Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials: CHEMRAWN I

Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials: CHEMRAWN I

CHEMRAWN Chemical Research Applied to Words Needs

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editors: L.E. St-Pierre, G. R. Brown
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159621

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Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials: CHEMRAWN I is a collection of lectures presented at the World Conference on Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials, held in Toronto, Canada, on July 10-13, 1978. The conference focused on potential future sources of organic raw materials such as non-conventional fossil hydrocarbons, coal, industrial and agricultural wastes, and renewable resources like wood and other plant materials. This book is comprised of 52 chapters and opens with an assessment of the likely future availability of conventional oil and gas as they relate to possible demands for petrochemical feedstocks, paying particular attention to the availability and demand patterns for fossil hydrocarbons. The following chapters discuss the reserves and worldwide distribution of oil shale and tar sands; climate and its impact on renewable resources; research and management of natural resources; and production of chemicals directly from synthesis gas. Pyrolysis of solid carbonaceous materials is also considered, along with natural rubber production and biomass for non-food use. This monograph will be a useful resource for organic chemists and energy policymakers.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword

    Availability and Demand Patterns for Fossil Hydrocarbons

    Oil Shale and Tar Sands

    Coal and the Human Need for Energy

    Availability and Demand Patterns for Renewable Resources—Forestry


    Availability and Demand Patterns for Renewable Resources: Urban and Industrial Wastes

    Future of the Synthetic Chemical Industry in Japan

    Matter: a Resource Ignored by Thermodynamics—Renewable Resource Economics

    The Reference Materials System—a Framework for Substitution Analysis

    The Organic Materials System: toward Making Practical Choices

    Climate and Its Impact on Renewable Resources

    Changing Location of the Chemical Industry

    Research and Management of Natural Resources

    The Structure and Chemistry of Coal: the Search for a Typical Coal Molecule

    Synthesis Gas Technology

    Chemicals, Feedstocks and Fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and Related Syntheses

    Chemicals Production Directly from Synthesis Gas

    Homogeneous Catalysis

    Heterogeneous Catalysis at the End of the Century

    Extraction, Preparation, Transport and Storage of Solid Carbonaceous Material

    The Liquefaction of Solid Carbonaceous Materials

    Pyrolysis of Solid Carbonaceous Materials

    Prospects for Photon-Induced Syntheses of Organic Raw Materials

    Chemicals from Tar Processing

    Carbons from Selected Organic Feedstocks

    Peat as a Source of Chemical Raw Materials

    Limits to the Productive Capacity of the Biosphere

    Biomass for Non-Food Use

    Tropical Biomass Systems

    A New Look at Natural Rubber Production

    Organic Chemicals from the Desert

    Chemical and Biological Nitrogen Fixation

    Future Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural and Forestry Research

    Trends in Available Feedstock Composition

    Future Feedstocks from Petroleum—Oil and Gas: New Petroleum Production Technologies

    New Petroleum Refining Technology

    Advances in Production of Olefins from Residual Oils

    Tar Sands and Related Products as Chemical Feedstocks

    Oil Shales as Sources of Chemical Feedstocks

    New Aspects of the Production of Chemicals from Biomass

    The Ethanol Based Economy—the Brazilian Experiment

    Enzymatic Production of Chemicals

    Carbohydrates as Renewable Feedstocks

    Anaerobic Microbial Digestion as a Route to Methane and Renewable Carbon Sources

    Organic Chemicals from the Sea

    Fibers to Meet the World's Expanding Needs

    Solar Energy Use through Biology—Past and Future

    Photosynthesis and Biosynthetic Pathways to Chemicals

    A New Understanding of the Carbohydrate System

    The Challenge of Lignin

    The Future of Lipids from Plant and Animal Sources

    Genetic Engineering of Microorganisms for the Production of Biomedically and Industrially Important Materials

    Index of Contributors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 660
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159621

About the Editors

L.E. St-Pierre

G. R. Brown

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