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Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780123972194, 9780123978257

Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes

3rd Edition

Author: Aldo da Rosa
eBook ISBN: 9780123978257
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123972194
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 11th September 2012
Page Count: 908
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With energy sustainability and security at the forefront of public discourse worldwide, there is a pressing need to foster an understanding of clean, safe alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power. Aldo da Rosa’s highly respected and comprehensive resource fulfills this need; it has provided thousands of engineers, scientists, students and professionals alike with a thorough grounding in the scientific principles underlying the complex world of renewable energy technologies. This new third edition of the classic text highlights advances in this vital area, which are proceeding at an unprecedented pace, allowing everyone interested in this burgeoning field to keep up with the latest developments in diverse topics from solar cooling to renewable energy storage.

Key Features

  • Illuminates the basic principles behind all key renewable power sources- solar, wind, biomass, hydropower and fuel cells
  • Connects scientific theory with practical implementation through physical examples; end-of-chapter questions help readers apply their knowledge
  • Written by one of the world’s foremost experts in renewable energy, drawing from his decades of experience in academia and industry


Engineers, scientists and technicians working with Renewable Energy. Students in Engineering and Physics programs; Researchers and Investors working in energy-related disciplines

Table of Contents

Foreword to the Third Edition

Foreword to the Second Edition

Foreword to the First Edition


Chapter 1. Generalites

1.1 Units and Constants

1.2 Energy and Utility

1.3 Conservation of Energy

1.4 Planetary Energy Balance

1.5 The Energy Utilization Rate

1.6 The Population Explosion

1.7 The Market Penetration Function

1.8 Planetary Energy Resources

1.9 Energy Utilization

1.10 The Efficiency Question

1.11 The Ecology Question

1.12 Financing

1.13 The Cost of Electricity



Part I: Heat Engines

Chapter 2. A Minimum of Thermodynamics and of the Kinetic Theory of Gases

2.1 The Motion of Molecules

2.2 Manipulating Confined Gases (Closed Systems)

2.3 Manipulating Flowing Gases (Open Systems)

2.4 Entropy and Lossy Systems

2.5 Distribution Functions

2.6 Boltzmann’s Law

2.7 Phases of a Pure Substance

2.8 Symbology



Chapter 3. Mechanical Heat Engines

3.1 Heats of Combustion

3.2 Carnot Efficiency

3.3 Engine Types

3.4 The Otto Engine

3.5 Gasoline

3.6 Knocking

3.7 Rankine Cycle

3.8 The Brayton Cycle

3.9 Combined Cycles

3.10 Hybrid Engines for Automobiles

3.11 The Stirling Engine



Chapter 4. Ocean Thermal Energy Converters

4.1 Introduction

4.2 OTEC Configurations

4.3 OTEC Efficiency

4.4 OTEC Design

4.5 Heat Exchangers

4.6 Siting



Chapter 5. Thermoelectricity

5.1 Experimental Observations

5.2 Thermoelectric Thermometers

5.3 The Thermoelectric Generator

5.4 Figure of Merit of a Material

5.5 The Wiedemann-Franz-Lorenz Law

5.6 Thermal Conductivity in Solids

5.7 Seebeck Coefficient of Semiconductors

5.8 Performance of Thermoelectric Materials

5.9 Some Applications of Thermoelectric Generators

5.10 Design of a Thermoelectric Generator

5.11 Thermoelectric Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

5.12 Temperature Dependence

5.13 Battery Architecture

5.14 The Physics of Thermoelectricity

5.15 Directions and Signs

5.16 Appendix



Chapter 6. Thermionics

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Thermionic Emission

6.3 Electron Transport

6.4 Lossless Diodes with Space Charge Neutralization

6.5 Losses in Vacuum Diodes with No Space Charge

6.6 Real Vacuum-Diodes

6.7 Vapor Diodes

6.8 High-Pressure Diodes



Chapter 7. AMTEC

7.1 Operating Principle

7.2 Vapor Pressure

7.3 Pressure Drop in the Sodium Vapor Column

7.4 Mean Free Path of Sodium Ions

7.5 V - I Characteristics of an AMTEC

7.6 Efficiency

7.7 Thermodynamics of an AMTEC


Chapter 8. Radio-Noise Generators

8.1 Sole Section


Part II: The World of Hydrogen

Chapter 9. Fuel Cells

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Voltaic Cells

9.3 Fuel Cell Classification

9.4 Fuel Cell Reactions

9.5 Typical Fuel Cell Configurations

9.6 Fuel Cell Applications

9.7 The Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells

9.8 Performance of Real Fuel Cells


Chapter 10. Hydrogen Production

10.1 Generalities

10.2 Chemical Production of Hydrogen

10.3 Electrolytic Hydrogen

10.4 Thermolytic Hydrogen

10.5 Photolytic Hydrogen

10.6 Photobiologic Hydrogen Production



Chapter 11. Hydrogen Storage

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Compressed Gas

11.3 Cryogenic Hydrogen

11.4 Storage of Hydrogen by Adsorption

11.5 Storage of Hydrogen in Chemical Compounds

11.6 Hydride Hydrogen Compressors

11.7 Hydride Heat Pumps



Part III: Energy from the Sun

Chapter 12. Solar Radiation

12.1 The Nature of the Solar Radiation

12.2 Insolation

12.3 Solar Collectors

12.4 Some Solar Plant Configurations

12.5 The Measurement of Time

12.6 Orbital Mechanics



Chapter 13. Biomass

13.1 Introduction

13.2 The Composition of Biomass

13.3 Biomass as Fuel

13.4 Photosynthesis



Chapter 14. Photovoltaic Converters

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Theoretical Efficiency

14.3 Carrier Multiplication

14.4 Spectrally Selective Beam Splitting

14.5 Thermo-photovoltaic Cells

14.6 The Ideal and the Practical

14.7 Solid-State Junction Photodiode

14.8 The Reverse Saturation Current

14.9 Practical Efficiency

14.10 Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC)

14.11 Organic Photovoltaic Cells (OPC)

14.12 Solar-Power Satellite

14.13 Solar Energy to DC Conversion

14.14 Microwave Generation

14.15 Radiation System

14.16 Receiving Array

14.17 Attitude and Orbital Control

14.18 Space Transportation and Space Construction

14.19 Future of Space Solar Power Projects

Appendix A: Values of two definite integrals used in the calculation of photodiode performance



Part IV: Wind and Water

Chapter 15. Wind Energy

15.1 History

15.2 Wind Machine Configurations

15.3 Measuring the Wind

15.4 Availability of Wind Energy

15.5 Wind Turbine Characteristics

15.6 Principles of Aerodynamics

15.7 Airfoils

15.8 Reynolds Number

15.9 Aspect Ratio

15.10 Wind Turbine Analysis

15.11 Magnus Effect



Chapter 16. Ocean Engines

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Wave Energy

16.3 Tidal Energy

16.4 Energy from Currents

16.5 Salination Energy

16.6 Osmosis

16.7 Further Reading



Chapter 17. Nuclear Energy

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Fission Reactors

17.3 Fusion Reactors

17.4 Cold Fusion



Chapter 18. Storage of Energy

18.1 Generalities

18.2 Electrochemical Storage (Batteries)

18.3 Capacitive Storage





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© Academic Press 2012
11th September 2012
Academic Press
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About the Author

Aldo da Rosa

Dr. da Rosa taught the perennially popular Renewable Energy course at Stanford University for over 30 years. Former Chairman of the Brazilian National Research Council, Director of the Aeronautical Technical Center, and founder of Brazilian NASA, he also served as the CEO of a tech start-up, Chairman of the Board for a microprocessor manufacturer, and as a member of Siemens Corporation’s scientific advisory board.

Affiliations and Expertise

Stanford University, Professor Emeritus (deceased), USA


"…very helpful to serious students in this rapidly advancing field…includes key introductory material with the technical detail needed to understand the engineering principles that govern renewable energy applications, making the work suitable for core energy courses. Clear theory, physical examples, and end-of-chapter questions will prompt students to apply the theory to practical cases." --CHOICE April 2013

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