Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials: CHEMRAWN I is a collection of lectures presented at the World Conference on Future Sources of Organic Raw Materials, held in Toronto, Canada, on July 10-13, 1978. The conference focused on potential future sources of organic raw materials such as non-conventional fossil hydrocarbons, coal, industrial and agricultural wastes, and renewable resources like wood and other plant materials. This book is comprised of 52 chapters and opens with an assessment of the likely future availability of conventional oil and gas as they relate to possible demands for petrochemical feedstocks, paying particular attention to the availability and demand patterns for fossil hydrocarbons. The following chapters discuss the reserves and worldwide distribution of oil shale and tar sands; climate and its impact on renewable resources; research and management of natural resources; and production of chemicals directly from synthesis gas. Pyrolysis of solid carbonaceous materials is also considered, along with natural rubber production and biomass for non-food use. This monograph will be a useful resource for organic chemists and energy policymakers.
Foreword Availability and Demand Patterns for Fossil Hydrocarbons Oil Shale and Tar Sands Coal and the Human Need for Energy Availability and Demand Patterns for Renewable Resources—Forestry Agriculture Availability and Demand Patterns for Renewable Resources: Urban and Industrial Wastes Future of the Synthetic Chemical Industry in Japan Matter: a Resource Ignored by Thermodynamics—Renewable Resource Economics The Reference Materials System—a Framework for Substitution Analysis The Organic Materials System: toward Making Practical Choices Climate and Its Impact on Renewable Resources Changing Location of the Chemical Industry Research and Management of Natural Resources The Structure and Chemistry of Coal: the Search for a Typical Coal Molecule Synthesis Gas Technology Chemicals, Feedstocks and Fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and Related Syntheses Chemicals Production Directly from Synthesis Gas Homogeneous Catalysis Heterogeneous Catalysis at the End of the Century Extraction, Preparation, Transport and Storage of Solid Carbonaceous Material The Liquefaction of Solid Carbonaceous Materials Pyrolysis of Solid Carbonaceous Materials Prospects for Photon-Induced Syntheses of Organic Raw Materials Chemicals from Tar Processing Carbons from Selected Organic Feedstocks Peat as a Source of Chemical Raw Materials Limits to the Productive Capacity of the Biosphere Biomass for Non-Food Use Tropical Biomass Systems A New Look at Natural Rubber Production Organic Chemicals from the Desert Chemical and Biological Nitrogen Fixation Future Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultural and Forestry Research Trends in Available Feedstock Composition Future Feedstocks from Petroleum—Oil and Gas: New Petroleum Production Technologies New Petroleum Refining Technology Advances in Production of Olefins from Residual Oils Tar Sands and Related Products as Chemical Feedstocks Oil Shales as Sources of Chemical Feedstocks New Aspects of the Production of
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- © Pergamon 1980
- 1st January 1980
- eBook ISBN: