Fundamentals of Weed Science

Fundamentals of Weed Science

4th Edition - August 9, 2013

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  • Author: Robert Zimdahl
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123978189
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123944269

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Description

This book addresses herbicides and their use as an important aspect of modern weed management and strives to place them in an ecological framework. Many weed scientists believe agriculture is a continuing struggle with weeds--without good weed control, good and profitable agriculture is impossible. Each agricultural discipline sees itself as central to agriculture's success and continued progress, and weed science is no exception. While not denying the importance of weed management to successful agriculture, this book places it in a larger ecological context. The roles of culture, economics, and politics in weed management are also discussed, enabling scientists and students to understand the larger effects on society.

Key Features

  • Information on New herbicides included, along with the old herbicides that are important for understanding the history
  • New section on weed resistance to herbicides and genetic engineering
  • New information on invasive plants
  • Expanded chapters on Biological Control, Pesticide Legislation and Regulation, Weed Management Systems, and more
  • Instructor resources can be found at http://textbooks.elsevier.com/web/Login.aspx, and it is password protected. Please contact your sales representative at textbooks@elsevier.com for access to the instructor resources. The insturctor site consists of chapter questions, essay questions, an exam and images from the book

Readership

Graduate students, faculty, and researchers in weed science; government officials

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 2. Weeds—The Beginning

    The Beginning

    Definition of the Word Weed

    Characteristics of Weeds

    Harmful Aspects of Weeds

    Cost of Weeds

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 3. Weed Classification

    Phylogenetic Relationships

    A Note About Names

    Classification Methods

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 4. Uses of Weeds—Ethnobotany

    Food for Humans

    Feed for Animals

    Medical Uses

    Agricultural Uses

    Ornamental Uses

    Insect or Disease Traps

    Pollution Control

    Other Uses

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 5. Weed Reproduction and Dispersal

    Seed Production

    Seed Dispersal

    Seed Germination—Dormancy

    Vegetative or Asexual Reproduction

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 6. Weed Ecology

    Human Influences on Weed Ecology

    The Weed–Crop Ecosystem

    Environmental Interactions

    Fundamental Ecological Concepts

    Plant Competition

    Plant Characteristics and Competitiveness

    The Relationship between Weed Density and Crop Yield

    Magnitude of Competitive Loss

    Duration of Competition

    Economic Analyses

    Mathematical Models of Competition

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 7. Weed Population Genetics

    Genetic Diversity

    Gene Expression and Phenotypic Diversity

    Mating Systems

    Evolution of Weed Populations

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 8. Invasive Plants

    What is an Invasive Species?

    What is the Extent of Invasive Plants?

    Which Species will be Invasive?

    Why do Invasions Occur?

    Consequences of Plant Invasions

    Management of Invasive Plants

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 9. Allelopathy

    Allelopathic Chemistry

    Production of Allelochemicals

    Allelopathy and Weed–Crop Ecology

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 10. Methods of Weed Management

    Prevention, Control, Eradication, and Management Defined

    Preventive Techniques and Weed Laws

    Nonchemical Methods of Weed Management

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 11. Weed Management for Organic Farming Systems

    Introduction

    What is Organic Agriculture?

    Feeding the World

    Methods of Weed Management in Organic Agriculture

    A Different View

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 12. Biological Weed Control

    General

    Methods of Application

    Biological Control Agents

    Integration of Techniques

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 13. Introduction to Chemical Weed Control

    History of Chemical Weed Control

    Advantages of Herbicides

    Disadvantages of Herbicides

    Classification of Herbicides

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 14. Herbicides and Plants

    Factors Affecting Herbicide Performance

    General

    Foliar-Active Herbicides

    Physiology of Herbicides in Plants

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 15. Herbicides and Soil

    Soil

    Factors Affecting Soil-Applied Herbicides

    Soil Persistence of Herbicides

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Further Reading

    Chapter 16. Properties and Uses of Herbicides

    Introduction

    Light-Dependent Herbicides

    Fatty Acid Biosynthesis Inhibition

    Cell Growth Inhibition

    Auxin-Like Action—Growth Regulators

    Amino Acid Biosynthesis Inhibition

    Inhibitors of Respiration

    Unknown and Miscellaneous

    Summary

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 17. Herbicide Formulation

    Introduction

    Types of Herbicide Formulations

    Surfactants and Adjuvants

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 18. Herbicide Resistance and Genetically Modified Crops

    Definitions

    Development of the Problem

    The Advent of GM Crops

    Concerns and Criticism of GM Crops

    Challenges

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 19. Herbicides and the Environment

    Herbicide Performance

    Ecological Changes

    Environmental Contamination

    Energy Relationships

    Herbicide Safety

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Further Reading

    Chapter 20. Pesticide Legislation and Registration

    The Principles of Pesticide Registration

    Federal Laws

    Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

    The Environmental Protection Agency

    Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act

    Procedural Summary

    Tolerance Classes

    Procedures for Pesticide Registration

    A Final Comment

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 21. Weed Management Systems

    Introduction

    A Metaphor for Weed Management

    The Logical Steps of Weed Management

    Weed Management Principles in Seven Systems

    Molecular Biology in Weed Management

    Weed Management Decision Aids

    Summary

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Chapter 22. Weed Science—The Future

    Research Needs

    Political Considerations

    Conclusion

    Things to Think About

    Literature Cited

    Appendix 1. List of Crop and Other Non-Weedy Plants Cited in Text

    Appendix 2. Weeds Cited in Text

    Glossary of Terms Used in Weed Science

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 664
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2013
  • Published: August 9, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123978189
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123944269

About the Author

Robert Zimdahl

Robert L. Zimdahl is a Professor of Weed Science at Colorado State University. He received his Ph.D. in Agronomy from Oregon State University. Among his many honors and awards, Dr. Zimdahl was elected a Fellow of the Weed Science Society of America in 1986 and currently serves as editor of that society’s journal, Weed Science. He has been a member of several international task forces and has authored a number of books and articles on the subject of weed science. He is the author of Fundamentals of Weed Science, and Six Chemicals that Changed Agriculture both from Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Weed Science, Colorado State University, CO, USA

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