposes. The legumes are European common beans, peas, chickpeas (garbanzo beans) faba (fava, broad) beans, cowpeas, lentils, pigionpeas, peanuts, the Asian vigna, grass peas, and horsegram."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013