Description

Motor control is a relatively young field of research exploring how the nervous system produces purposeful, coordinated movements in its interaction with the body and the environment through conscious and unsconscious thought. Many books purporting to cover motor control have veered off course to examine biomechanics and physiology rather than actual control, leaving a gap in the literature. This book covers all the major perspectives in motor control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics, to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case studies.

Key Features

  • Reviews current research in motor control
  • Contains balanced perspectives among neuroscience, psychology, physics and biomechanics
  • Highlights controversies in the field
  • Discusses neurophysiology, control theory, biomechanics, and dynamical systems under one cover
  • Links principles of motor control to everyday behaviors
  • Includes case studies delving into topics in more detail

Readership

Academic researchers and students in motor control, and kinesiology.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. A philosophical introduction

1.1 Adequate language

1.2 Specific features of biological objects

2. Elements of history

2.1 From Ancient Greece to the early twentieth century

2.2 Classical biomechanics and neurophysiology of the twentieth century

2.3 Nikolai Bernstein and the levels of movement construction

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

3. Features of the system for movement production

3.1 The muscle

3.2 Neurons and neural pathways

3.3 Sensory receptors

3.4 Reflexes

3.5 Motor redundancy

3.6 Motor variability

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

4. Instructive examples

4.1 Do stars and planets measure the distances to each other?

4.2 Posture–movement paradox

4.3 Opening a door with a mug of coffee in one’s hand

4.4 Tonic stretch reflex and voluntary movements

4.5 Equifinality and its violations

4.6 Effects of deafferentation on voluntary movements

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

5. Control with forces and torques

5.1 Force control

5.2 Are interaction torques special? The leading-joint hypothesis

5.3 Generalized motor programs

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

6. Control with muscle activations

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Dual-strategy hypothesis

6.3 Pulse–step model

6.4 Control of multi-muscle systems: muscle synergies

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

7. Control theory approaches

7.1 The basic notions

7.2 Servo-control and Merton’s servo-hypothesis

7.3 Optimal control

Self-test quest

Details

No. of pages:
364
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780124159563
Electronic ISBN:
9780123914125

About the author

Mark Latash

Mark Latash is a Distinguished Professor of Kinesiology and Director of the Motor Control Laboratory at the Pennsylvania State University. He received equivalents of B.S. in Physics and M.S. in Physics of Living Systems from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and a Ph.D. in Physiology from Rush University in Chicago. His research interests are focused on the control and coordination of human voluntary movements, movement disorders in neurological disorders, and effects of rehabilitation. He is the author of “Control of Human Movement” (1993) “The Neurophysiological Basis of Movement” (1998, 2008), “Synergy” (2008), and “Fundamentals of Motor Control” (2012). In addition, he edited eight books and published about 350 papers in refereed journals. Mark Latash served as the Founding Editor of the journal “Motor Control” (1996-2007) and as President of the International Society of Motor Control (2001-2005). He has served as Director of the annual Motor Control Summer School series since 2004. He is a recipient of the Bernstein Prize in motor control.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Reviews

"This book provides all of the essential components needed for a motor control course at the college level. The author is well respected in the field and he supports all of his science with current, peer-reviewed literature."--Doody.com, June 21, 2013
"This book covers all the major perspectives in motor control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics, to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case studies."--Doody.com, April 24, 2013