Description

This is a text book presenting the fundamentals of thermophotovoltaic(TPV) energy conversion suitable for an upper undergraduate or first year graduate course. In addition it can serve as a reference or design aid for engineers developing TPV systems. Mathematica design programs for interference filters and a planar TPV system are included on a CD-Rom disk. Each chapter includes a summary and concludes with a set of problems.

The first chapter presents the electromagnetic theory and radiation transfer theory necessary to calculate the optical properties of the components in a TPV optical cavity. Using a simplified model, Chapter 2 develops expressions for the maximum efficiency and power density for an ideal TPV system. The next three chapters consider the three major components in a TPV system; the emitter, filter and photovoltaic(PV) array. Chapter 3 applies the electromagnetic theory and radiation transfer theory presented in Chapter 1 in the calculation of spectral emittance. From the spectral emittance the emitter efficiency is calculated. Chapter 4 discusses interference, plasma and resonant array filters plus an interference filter with an imbedded metallic layer, a combined interference-plasma filter and spectral control using a back surface reflector(BSR) on the PV array. The theory necessary to calculate the optical properties of these filters is presented. Chapter 5 presents the fundamentals of semiconductor PV cells. Using transport equations calculation of the current-voltage relation for a PV cell is carried out. Quantum efficiency, spectral response and the electrical equivalent circuit for a PV cell are introduced so that the PV cell efficiency and power output can be calculated.

The final three chapters of the book consider the combination of the emitter, filter and PV array that make up the optical cavity of a TPV system. Chapter 6 applies radiation transfer theory to calculate the cavity efficiency of planar and cylindrical optical c

Key Features

  • First text written on thermophotovoltaic(TPV) energy conversion
  • Includes all the necessary theory to calculate TPV system performance
  • Author has been doing TPV energy conversion research since 1980's
  • Emphasizes the fundamentals of TPV energy conversion
  • Includes a summary and problem set at the end of each chapter
  • Includes Mathematica programs for calculating optical properties of interference filters and planar TPV system performance solution software

Readership

Undergraduate or first year graduates and TPV researchers

Table of Contents

Author's Information Acknowledgements Preface Chapter 1. Introduction Chapter 2. Maximum Efficiency and Power Density for TPV Energy Conversion Chapter 3. Emitter Performances Chapter 4. Optical Filters for Thermophotovoltaics Chapter 5. Photovoltaic Cells Chapter 6. Governing Equations for Radiation Fluxes in Optical Cavity Chapter 7. Radiation Losses in Optical Cavity Chapter 8. TPV System Performance Appendices Index

Details

No. of pages:
530
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444527219
Electronic ISBN:
9780080560687

About the author

Donald Chubb

I began research on thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion in the late 1980’s. This early research concentrated on thick films of single crystal rare earth garnet selective emitters. Since then I have investigated other types of selective emitters and been a co-principal investigator on a NASA program to develop a radioisotope powered TPV system.

Affiliations and Expertise

NASA-Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, U.S.A.