Fundamentals of Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis provides an introduction to the fundamental principles of dispersive X-ray analysis. It presents descriptions, equations, and graphs to enable the users of these techniques to develop an intuitive and conceptual image of the physical processes involved in the generation and detection of X-rays.
The book begins with a discussion of X-ray detection and measurement, which is accomplished by one of two types of X-ray spectrometer: energy dispersive or wavelength dispersive. The emphasis is on energy dispersive spectrometers, given their rather widespread use compared to the wavelength dispersive type. This is followed by separate chapters on techniques such as X-ray absorption; spectrum processing; and elimination of spectrum background produced by electron excitation. Subsequent chapters cover X-ray fluorescence; the use of regression models; hardware for X-ray fluorescence analysis; scattering, background, and trace element analysis; and methods for producing inner shell excitation of atoms in a sample of interest. The final chapter deals with applications of X-ray analysis.
1 X-Ray Emission 2 Wavelength Dispersive Spectrometers 3 Energy Dispersive Spectrometers 4 Electron Penetration in Solids 5 Monte-Carlo Modeling 6 X-Ray Absorption 7 Secondary Fluorescence 8 Applying the Corrections (Quantitative Analysis) 9 Standards: Real, Complex and Imaginary 10 Accuracy and Errors 11 Spectrum Processing 12 Background in Electron Excited Spectra 13 Thin Sections in STEM and TEM 14 Ultra-Low Energies 15 X-Ray Distribution Maps 16 Heterogeneous Samples 17 Less Common Methods 18 X-Ray Fluorescence-Fundamentals 19 Regression Models 20 Hardware for XRF 21 Sample Effects 22 Scattering, Background and Trace Element Analysis 23 Modifying the Excitation Function 24 Other Ways to Excite the Sample 25 Sorting, Tagging and Matching 26 Conclusions References Index
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- © Butterworth-Heinemann 1984
- 3rd July 1984
- eBook ISBN: