Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes

Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes

3rd Edition - September 11, 2012

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  • Author: Aldo da Rosa
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123978257

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With energy sustainability and security at the forefront of public discourse worldwide, there is a pressing need to foster an understanding of clean, safe alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power. Aldo da Rosa’s highly respected and comprehensive resource fulfills this need; it has provided thousands of engineers, scientists, students and professionals alike with a thorough grounding in the scientific principles underlying the complex world of renewable energy technologies. This new third edition of the classic text highlights advances in this vital area, which are proceeding at an unprecedented pace, allowing everyone interested in this burgeoning field to keep up with the latest developments in diverse topics from solar cooling to renewable energy storage.

Key Features

  • Illuminates the basic principles behind all key renewable power sources- solar, wind, biomass, hydropower and fuel cells
  • Connects scientific theory with practical implementation through physical examples; end-of-chapter questions help readers apply their knowledge
  • Written by one of the world’s foremost experts in renewable energy, drawing from his decades of experience in academia and industry


Engineers, scientists and technicians working with Renewable Energy. Students in Engineering and Physics programs; Researchers and Investors working in energy-related disciplines

Table of Contents

  • Foreword to the Third Edition

    Foreword to the Second Edition

    Foreword to the First Edition


    Chapter 1. Generalites

    1.1 Units and Constants

    1.2 Energy and Utility

    1.3 Conservation of Energy

    1.4 Planetary Energy Balance

    1.5 The Energy Utilization Rate

    1.6 The Population Explosion

    1.7 The Market Penetration Function

    1.8 Planetary Energy Resources

    1.9 Energy Utilization

    1.10 The Efficiency Question

    1.11 The Ecology Question

    1.12 Financing

    1.13 The Cost of Electricity



    Part I: Heat Engines

    Chapter 2. A Minimum of Thermodynamics and of the Kinetic Theory of Gases

    2.1 The Motion of Molecules

    2.2 Manipulating Confined Gases (Closed Systems)

    2.3 Manipulating Flowing Gases (Open Systems)

    2.4 Entropy and Lossy Systems

    2.5 Distribution Functions

    2.6 Boltzmann’s Law

    2.7 Phases of a Pure Substance

    2.8 Symbology



    Chapter 3. Mechanical Heat Engines

    3.1 Heats of Combustion

    3.2 Carnot Efficiency

    3.3 Engine Types

    3.4 The Otto Engine

    3.5 Gasoline

    3.6 Knocking

    3.7 Rankine Cycle

    3.8 The Brayton Cycle

    3.9 Combined Cycles

    3.10 Hybrid Engines for Automobiles

    3.11 The Stirling Engine



    Chapter 4. Ocean Thermal Energy Converters

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 OTEC Configurations

    4.3 OTEC Efficiency

    4.4 OTEC Design

    4.5 Heat Exchangers

    4.6 Siting



    Chapter 5. Thermoelectricity

    5.1 Experimental Observations

    5.2 Thermoelectric Thermometers

    5.3 The Thermoelectric Generator

    5.4 Figure of Merit of a Material

    5.5 The Wiedemann-Franz-Lorenz Law

    5.6 Thermal Conductivity in Solids

    5.7 Seebeck Coefficient of Semiconductors

    5.8 Performance of Thermoelectric Materials

    5.9 Some Applications of Thermoelectric Generators

    5.10 Design of a Thermoelectric Generator

    5.11 Thermoelectric Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

    5.12 Temperature Dependence

    5.13 Battery Architecture

    5.14 The Physics of Thermoelectricity

    5.15 Directions and Signs

    5.16 Appendix



    Chapter 6. Thermionics

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Thermionic Emission

    6.3 Electron Transport

    6.4 Lossless Diodes with Space Charge Neutralization

    6.5 Losses in Vacuum Diodes with No Space Charge

    6.6 Real Vacuum-Diodes

    6.7 Vapor Diodes

    6.8 High-Pressure Diodes



    Chapter 7. AMTEC

    7.1 Operating Principle

    7.2 Vapor Pressure

    7.3 Pressure Drop in the Sodium Vapor Column

    7.4 Mean Free Path of Sodium Ions

    7.5 V - I Characteristics of an AMTEC

    7.6 Efficiency

    7.7 Thermodynamics of an AMTEC


    Chapter 8. Radio-Noise Generators

    8.1 Sole Section


    Part II: The World of Hydrogen

    Chapter 9. Fuel Cells

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Voltaic Cells

    9.3 Fuel Cell Classification

    9.4 Fuel Cell Reactions

    9.5 Typical Fuel Cell Configurations

    9.6 Fuel Cell Applications

    9.7 The Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells

    9.8 Performance of Real Fuel Cells


    Chapter 10. Hydrogen Production

    10.1 Generalities

    10.2 Chemical Production of Hydrogen

    10.3 Electrolytic Hydrogen

    10.4 Thermolytic Hydrogen

    10.5 Photolytic Hydrogen

    10.6 Photobiologic Hydrogen Production



    Chapter 11. Hydrogen Storage

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Compressed Gas

    11.3 Cryogenic Hydrogen

    11.4 Storage of Hydrogen by Adsorption

    11.5 Storage of Hydrogen in Chemical Compounds

    11.6 Hydride Hydrogen Compressors

    11.7 Hydride Heat Pumps



    Part III: Energy from the Sun

    Chapter 12. Solar Radiation

    12.1 The Nature of the Solar Radiation

    12.2 Insolation

    12.3 Solar Collectors

    12.4 Some Solar Plant Configurations

    12.5 The Measurement of Time

    12.6 Orbital Mechanics



    Chapter 13. Biomass

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 The Composition of Biomass

    13.3 Biomass as Fuel

    13.4 Photosynthesis



    Chapter 14. Photovoltaic Converters

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Theoretical Efficiency

    14.3 Carrier Multiplication

    14.4 Spectrally Selective Beam Splitting

    14.5 Thermo-photovoltaic Cells

    14.6 The Ideal and the Practical

    14.7 Solid-State Junction Photodiode

    14.8 The Reverse Saturation Current

    14.9 Practical Efficiency

    14.10 Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC)

    14.11 Organic Photovoltaic Cells (OPC)

    14.12 Solar-Power Satellite

    14.13 Solar Energy to DC Conversion

    14.14 Microwave Generation

    14.15 Radiation System

    14.16 Receiving Array

    14.17 Attitude and Orbital Control

    14.18 Space Transportation and Space Construction

    14.19 Future of Space Solar Power Projects

    Appendix A: Values of two definite integrals used in the calculation of photodiode performance



    Part IV: Wind and Water

    Chapter 15. Wind Energy

    15.1 History

    15.2 Wind Machine Configurations

    15.3 Measuring the Wind

    15.4 Availability of Wind Energy

    15.5 Wind Turbine Characteristics

    15.6 Principles of Aerodynamics

    15.7 Airfoils

    15.8 Reynolds Number

    15.9 Aspect Ratio

    15.10 Wind Turbine Analysis

    15.11 Magnus Effect



    Chapter 16. Ocean Engines

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Wave Energy

    16.3 Tidal Energy

    16.4 Energy from Currents

    16.5 Salination Energy

    16.6 Osmosis

    16.7 Further Reading



    Chapter 17. Nuclear Energy

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Fission Reactors

    17.3 Fusion Reactors

    17.4 Cold Fusion



    Chapter 18. Storage of Energy

    18.1 Generalities

    18.2 Electrochemical Storage (Batteries)

    18.3 Capacitive Storage




Product details

  • No. of pages: 908
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123978257

About the Author

Aldo da Rosa

Dr. da Rosa taught the perennially popular Renewable Energy course at Stanford University for over 30 years. Former Chairman of the Brazilian National Research Council, Director of the Aeronautical Technical Center, and founder of Brazilian NASA, he also served as the CEO of a tech start-up, Chairman of the Board for a microprocessor manufacturer, and as a member of Siemens Corporation’s scientific advisory board.

Affiliations and Expertise

Stanford University, Professor Emeritus (deceased), USA

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