Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies

1st Edition

Mechanisms, Modelling and Future Developments

Editors: Richard Gangloff Brian Somerday
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095367
eBook ISBN: 9780857095374
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 19th January 2012
Page Count: 520
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Table of Contents

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Part I: Mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals

Chapter 1: Hydrogen adsorption on the surface of metals


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Adsorption effect

1.3 Elementary processes in adsorption

1.4 The structure of the H–Me adsorption complex

1.5 Kinetic equations and equilibrium

1.6 Conclusions

Chapter 2: Analysing hydrogen in metals: bulk thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) methods


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Principle of thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) measurements

2.3 Experimental aspects of thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS)

2.4 Complementary techniques

2.5 Conclusion

Chapter 3: Analyzing hydrogen in metals: surface techniques


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Available techniques for analyzing hydrogen

3.3 Methods for analyzing hydrogen in metals: basic principles

3.4 Applications of hydrogen analysis methods

3.5 Ion beam-based methods

3.6 Conclusion

Chapter 4: Hydrogen diffusion and trapping in metals


4.1 Introduction: hydrogen uptake

4.2 Solubility of hydrogen in metals

4.3 Principles of hydrogen diffusion and trapping

4.4 Modelling of hydrogen diffusion and trapping

4.5 Measurement of hydrogen diffusion

4.6 Hydrogen diffusion data

4.7 Conclusions

4.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 5: Control of hydrogen embrittlement of metals by chemical inhibitors and coatings


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Chemical barriers to hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE): gaseous inhibitors

5.3 Physical barriers to hydrogen environment embrittlement (HEE)

5.4 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 6: The role of grain boundaries in hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) of steels<


Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies.

Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems.

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation.

Key Features

  • Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure
  • Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals
  • Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life


Engineers working in the energy sector and academics interested in this important topic.


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This book is a worthwhile purchase for anybody with a serious interest in the area of hydrogen embrittlement. It is a valuable reference for scientists and engineers alike, whether they are university students or experienced professionals., Materials World

About the Editors

Richard Gangloff Editor

Brian Somerday Editor

Affiliations and Expertise