Generative Phonology

Generative Phonology

Description and Theory

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Authors: Michael Kenstowicz, Charles Kisseberth
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277394

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Generative Phonology: Description and Theory provides a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of generative phonology and the applications of these concepts in further study of phonological structure. This book is composed of 10 chapters and begins with a survey of phonology in the overall model of generative grammar and introduces the principles of phonetics to. The subsequent chapters introduce the fundamental concept of a phonological rule that relates an underlying representation to a phonetic representation and this concept is applied to the analysis of morphophonemic alternation. These topics are followed by a presentation of phonological sketches of four diverse languages in terms of rules relating underlying and phonetic representations, as well as the major corpus-internal principles and techniques of phonological analysis. The discussion then shifts to the theoretical aspects of phonology, the various degrees of abstractness, and the proposals to limit the divergence between underlying and phonetic representation. Other chapters deal with some of the issues revolving around the representation of sounds and the various hypotheses as to how phonological rules apply to convert the underlying representation to the phonetic representation, particularly the kinds of considerations that motivate rule-ordering statements. The last chapters explore the major notational devices commonly employed in the formulation of phonological rules and the role of syntactic and lexical information in controlling the application of phonological rules. This book is intended primarily for linguistics and phonologists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Preliminaries

    The Setting of Phonology within Generative Grammar

    Linguistic Phonetics: A Brief Survey

    2 Phonological Rules and Representations

    The Null Hypothesis





    3 Alternation





    4 Phonological Sketches

    The Yawelmani Dialect of Yokuts



    Makua (Bantu)


    5 Evidence and Motivation

    Corpus-Internal Evidence

    Corpus-External Evidence


    6 The Problem of Abstractness

    The Morpheme Alternant Theory

    The Basic Alternant

    Abstract Segments

    The Alternation Condition

    The True Generalization Condition


    7 The Representation of Sounds

    The Feature Notation

    A Survey of the Features

    The Syllable

    The Representation of Tone


    8 Rule Interaction

    The Direct Mapping Hypothesis

    The Free Reapplication Hypothesis

    The Ordered-Rule Hypothesis

    The Multiple Application Problem


    9 Notation

    Convention on Rule Application

    Abbreviatory Devices—An Overview

    The Parenthesis Notation

    Angled Brackets

    The Brace Notation

    Variable Feature Values

    Mirror-Image Rules

    Transformational Rules in Phonology

    The Representation of Length

    Sources of Evidence for the Underlying Unity of Phonological Processes


    10 The Role of Syntax and the Lexicon in Phonology

    Extragrammatical Information

    Lexical Information

    Grammatical Categories and Features


    Cyclic Rules

    Morpheme Structure Constraints



    Language Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 474
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277394

About the Authors

Michael Kenstowicz

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Illinois, Urbana, U.S.A.

Charles Kisseberth

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Illinois, Urbana, U.S.A.

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