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Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124644502, 9780323143912

Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants

1st Edition

Editor: Marshal Mace
eBook ISBN: 9780323143912
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1981
Page Count: 654
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Fungal Wilt Diseases of Plants focuses on wilt diseases caused by the fungal genera Verticillium, Fusarium, and Ceratocystis. Special attention is given to the interactions of physiological, biochemical, and anatomical factors, as these relate to pathogenesis and mechanisms of disease resistance. Organized into 16 chapters, this book begins with a description, in a historical perspective, of the major research themes in fungal wilt diseases. It then looks into the worldwide status of this plant disease. The three subsequent chapters describe the epidemiology and life cycle of the major fungal wilt pathogens in Fusarium, Verticillium, and Ceratocystis. This book also provides an in-depth view of the genetics and biochemistry of these pathogens; the nature of pathogenesis and the effects of wilt pathogens on host-water relations; and the sources and genetics of host resistance in field and fruit crops, vegetable crops, and shade trees. Other chapters are dedicated to the biochemistry, physiology, and the anatomical aspects of resistance and to the progress in the biological and chemical control of these pathogens. This text will be of great value to graduate students and senior research scientists in plant pathology, physiology, and biochemistry, who are specifically involved in studying wilt diseases and host-parasite interactions. It will provide them the detailed background information needed to supplement their specialized research interests.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Chapter 1 An Overview

I. Introduction

II. Causal Agents

III. Disease Syndrome

IV. Vascular Colonization

V. Wilting Phenomenon

VI. Dissemination and Survival

VII. Disease Complexes—Nematodes and Wilt Fungi


Chapter 2 Current Status

I. Introduction

II. Verticillium Wilts

III. Fusarium Wilts

IV. Vascular Wilts Caused by Fungi That Are Not Usually Soil-Borne

V. Conclusions


Chapter 3 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Fusarium oxysporum

I. Introduction

II. The Fungus

III. The Disease

IV. Summary


Chapter 4 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Verticillium

I. Introduction

II. Life Cycles

III. Epidemiology

IV. Conclusions


Chapter 5 Life Cycle and Epidemiology of Ceratocystis

I. Introduction

II. Ceratocystis ulmi

III. Ceratocystis fagacearum

IV. Epilogue


Chapter 6 Genetics and Biochemistry of Wilt Pathogens

I. Growth Requirements

II. Metabolism

III. Morphogenesis

IV. Variation among Wilt Fungi

V. Genetic Analysis of Wilt Fungi

VI. Genetics and Biochemistry as Tools for Wilt Pathogen Research


Chapter 7 Biochemistry and Physiology of Pathogenesis

I. Introduction

II. Colonization of the Xylem Vessels

III. Induction of Symptoms

IV. Altered Growth Substance Metabolism in Vascular Wilt-Infected Plants

V. Respiratory Changes in Diseased Plants

VI. Photosynthesis

VII. Effect of Photoperiod on Symptom Development

VIII. Altered Phenol Metabolism

IX. Conclusions


Chapter 8 Water Relations

I. Introduction

II. Water Relations in the Healthy Plant

III. Water Relations in Hadromycoses

IV. Discussion


Chapter 9 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Field and Fruit Crops

I. General Considerations

II. Field Crops

III. Fruit Crops

IV. Prospects


Chapter 10 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Vegetable Crops

I. Introduction

II. Genetics of Fungal Wilt Resistance of Some Vegetables

III. Conclusions

IV. Summary Table


Chapter 11 Sources and Genetics of Host Resistance in Shade Trees

I. Introduction

II. Breeding and Selection of Trees for Disease Resistance

III. Resistance to Specific Diseases

IV. Conclusions


Chapter 12 Biochemistry and Physiology of Resistance

I. Introduction

II. Physiology of Induced Changes of Resistance

III. Environmental Determinants of Resistance

IV. Mechanisms of Resistance to Fungal Growth

V. Mechanisms of Resistance to Fungal Phytotoxins

VI. Conclusions


Chapter 13 Anatomy of Resistance

I. A Brief History

II. Resistance in Extravascular Root Tissues

III. Resistance within the Vascular System

IV. Hyperplasia and Hypertrophy in Resistance

V. Genetic Control of Resistance Mechanisms


Chapter 14 Biological Control

I. Biological Balance

II. Biological Control

III. Relevant Features of Pathogenic Fungi

IV. Biological Control prior to Infection: Suppressive Soils

V. Biological Control after Infection

VI. Some Supplemental Practices in Biological Control

VII. Epilogue


Chapter 15 Chemical Control

I. Introduction

II. Preventive Control with General Biocides

III. Therapeutic Control with Systemic Chemicals

IV. Diseases Controlled with Fungicides

V. Discussion


Chapter 16 Reflections

I. Introduction

II. Utility of Basic Studies of Disease

III. Genetics and Host-Parasite Relationships

IV. Reduction and Synthesis




No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1981
28th April 1981
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Marshal Mace

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