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Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780750678469, 9780080456898

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

3rd Edition

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Author: Meherwan Boyce
eBook ISBN: 9780080456898
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750678469
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 28th April 2006
Page Count: 962
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The Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook has been the standard for engineers involved in the design, selection, and operation of gas turbines. This revision includes new case histories, the latest techniques, and new designs to comply with recently passed legislation. By keeping the book up to date with new, emerging topics, Boyce ensures that this book will remain the standard and most widely used book in this field.

The new Third Edition of the Gas Turbine Engineering Hand Book updates the book to cover the new generation of Advanced gas Turbines. It examines the benefit and some of the major problems that have been encountered by these new turbines. The book keeps abreast of the environmental changes and the industries answer to these new regulations. A new chapter on case histories has been added to enable the engineer in the field to keep abreast of problems that are being encountered and the solutions that have resulted in solving them.

Key Features

  • Comprehensive treatment of Gas Turbines from Design to Operation and Maintenance. In depth treatment of Compressors with emphasis on surge, rotating stall, and choke; Combustors with emphasis on Dry Low NOx Combustors; and Turbines with emphasis on Metallurgy and new cooling schemes. An excellent introductory book for the student and field engineers
  • A special maintenance section dealing with the advanced gas turbines, and special diagnostic charts have been provided that will enable the reader to troubleshoot problems he encounters in the field
  • The third edition consists of many Case Histories of Gas Turbine problems. This should enable the field engineer to avoid some of these same generic problems


Industrial Engineers, Maintenance Engineers, Field Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Design Engineers

Table of Contents

Part I: Design

Chapter 1: An Overview of Gas Turbines

Gas Turbine Cycle in the Combined Cycle or Cogeneration Mode

Gas Turbine Performance

Gas Turbine Design Considerations

Categories of Gas Turbines

Major Gas Turbine Components

Fuel Type

Environmental Effects

Turbine Expander Section



Gas Turbine Heat Recovery

Supplementary Firing of Heat Recovery Systems


Chapter 2: Theoretical and Actual Cycle Analysis

The Brayton Cycle

Actual Cycle Analysis

The Brayton-Rankine Cycle

Summation of Cycle Analysis

A General Overview of Combined Cycle Plants

Compressed Air Energy Storage Cycle

Power Augmentaion

Summation of the Power Augmentation Systems


Chapter 3: Compressor and Turbine Performance Characteristics

Turbomachine Aerothermodynamics

The Aerothermal Equations


Dimensional Analysis

Compressor Performance Characteristics

Turbine Performance Characteristics

Gas Turbine Performance Computation


Chapter 4: Performance and Mechanical Standards

Major Variables for a Gas Turbine Application

Performance Standards

Mechanical Parameters

Application of the Mechanical Standards to the Gas Turbine



Chapter 5: Rotor Dynamics

Mathematical Analysis

Application to Rotating Machines

Critical Speed Calculations for Rotor Bearing Systems

Electromechanical Systems and Analogies

Campbell Diagram


Part II: Major Components

Chapter 6: Centrifugal Compressors

Centrifugal Compressor Components

Centrifugal Compressor Performance

Compressor Surge

Process Centrifugal Compressors


Chapter 7: Axial-Flow Compressors


Blade and Cascade Nomenclature

Elementary Airfoil Theory

Laminar-Flow Airfoils

Energy Increase

Velocity Triangles

Degree of Reaction

Radial Equilibrium

Diffusion Factor

The Incidence Rule

The Deviation Rule

Compressor Operation Characteristics

Compressor Choke

Compressor Performance Parameters

Performance Losses in an Axial-Flow Compressor

New Developments in Axial-Flow Compressors

Axial-Flow Compressor Research

Compressor Blade Material



Chapter 8: Radial-Inflow Turbines



Design Considerations

Losses in a Radial-Inflow Turbine

Performance of a Radial-Inflow Turbine


Chapter 9: Axial-Flow Turbines

Turbine Geometry

Impulse Turbine

The Reaction Turbine

Turbine Blade Cooling Concepts

Turbine Blade Cooling Design

Cooled-Turbine Aerodynamics

Turbine Losses


Chapter 10: Combustors

Combustion Terms


Combustion Chamber Design

Fuel Atomization and Ignition

Typical Combustor Arrangements

Air Pollution Problems

Catalytic Combustion


Part III: Materials, Fuel Technology, and Fuel Systems

Chapter 11: Materials

General Metallurgical Behaviors in Gas Turbines

Creep and Rupture

Ductility and Fracture

Cyclic Fatigue

Thermal Fatigue


Reactions—Ni-Base Alloys

Gas Turbine Materials

Turbine Wheel Alloys

Compressor Blades

Forgings and Nondestructive Testing



Shroud Coatings

Future Coatings


Chapter 12: Fuels


Fuel Specifications

Fuel Properties

Heavy Fuels

Fuel Gas Handling and Treatment

Equipment for Removal of Particulates and Liquids from Fuel Gas Systems

Fuel Heating

Cleaning of Turbine Components

Fuel Economics

Operating Experience

Heat Tracing of Piping Systems

Types of Heat-Tracing Systems

Storage of Liquids


Part IV: Auxiliary Components and Accessories

Chapter 13: Bearings and Seals


Bearing Design Principles

Tilting-Pad Journal Bearings

Bearing Materials

Bearing and Shaft Instabilities

Thrust Bearings

Factors Affecting Thrust-Bearing Design

Thrust-Bearing Power Loss


Noncontacting Seals

Mechanical (Face) Seals

Mechanical Seal Selection and Application

Seal Systems

Associated Oil System

Dry Gas Seals


Chapter 14: Gears


Factors Affecting Gear Design

Manufacturing Processes

Installation and Initial Operation


Part V: Installation, Operation, and Maintenance

Chapter 15: Lubrication

Basic Oil System

Lubricant Selection

Oil Sampling and Testing

Oil Contamination

Filter Selection

Cleaning and Flushing

Coupling Lubrication

Lubrication Management Program


Chapter 16: Spectrum Analysis

Vibration Measurement

Taping Data

Interpretation of Vibration Spectra

Subsynchronous Vibration Analysis Using RTA

Synchronous and Harmonic Spectra


Chapter 17: Balancing

Rotor Imbalance

Balancing Procedures

Application of Balancing Techniques

User’s Guide for Multiplane Balancing

Data Sheet 1

Data Sheet 2


Chapter 18: Couplings and Alignment

Gear Couplings

Continuously Lubricated Couplings

Gear Coupling Failure Modes

Metal Diaphragm Couplings

Metal Disc Couplings

Turbomachinery Uprates


Chapter 19: Control Systems and Instrumentation

Control Systems

Condition Monitoring Systems

Monitoring Software

Implementation of a Condition Monitoring System

Life Cycle Costs

Temperature Measurement

Pressure Measurement

Vibration Measurement

Auxiliary System Monitoring

The Gas Turbine

Failure Diagnostics

Turbine Efficiency

Mechanical Problem Diagnostics

Combination of Units of Yield Efficient Power Load Distribution for Different Demand Loads



Chapter 20: Gas Turbine Performance Test


Performance Codes

Flow Straighteners

Pressure Measurement

Temperature Measurement

Flow Measurement

Gas Turbine Test

Gas Turbine

Air Inlet Filter Module

Compressor Module

Combustor Module

Expander Module

Life Cycle Consideration of Various Critical Hot Section Components

Performance Curves

Performance Computations

General Governing Equations

Gas Turbine Performance Calculation

Gas Turbine Performance Calculations

Correction Factors for Gas Turbines

Vibration Measurement

Rotor Dynamics

Vibration Measurements

Emission Measurements


Plant Losses


Chapter 21: Maintenance Techniques

Philosophy of Maintenance


Maximization of Equipment Efficiency and Effectiveness

Organization Structures for a Performance-Based Total Productive Maintenance Program

Implementation of a Performance-Based Total Productive Maintenance

Maintenance Department Requirements

Training of Personnel

I. Type of Personnel

II. Types of Training

Tools and Shop Equipment

Spare Parts Inventory

Condition and Life Assessment

Availability and Reliability

Redesign for Higher Machinery Reliability

Gas Turbine Start-up

Redesign for Higher Machinery Reliability

Advanced Gas Turbines

Axial-Flow Compressor

Axial-Flow Turbine

Maintenance Scheduling

Maintenance Communications


Long-Term Service Agreements

Borescope Inspection

Maintenance of Gas Turbine Components


Compressor Cleaning

Compressor Water Wash

Different Wash Systems

On-Line Wash Cleaning System

Off-Line Crank Wash Cleaning System

On-Line and Off-Line Water Wash Fluids

Off-Line Crank Wash Procedure



Rejuvenation of Used Turbine Blades

Rotor Dynamic System Characteristics

Bearing Maintenance

Clearance Checks

Thrust-Bearing Failure

Coupling Maintenance

Repair and Rehabilitation of Turbomachinery Foundations

Installation Defects

Increasing Mass and Rigidity


Chapter 22: Case Histories

Axial-Flow Compressors

Combustion Systems

Axial-Flow Turbines

Appendix: Equivalent Units


Short Bio-Data


No. of pages:
© Gulf Professional Publishing 2005
28th April 2006
Gulf Professional Publishing
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Author

Meherwan Boyce

Dr. Boyce has 40 years of experience in the field of Turbomachinery in both industry and academia. His industrial experience includes 20 years as Chairman and CEO of Boyce Engineering International, and five years as a designer of compressors and turbines for various gas turbine manufacturers. His academic experience includes 15 years as Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M University and Founder of the Turbomachinery Laboratories and The Turbomachinery Symposium, which is now in its thirtieth year. Dr. Boyce is the author of several books and has authored more than 100 technical papers and reports on Gas Turbines, Compressors Pumps, Fluid Mechanics, and Turbomachinery and has taught over 100 short courses around the world, attended by over 3,000 students representing over 400 companies. He is a much-requested speaker at universities and conferences throughout the world.Dr. Boyce received a B.S. and M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and the State University of New York, respectively, and a Ph.D. (Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Oklahoma.

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant and managing partner of The Boyce Consultancy Group, Texas, USA


Review of first edition:
"The handbook should find its place in all the reference libraries of those engineers and technicians who have even a small responsibility for design and operation of gas turbines." --Clifford M. Simmang, Texas A&M University

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