General Circulation Models of the Atmosphere

General Circulation Models of the Atmosphere

1st Edition - June 28, 1977

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  • Editor: Julius Chang
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154826

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Description

Methods in Computational Physics, Volume 17: General Circulation Models of the Atmosphere is a five-chapter text that covers the fundamentals and application of general circulation models to solving practical problems related to the atmosphere. The first chapter describes the various options in modeling physical processes and computational procedures. The next two chapters illustrate the influence of practical considerations to the compromise between a detailed physical description and reasonable computing time. Other chapters outline the computational details of two different numerical schemes for general circulation models. These chapters particularly provide an in-depth analysis of finite difference methods by proceeding from general considerations of homogeneous incompressible flow to the fine details of the particular numerical scheme. The final chapter discusses the fundamentals of the alternative spectral method for a multilevel spectral model that illustrates the capability of that approach. This book is of value to geoscientists, mathematicians, and physicists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Computational Aspects of Numerical Models for Weather Prediction and Climate Simulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Equations of the Atmosphere

    III. Principal Procedure in Numerical Prediction

    IV. Physical Processes in Prediction Models

    V. Numerical Integration Methods

    VI. Initial Conditions

    VII. Future Outlook

    References

    United Kingdom Meteorological Office Five-Level General Circulation Model

    I. Introduction

    II. Coordinate System and Grid

    III. Basic Equations and Finite Difference Approximations

    IV. Dissipation Terms (Lateral Eddy Viscosity)

    V. Large-Scale Precipitation and Latent Heating

    VI. Simple Boundary Layer Parameterization

    VII. Representation of Surface Exchange Processes

    VIII. Treatment of Land and Ice Surfaces

    IX. Convective Interchange

    X. Radiation Scheme

    XI. Model's January and July Simulations

    List of Symbols

    References

    A Description of the NCAR Global Circulation Models

    I. Origin and Development of the NCAR Global Circulation Models

    II. Continuous Equations

    III. Numerical Approximation

    IV. Application of NCAR Models

    References

    Computational Design of the Basic Dynamical Processes of the UCLA General Circulation Model

    I. Outline of the General Circulation Model

    II. Principles of Mathematical Modeling

    IV. Basic Governing Equations

    V. The Vertical Difference Scheme of the Model

    VI. The Horizontal Difference Scheme of the Model

    VII. Vertical and Horizontal Differencing of the Water Vapor and Ozone Continuity Equations

    VIII. Time Differencing

    IX. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Global Modeling of Atmospheric Flow by Spectral Methods

    I. Introduction

    II. Spectral Algebra

    III. Multilevel Spectral Model

    IV. Numerical Weather Prediction via a Spectral Model

    V. General Circulation via a Spectral Model

    VI. Conclusion

    Appendix

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Contents of Previous Volumes














Product details

  • No. of pages: 348
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: June 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154826

About the Editor

Julius Chang

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