Fundamentals of Motor Control - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124159563, 9780123914125

Fundamentals of Motor Control

1st Edition

Authors: Mark Latash
eBook ISBN: 9780123914125
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124159563
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd July 2012
Page Count: 364
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Description

Motor control is a relatively young field of research exploring how the nervous system produces purposeful, coordinated movements in its interaction with the body and the environment through conscious and unsconscious thought. Many books purporting to cover motor control have veered off course to examine biomechanics and physiology rather than actual control, leaving a gap in the literature. This book covers all the major perspectives in motor control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics, to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case studies.

Key Features

  • Reviews current research in motor control
  • Contains balanced perspectives among neuroscience, psychology, physics and biomechanics
  • Highlights controversies in the field
  • Discusses neurophysiology, control theory, biomechanics, and dynamical systems under one cover
  • Links principles of motor control to everyday behaviors
  • Includes case studies delving into topics in more detail

Readership

Academic researchers and students in motor control, and kinesiology.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. A philosophical introduction

1.1 Adequate language

1.2 Specific features of biological objects

2. Elements of history

2.1 From Ancient Greece to the early twentieth century

2.2 Classical biomechanics and neurophysiology of the twentieth century

2.3 Nikolai Bernstein and the levels of movement construction

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

3. Features of the system for movement production

3.1 The muscle

3.2 Neurons and neural pathways

3.3 Sensory receptors

3.4 Reflexes

3.5 Motor redundancy

3.6 Motor variability

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

4. Instructive examples

4.1 Do stars and planets measure the distances to each other?

4.2 Posture–movement paradox

4.3 Opening a door with a mug of coffee in one’s hand

4.4 Tonic stretch reflex and voluntary movements

4.5 Equifinality and its violations

4.6 Effects of deafferentation on voluntary movements

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

5. Control with forces and torques

5.1 Force control

5.2 Are interaction torques special? The leading-joint hypothesis

5.3 Generalized motor programs

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

6. Control with muscle activations

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Dual-strategy hypothesis

6.3 Pulse–step model

6.4 Control of multi-muscle systems: muscle synergies

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

7. Control theory approaches

7.1 The basic notions

7.2 Servo-control and Merton’s servo-hypothesis

7.3 Optimal control

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

8. Physical approaches

8.1 Mass-spring models

8.2 Threshold control

8.3 The equilibrium-point hypothesis

8.4 Control with referent configurations

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

9. Coordination

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Optimization

9.3 Dynamical systems approach

9.4 Synergy

9.5 Perception–action interactions

9.6 Perception–action coupling

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

10. Neurophysiological structures

10.1 The spinal cord

10.2 Central pattern generators

10.3 The brain: A general overview

10.4 Cortex of the large hemispheres

10.5 Loops through the basal ganglia

10.6 Loops involving the cerebellum

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

11. Exemplary behaviors

11.1 Posture

11.2 Locomotion

11.3 Reaching

11.4 Prehension

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

12. Effects of practice and adaptation

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Learning to be quick and accurate: Speed–accuracy and speed–difficulty trade-offs

12.3 Learning motor synergies

12.4 Stages in motor learning

12.5 Neural maps and their changes with practice

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

13. Methods in motor control studies

13.1 General methodological issues

13.2 Mechanical analysis

13.3 Electromyography

13.4 Electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography

13.5 Transcranial magnetic stimulation

13.6 Brain imaging

Self-test questions

Essential references and recommended further readings

Glossary

Index

Details

No. of pages:
364
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123914125
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124159563

About the Author

Mark Latash

Mark Latash is a Distinguished Professor of Kinesiology and Director of the Motor Control Laboratory at the Pennsylvania State University. He received equivalents of B.S. in Physics and M.S. in Physics of Living Systems from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and a Ph.D. in Physiology from Rush University in Chicago. His research interests are focused on the control and coordination of human voluntary movements, movement disorders in neurological disorders, and effects of rehabilitation. He is the author of “Control of Human Movement” (1993) “The Neurophysiological Basis of Movement” (1998, 2008), “Synergy” (2008), and “Fundamentals of Motor Control” (2012). In addition, he edited eight books and published about 350 papers in refereed journals. Mark Latash served as the Founding Editor of the journal “Motor Control” (1996-2007) and as President of the International Society of Motor Control (2001-2005). He has served as Director of the annual Motor Control Summer School series since 2004. He is a recipient of the Bernstein Prize in motor control.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Reviews

"This book provides all of the essential components needed for a motor control course at the college level. The author is well respected in the field and he supports all of his science with current, peer-reviewed literature."--Doody.com, June 21, 2013
"This book covers all the major perspectives in motor control, with a balanced approach. There are chapters explicitly dedicated to control theory, to dynamical systems, to biomechanics, to different behaviors, and to motor learning, including case studies."--Doody.com, April 24, 2013