General Botany - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125228503, 9781483219011

General Botany

1st Edition

Authors: Wilhelm Nultsch
eBook ISBN: 9781483219011
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 454
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Description

General Botany covers certain aspects of general botany, such as morphology, anatomy, and histology. The book discusses the molecular constitution of plants; the structural constitution of the protoplasm, the cell, and the cytoplasm; and the differentiation of the cell. The text also describes the types of organization in plants; the internal and external structure of the stem, the leaf, and the root; and water and salt balance, with regard to the translocation of materials. The energy procurement and the synthetic processes in autotrophic plants; the respiration and energy transformations; and nitrogen metabolism are also considered. The book further tackles heterotrophy; reproduction; heredity; development; and the movement of plants. Botanists, cytologists, plant physiologists, and students taking related courses will find the text invaluable.

Table of Contents


Contents

Editors Preface

Authors Preface

Chapter 1. The Molecular Constitution of Plants

The Elemental Composition of Plants

Carbon

The Formation of Molecules, Origin of Life

The Principal Molecular Building Units

Macromolecules

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 2. The Structural Constitution of the Protoplasm

The Basic Structure of the Protoplasm

The Lamellar Structural Principal

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 3. The Cell

The Cytoplasm

Mitochondria(Chondriosomes )

Other Inclusions

Plastids

The Cell Nucleus

The Cell Wall

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 4. Differentiation of the Cell

Differentiation and Primary Cell Types

Stages of Differentiation

Mature Cell Types

Selected Bd3liography

Chapter 5. Types of Organization in Plants

Protophytes

Thallophytes

Bryophytes

Tracheophytes

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 6. Internal and External Structure of the Stem

Tissue Differentiation and Primary Structure of the Stem

Secondary Thickening

Morphology of the Stem

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 7. The Leaf

Arrangement of the Leaves On The Shoot

Anatomy of the Foliage Leaf

Metamorphoses of the Leaf

Summary

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 8. The Root

The Primary Structure of the Root

Secondary Growth in Thickness

Metamorphoses of the Root

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 9. Water and Salt Balance: Translocation of Materials

The Water Balance of the Cell

Water Uptake

Transpiration

Water Conduction

Uptake of Mineral Salts

Materials Transport

Selected Bd3liography

Chapter 10. Energy Procuring and Synthetic Processes in Autotrophic Plants

Chemical Reactions and Energy Transfer in Plant Cells

Biocatalysis

Photosynthesis

Chemosynthesis

Utilization of the Assimdlation Products

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 11. Respiration and Energy Transformations

The Oxidative Breakdown of Carbohydrates

Fermentation

Direct Oxidation of Glucose

Selected Bd3liography

Chapter 12. Nitrogen Metabolism

The Source of Nitrogen

The Incorporation of Nitrogen

Degradation of Nitrogenous Compounds

The Nitrogen Cycle

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 13. Heterotrophy

Saprophytes

Parasites

Symbiosis

Insectivores

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 14. Reproduction

Vegetative Reproduction

Sexual Reproduction

The Alternation of Generations

Reproduction of the Spermatophytes

The Reproduction of Fungi

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 15. Heredity

The Analysis of the Genotype

Chemical Nature of Genes

Mutations

Mode of Action of the Genes

Selection of the Sexes

Extrachromosomal Heredity

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 16. Development

Growth of Unicellular Organisms

Growth of the Higher Plants

Control of Organ Development

The Effect of External Factors On Development

Rhythms of Development

Selected Bibliography

Chapter 17. Movement of Plants

Mechanisms of Motion

Free Locomotion

Autonomic Movements

Induction of Movements By Excitation Processes

Radiation Effects

Gravitational Effects

Chemical Effects

Mechanical Stimuli

Selected Bibliography

References

Taxonomic Summary

Evolution Summary

Ecology Summary

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
454
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483219011

About the Author

Wilhelm Nultsch