Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior

Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior

An Applied Perspective

2nd Edition - January 1, 1978

Write a review

  • Author: Andrew J. DuBrin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148175

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior: An Applied Perspective, Second Edition examines the behavior of people in organizations. Topics covered range from political maneuvering in organizations (office politics) to the stresses facing people in managerial and professional positions. A conceptual framework for organizational behavior is presented, along with numerous case illustrations and examples from live organizational settings. This monograph consists of 14 chapters and opens with an introduction to organizational behavior and how it is influenced by principles of human behavior. The three main subareas or schools of management thought are discussed, together with the difference between knowledge work and non-knowledge work; how research and theory contribute to an understanding of organizational behavior; and the distinction between structure and process. The following chapters explore how the meaning of work relates to work motivation, as well as the link between work motivation and job performance; behavioral aspects of decision making; stresses in managerial and professional life; and political maneuvering in organizations. Small group behavior, leadership styles, and interpersonal communications are also considered, along with intergroup conflict and organizational effectiveness. This book will be of interest to students, managers, and staff specialists, as well as behavioral scientists and management theorists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Acknowledgments

    Part I Introduction

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Organizational Behavior

    Learning Objectives

    Scope of Organizational Behavior

    The Knowledge Worker and Organizational Behavior

    What Organizational Behavior is No

    The Contribution of Theory and Research

    Sources of Information about Organizational Behavior

    Organizational Behavior and Common Sense

    Conceptual Framework for Organizational Behavior

    Plan and Purpose of this Book

    Questions for Discussion

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Part II Individuals

    Preview

    Chapter 2 The Motivation to Work

    Learning Objectives

    How the Meaning of Work Relates to Work Motivation

    Work Motivation and Job Performance

    Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction

    Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory

    Achievement Motivation

    Expectancy Theory

    Job Enrichment (Appealing to Higher Level Needs)

    Combining Job Enrichment with Goal-Setting Theory

    Behavior Modification in Organizations (The Application of Reinforcement Theory)

    Optimum Use of Money as a Motivator

    The Work Motivation Schema

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: How Do You Motivate This Man?

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 3 Behavioral Aspects of Decision Making

    Learning Objectives

    The Decision-Making Schema

    Some Relevant Research on Independent Variables in Decision Making

    Problem Finding

    Clarification of the Problem

    Finding Creative Alternatives

    Weighing Alternatives

    Making the Choice

    Evaluation of Outcomes

    Repetitive Decision Making

    Quantitative Decision Making

    Decision Making and the Organizational System

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Perplexing Mansion

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 4 Stresses in Managerial and Professional Life

    Learning Objectives

    A Paradigm for the Study of Stress

    Relationship of Individual and Organizational Stress

    Reactions to Stress

    Organizational Pressures

    Individual Conflicts

    Some Relevant Research on Stress in Organizations

    Prevention of Dysfunctional Stress

    Methods of Reducing or Coping with Stress

    Executive Health in Perspective

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: I Wish I Had Never Left

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 5 Political Maneuvering in Organizations

    Learning Objectives

    Conceptual Framework for Organizational Politics

    The Power Motive and Job Politics

    Secondary Factors Contributing to Job Politics

    Career-Advancement Strategies

    Bases of Power

    Power-Acquisition Strategies

    Can Politics Be Ignored?

    Antidotes to Political Maneuvering

    Implications for Policy Making

    How Political are You?

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Turned-off Recognition Valve

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Part III Small Groups

    Preview

    Chapter 6 Small Group Behavior

    Learning Objectives

    What is a Group?

    A Framework for Understanding Small Groups

    A Practical Theory of Small Group Behavior

    What Functions Does a Group Perform?

    Group Pressures toward Conformity

    Effective Work Groups

    Committees

    Office of the President: Running a Company by Committee

    Temporary Task Forces

    Some Field Research about the Effectiveness of Groups

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Unbalanced Team

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 7 Leadership Styles

    Learning Objectives

    Leader Traits and Leadership Situations

    Contingency Theory of Leadership Effectiveness

    Managerial Grid Styles

    Situational Leadership Theory (The Life Cycle Theory)

    Path-Goal Theory of Leadership

    Participative Leadership Style

    Leadership Style and Productivity

    Determinants of Leadership Style

    Improving Your Leadership Style

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Self-Insight Exercise: What Kind of Leadership and Followership Style Best Describes You?

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 8 Improving Subordinate Performance

    Learning Objectives

    Establishing Improvement Goals

    A Control Model for Counseling and Coaching Subordinates

    Performance Appraisals: Purposes and Problems

    Performance Appraisals and Improvement

    Management by Objectives

    MBO and Improved Performance

    Research on Helping Relationships in a Work Organization

    Punishing People to Improve Performance

    Group Cohesiveness and Improved Performance

    Structural and Technological Factors

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Preempted Objectives

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 9 Interpersonal Communications

    Learning Objectives

    The Universal Communications Problem

    Communication is Transactional

    An Interpersonal Communication Process Model

    Interpersonal Communication Structures

    Technology and Interpersonal Communication

    Barriers to Communication

    Coping with Barriers to Communication

    Transactional Analysis

    Communication, Productivity, and Satisfaction

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: Why Don't People Tell Me These Things?

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 10 Intergroup Conflict

    Learning Objectives

    A Systems Model of Intergroup Conflict

    Sources of Conflict

    Line versus Staff Conflict (Generalists versus Specialists)

    Consequences of Intergroup Conflict

    Group Relationships and Intergroup Conflict

    Reducing Intergroup Conflict

    Behavioral Science Intervention in Conflict

    Capitalizing on Conflict

    A Research Study about Training in Conflict Management

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Dethroned President

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Part IV Organizations

    Preview

    Chapter 11 Organizational Effectiveness

    Learning Objectives

    A Systems Viewpoint

    Selected Measures of Organizational Effectiveness

    Organizational Design and Effectiveness

    Additional Factors Contributing to Organizational Effectiveness

    Wasteful Organizational Practices

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Exercise: The Organizational Effectiveness Checklist

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 12 Management of Individual and Group Change

    Learning Objectives

    A Taxonomy of Change

    A Systems Model of Change

    Effects of Change on People

    Why People Resist Change

    Reducing Resistance to Change

    Managing Technological Innovation

    Managerial and Professional Obsolescence

    A System for Coping with Change

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: Stop Crushing My Turbine Blades

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Chapter 13 Organization Development and Change

    Learning Objectives

    Organization Development Strategies

    A Model for the Management of Organizational Change

    Role of the Consultant or Change Agent

    Sensitivity Training and Encounter Groups

    The Managerial Grid

    Team Building

    The Survey Feedback Approach

    Characteristics of Successful and Unsuccessful Organization Development

    A General Criticism of OD

    Relationship to Core Propositions

    Questions for Discussion

    An Organizational Behavior Minicase: The Weekend Encounter

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Part V The Future

    Chapter 14 Managers and Organizations of the Future

    Learning Objectives

    Managers of the Future

    Flexible Organizational Structures

    More Power to the People

    Acceptance of a Moderate Growth Philosophy

    Increase in Multiple Careers and Protean Careers

    Questions for Discussion

    Notes

    Suggested Reading

    Glossary

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 552
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148175

About the Author

Andrew J. DuBrin

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior"