Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems

1st Edition

Authors: Robert Laurini Derek Thompson
Print ISBN: 9780124383807
eBook ISBN: 9780080924205
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 9th March 1992
Page Count: 680
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The study and application of spatial information systems have been developed primarily from the use of computers in the geosciences. These systems have the principle functions of capturing, storing, representing, manipulating, and displaying data in 2-D and 3-D worlds. This book approaches its subject from the perspectives of informatics and geography, presenting methods of conceptual modeling developed in computer science that provide valuable aids for resolving spatial problems. This book is an essential textbook for both students and practitioners. It is indispensable for academic geographers, computer scientists, and the GIS professional.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features @bul:* Serves as the first comprehensive textbook on the field of Spatial Information Systems (also known as Geographic Information Systems)

  • Contains extensive illustrations
  • Presents numerous detailed examples


Graduate students and researchers in geography, computer science, scientific computing, and applications in scientific computing.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Spatial Context: Geomatics. Introduction to Spatial Information Systems. Needs. Purposes and Types of Spatial Problem. Semantics. Objects, Surfaces, Data.

Geometries For Spatial Data: Geometries. Position, Representation, Dimensions. Topology. Graphs, Areas, Ordering. Tessellations. Regular and Irregular Cells, Hierarchies. Manipulations. Interpolations, Geometric Operations, Transformations. Spatial Analysis. Attribute Data, Modelling, Integration.

Conceptual Modelling for Spatial Data: Design for Information Systems. Methodologies, Issues. Spaghetti: Conceptual Modelling of Line-Oriented Objects. Pizza: Conceptual Modelling for Areas and Volumes. Spatial Object Modelling. Views, Integration, Complexities.

Spatial Data Retrieval and Reasoning: Algebras. Relational and Peano Tuple. Spatial Queries. Types, Algorithms. Access and Quality: Spatial Indices and Integrity Constraints. Hypermedia. Multimedia Spatial Information Systems and Hypermaps. Spatial Knowledge. Intelligent Spatial Information Systems. Afterword. Index.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1992
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Author

Robert Laurini

Affiliations and Expertise

Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France

Derek Thompson

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Maryland at College Park


@qu:"It is...the first serious attempt to write a GIS text that has some substantial computer science in it.... an exciting new treatment of the computer science of GIS." @source:--Michael Goodchild, NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS @qu:"I think this is a remarkable book, and the two very different personalities have combined to produce a very cohesive piece of work. This book presents a detailed and comprehensive discussion of the technical and theoretical aspects of spatial information. It ranges widely over important themes such as the nature and sources of spatial information, spatial referencing and modelling. This book should be essential reading for all those involved in teaching, research and development in spatial information systems. It is a comprehensive course book for all those who take Masters or Doctoral research in GIS, and should become a standard graduate-level text." @source:--Michael Blakemore, NATIONAL ONLINE MANPOWER INFORMATION SYSTEM, United Kingdom @qu:"I am impressed with the approach... the combination of the backgrounds of the authors--a geographer and a computer scientist--has worked to produce a book with a distinct 'modern' perspective." @source:--Andrew U. Frank, NATIONAL CENTER FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS @qu:"A real service to the field... The book is rich with examples, many supported by the large number of clear--and clearly labeled--tables, diagrams, and other graphics; these illustrations...will be especially useful in teaching or explaining the topics covered... It should be especially attractive to students and others new to this growing field who will find it provides a thorough introduction to the underlying concepts." @source:--Jack Dangerod, President, ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH INSTITUTE, Inc. (ESRI)