Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science

Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science

Liquid-Fluid Interfaces

1st Edition - July 10, 2000

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  • Editor: J. Lyklema
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080507132
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124605237

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Description

@text:Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science (FICS) is a standard reference work with an educational nature. The emphasis is on the basic facts and phenomena, which are systematically explained. FICS aims to make interface and colloid science accessible to a wide audience. Interface and colloid science is an important and fascinating field, but one that is often overlooked and undervalued. It has applications as diverse as agriculture, mineral dressing, oil recovery, industrial chemistry, medical science and biotechnology.A deductive approach is followed, with systems of growing complexity being treated as the book progresses. Volume I: Fundamentals (1st ed. 1991, 2nd ed. 1993) reviews the physical chemistry required to understand current literature on interfacial and colloid science. The volume starts from first principles and gradually increases the level. Volume II: Solid-Liquid Interfaces (1995) treats the subject systematically for the first time, including adsorption, double layers and electronkinetics. Volume III: Interface Tension covers interfacial tensions, monolayers and wetting.

Key Features

  • Accessible to a wide audience without a detailed knowledge of physics and chemistry
  • Complex mathematical derivations are kept to a minimum
  • Treats interfacial and colloidal phenomena from first principles (advanced command of physics and chemistry not required)
  • Takes the reader from elementary to expert level
  • Acts as a reference and a textbook
  • Contains extensive and detailed cumulative subject index

Readership

Physical chemists working in colloid, interface and surface science; Industrial/applied chemists working on pigment, emulsion, dispersion and powder research; Pharmaceutical chemists working on membranes and drug formation.

Table of Contents

  • General Preface

    Preface to Volume III: Liquid-Fluid Interfaces

    Co-operation and acknowledgements

    List of Frequently Used Symbols (Volumes I, II and III)

    Superscripts

    Subscripts

    Recurrent special symbols

    Some mathematical signs and operators

    Latin

    Greek

    Chapter 1: Interfacial Tension: Measurement

    1.1 General introduction to capillarity and the measurement of interfacial tensions

    1.2 On the mathematics of curvature

    1.3 Capillary rise

    1.4 Shapes of drops and bubbles on surfaces4)

    1.5 Free drops in a density gradient or electric field

    1.6 Drop weight method

    1.7 Maximum bubble pressure

    1.8 Force required to hold objects at an interface or to pull them through it

    1.9 Spinning drops and bubbles

    1.10 Surface light scattering

    1.11 Miscellaneous other static methods

    1.12 A case study: the surface tension of water

    1.12a a Room temperature

    1.12b From 0° – 100°C

    1.13 Measuring the surface tension of solids

    1.14 Surface tensions under dynamic conditions

    1.14a Pure liquids

    1.14b Solutions

    1.14c A note on the pristine state of LG and LL surfaces

    1.15 Bending moduli

    1.16 Applications

    Chapter 2: Interfacial Tension: Molecular Interpretation

    2.1 Introductory considerations

    2.2 Thermodynamic and statistical thermodynamic fundamentals. Flat interfaces

    2.3 Interfacial tension and interfacial pressure tensor1)

    2.4 Interfacial tensions and distribution functions

    2.5 Van der Waals theory

    2.5a Some elements of van der Waals’ theory

    2.5b Comments and consequences

    2.5c Van der Waals theory in the Hamaker-de Boer approximation

    2.6 Cahn-Hilliard theory

    2.7 Interfacial tensions from simulations

    2.8 The thickness of the interfacial region

    2.9 Quasi-thermodynamic approaches. Effects of temperature and pressure. Corresponding states

    2.9a Influence of temperature. Energetic and entropic contributions

    2.9b Influence of pressure

    2.9c Surface tensions as capillary waves

    2.10 Lattice theories for the interpretation of interfacial tensions

    2.11 Empirical relationships

    2.11a Relations containing molar volumes and compressibilities

    2.11b Relationships for interfacial tensions, containing geometric means

    2.11c Other empirical relationships

    2.12 Conclusions and applications

    Chapter 3: Langmuir Monolayers

    3.1 Langmuir- and Gibbs monolayers. Distinctions and analogies

    3.2 How to make monolayers

    3.3 Two-dimensional phases and surface pressure

    3.4 Monolayer thermodynamics

    3.5 Monolayer molecular thermodynamics

    3.6 Interfacial rheology

    3.7 Measuring monolayer properties

    3.8 Case studies

    Chapter 4: Gibbs Monolayers

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The surface tension of miscible binary mixtures

    4.3 Dilute solutions of simple molecules

    4.4 Simple electrolytes

    4.5 Rheology and kinetics

    4.6 Surfactants

    4.7 Curved interfaces

    4.8 Applications

    Chapter 5: Wetting

    5.1 General considerations

    5.2 Thermodynamics of wetting and adhesion

    5.3 The relation between adsorption and wetting. Wetting films

    5.4 Measuring contact angles

    5.5 Contact angle hysteresis

    5.6 Line tensions

    5.7 Interpretation of static contact angles

    5.8 Dynamics

    5.9 Porous systems

    5.10 Influence of surfactants

    5.11 Applications

    Appendices

    Appendix 1: Surface Tensions of Pure Liquids and Mixtures

    a. Surface tension of some inorganic fluids

    b. Surface tensions of some molten metals

    c. Surface tension of some molten halides

    d. Surface tensions of some low boiling point liquids.

    e. Surface tensions of linear alkanes

    f. Surface tensions of linear aliphatic n-alcohols

    g. Surface tensions of linear aliphatic n-aldehydes

    h. Surface tensions of linear n-amines.

    i. Surface tensions of n-aliphatic acids

    j. Surface tensions of n-aliphatic nitrites

    k. Surface tensions of n-aliphatic isomers compared

    l. Surface tensions of some other common aliphatic compounds

    m. Surface tensions of some triglycerides

    n. Surface tensions of benzene and some mono-substituted benzenes

    o. Surface tensions of some other cyclic compounds

    p. Surface tensions of some binary mixtures

    Appendix 2

    a Integral characteristic functions of flat interfaces

    b Differential characteristic functions of flat interfaces

    Appendix 3: Some principles of variational calculus

    Appendix 4: Contact angles

    a. Contact angles on metals

    b. Contact angles on polymers

    c. Contact angles on oxides, minerals and metalloids

    Cumulative Subject Index of Volumes I (Fundamentals), II (Solid-Fluid Interfaces) and III (Liquid-Interfaces)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 751
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2000
  • Published: July 10, 2000
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080507132
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124605237

About the Editor

J. Lyklema

Affiliations and Expertise

Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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