Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants

Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants

1st Edition - April 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Marshal Mace
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143912

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Description

Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants focuses on wilt diseases caused by the fungal genera Verticillium, Fusarium, and Ceratocystis. Special attention is given to the interactions of physiological, biochemical, and anatomical factors, as these relate to pathogenesis and mechanisms of disease resistance. Organized into 16 chapters, this book begins with a description, in a historical perspective, of the major research themes in fungal wilt diseases. It then looks into the worldwide status of this plant disease. The three subsequent chapters describe the epidemiology and life cycle of the major fungal wilt pathogens in Fusarium, Verticillium, and Ceratocystis. This book also provides an in-depth view of the genetics and biochemistry of these pathogens; the nature of pathogenesis and the effects of wilt pathogens on host-water relations; and the sources and genetics of host resistance in field and fruit crops, vegetable crops, and shade trees. Other chapters are dedicated to the biochemistry, physiology, and the anatomical aspects of resistance and to the progress in the biological and chemical control of these pathogens. This text will be of great value to graduate students and senior research scientists in plant pathology, physiology, and biochemistry, who are specifically involved in studying wilt diseases and host-parasite interactions. It will provide them the detailed background information needed to supplement their specialized research interests.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1 An Overview

    I. Introduction

    II. Causal Agents

    III. Disease Syndrome

    IV. Vascular Colonization

    V. Wilting Phenomenon

    VI. Dissemination and Survival

    VII. Disease Complexes—Nematodes and Wilt Fungi

    References

    Chapter 2 Current Status

    I. Introduction

    II. Verticillium Wilts

    III. Fusarium Wilts

    IV. Vascular Wilts Caused by Fungi That Are Not Usually Soil-Borne

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Fusarium oxysporum

    I. Introduction

    II. The Fungus

    III. The Disease

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 4 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Verticillium

    I. Introduction

    II. Life Cycles

    III. Epidemiology

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Ceratocystis

    I. Introduction

    II. Ceratocystis ulmi

    III. Ceratocystis fagacearum

    IV. Epilogue

    References

    Chapter 6 Genetics and Biochemistry of Wilt Pathogens

    I. Growth Requirements

    II. Metabolism

    III. Morphogenesis

    IV. Variation among Wilt Fungi

    V. Genetic Analysis of Wilt Fungi

    VI. Genetics and Biochemistry as Tools for Wilt Pathogen Research

    References

    Chapter 7 Biochemistry and Physiology of Pathogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Colonization of the Xylem Vessels

    III. Induction of Symptoms

    IV. Altered Growth Substance Metabolism in Vascular Wilt-Infected Plants

    V. Respiratory Changes in Diseased Plants

    VI. Photosynthesis

    VII. Effect of Photoperiod on Symptom Development

    VIII. Altered Phenol Metabolism

    IX. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 8 Water Relations

    I. Introduction

    II. Water Relations in the Healthy Plant

    III. Water Relations in Hadromycoses

    IV. Discussion

    References

    Chapter 9 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Field and Fruit Crops

    I. General Considerations

    II. Field Crops

    III. Fruit Crops

    IV. Prospects

    References

    Chapter 10 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Vegetable Crops

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetics of Fungal Wilt Resistance of Some Vegetables

    III. Conclusions

    IV. Summary Table

    References

    Chapter 11 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Shade Trees

    I. Introduction

    II. Breeding and Selection of Trees for Disease Resistance

    III. Resistance to Specific Diseases

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 12 Biochemistry and Physiology of Resistance

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiology of Induced Changes of Resistance

    III. Environmental Determinants of Resistance

    IV. Mechanisms of Resistance to Fungal Growth

    V. Mechanisms of Resistance to Fungal Phytotoxins

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 13 Anatomy of Resistance

    I. A Brief History

    II. Resistance in Extravascular Root Tissues

    III. Resistance within the Vascular System

    IV. Hyperplasia and Hypertrophy in Resistance

    V. Genetic Control of Resistance Mechanisms

    References

    Chapter 14 Biological Control

    I. Biological Balance

    II. Biological Control

    III. Relevant Features of Pathogenic Fungi

    IV. Biological Control prior to Infection: Suppressive Soils

    V. Biological Control after Infection

    VI. Some Supplemental Practices in Biological Control

    VII. Epilogue

    References

    Chapter 15 Chemical Control

    I. Introduction

    II. Preventive Control with General Biocides

    III. Therapeutic Control with Systemic Chemicals

    IV. Diseases Controlled with Fungicides

    V. Discussion

    References

    Chapter 16 Reflections

    I. Introduction

    II. Utility of Basic Studies of Disease

    III. Genetics and Host-Parasite Relationships

    IV. Reduction and Synthesis

    References

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 654
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: April 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143912

About the Editor

Marshal Mace

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