Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes

International Series on Materials Science and Technology

2nd Edition - January 1, 1985

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  • Authors: Lucien Coudurier, Donald W. Hopkins, Igor Wilkomirsky
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162409

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Description

Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes, Second Edition reviews developments in the design, control, and efficiency of metallurgical processes. Topics covered include thermodynamic functions and solutions as well as experimental and bibliographical methods, heterogeneous reactions, metal extraction, and iron and steelmaking. This book is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an overview of the fundamentals of thermodynamics (functions, relationships, and behavior of solutions), followed by a discussion on methods of obtaining thermodynamic data from tables and graphs and by experiment. The kinetics of heterogeneous reactions in metallurgy are examined next, with particular reference to heterogeneous catalysis and mass transfer between immiscible liquid phases. The following chapters focus on the extraction of metals from oxides, sulfides, and halides; the production of iron and steel; the structure and properties of slags; slag/metal reactions; and equilibria in iron and steel production. The final chapter consists entirely of solved problems. This monograph will be of interest to metallurgists and materials scientists.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction to the Second Edition

    Introduction to the First Edition

    1. Thermodynamic Functions

    Introduction

    1.1. Conservation of Energy

    1.2. Energy Degradation

    General Reading

    2. Solutions

    Introduction

    2.1. Chemical Potential of a Component in Solution

    2.2. Activity and Mass Action Law

    2.3. Other Partial and Integral Quantities of Mixing

    2.4. Ideal, Real and Regular Solutions

    2.5. Dilute Solutions

    2.6. Properties of Binary Solutions

    General Reading

    3. Experimental and Bibliographical Methods

    Introduction

    3.1. Experimental Determination of Thermodynamic Data

    3.2. Methods of Calculation of Thermodynamic Activities

    3.3. Tabulation of Thermodynamic Data

    References and General Reading

    4. Heterogeneous Reactions in Metallurgy, Kinetics and Catalysis

    Introduction

    4.1. Transformation of a Particle by a Gas

    4.2. Kinetics of Isothermal Transformation of a Particulate Bed by a Gas

    4.3. Heterogeneous Catalysis

    4.4. Mass Transfer Between Immiscible Liquid Phases

    References and General Reading

    5. Extraction of Metals

    Introduction

    5.1. Stability of Compounds

    5.2. Processing of Sulphides

    5.3. Oxide Reduction

    5.4. Metallurgy of Halides

    5.5. Examples of Extractive Processes (Cu, N, Pb, Zn, Sn)

    6. Slags

    Introduction

    6.1. Structure of Slags

    6.2. Properties of Slags

    6.3. Activities of Slag Components

    References

    General Reading

    7. Iron and Steel-making

    Introduction

    7.1. Blast Furnace Iron, Steel-making Processes

    7.2. Equilibria in Iron and Steel Production

    References

    General Reading

    8. Problems

    1. Solid-Liquid-Vapor Phase Diagrams

    2. Aluminothermic Reduction of Manganese Oxides

    3. Iron-Silicon Solutions

    4. Fe-O-Mn Equilibrium

    5. Construction of the Bi-Cd Phase Diagram

    6. Activity in Solution from Vapor Pressure

    7. Thermodynamics of Pb-Zn Equilibrium

    8. Electrochemical Measurement of Activity in Solution

    9. Activity in Solution by Gibbs-Duhem Integration

    10. Extraction of Ag from Pb-Ag Alloy

    11. Cracking of Natural Gas

    12. Calcium from Lime by Aluminothermic Reduction

    13. Reduction of a Bed of Iron Oxide Particles

    14. Molybdenite Roasting in a Multiple Hearth Furnace

    15. Reduction of Zinc Oxide with Carbon Monoxide

    16. Reduction of Zinc Oxide with Carbon

    17. Roasting and Smelting of Chalcopyrite

    18. Balances in the Iron Blast Furnace1

    19. Manganese Distribution between Steel and Slag

    20. Si and S Distribution between Steel and Slag

    21. Dephosphorisation of Steel

    22. Deoxidation of Steel by Aluminum

    23. Dephosphorisation of Steel, FeO and CaO/SiO2 in Slag

    24. Deoxidation of Steel by Methane

    25. High Grade Fe-Cr by the Ugine-Perrin Process

    26. TiC by Reducing TiC14 with CH4

    References

    Symbols

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1985
  • Published: January 1, 1985
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483162409

About the Authors

Lucien Coudurier

Donald W. Hopkins

Igor Wilkomirsky

About the Editor

D. W. Hopkins

Affiliations and Expertise

University College of Swansea, UK

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